Country Ratings

Tier Placements1

[Adapted from U.S. State Dept Trafficking in Persons Report, June 17, 2009]

Tier 1

 

Australia

Denmark

Lithuania

Norway

Austria

Finland

Luxembourg

Poland

Belgium

France

Macedonia

Slovenia

Canada

Georgia

Mauritius

Spain

Colombia

Germany

Netherlands

Sweden

Croatia

Italy

New Zealand

Switzerland

Czech Republic

Korea, South

Nigeria

United Kingdom - UK

 

Tier 2

 

Afghanistan

El Salvador

Laos

Romania

Albania

Estonia

Liberia

Rwanda

Antigua & Barbuda

Ethiopia

Madagascar

Serbia

Armenia

The Gambia

Macau

Sierra Leone

The Bahamas

Greece

Malawi

Singapore

Barbados

Honduras

Maldives

Slovak Republic

Belarus

Hong Kong

Malta

South Africa

Benin

Hungary

Mexico

Suriname

Bolivia

Iceland

Mongolia

Taiwan

Bosnia-Herzegovina

Indonesia

Morocco

Tanzania

Botswana

Ireland

Mozambique

Thailand

Brazil

Israel

Namibia

Timor Leste

Brunei

Jamaica

Nepal

Togo

Bulgaria

Japan

Oman

Trinidad & Tobago

Burkina Faso

Jordan

Palau

Turkey

Chile

Kazakhstan

Panama

Uganda

Costa Rica

Kenya

Paraguay

Uruguay

Cyprus

Kosovo

Peru

Vietnam

Ecuador

Kyrgyz Republic

Portugal

Zambia

 

Tier 2 Watch List

 

Algeria

Congo (ROC)

Iraq

Qatar

Angola

Cote d'Ivoire

Latvia

Russia

Argentina

Djibouti

Lebanon

St Vincent & Gren

Azerbaijan

Dominican Republic

Lesotho

Senegal

Bahrain

Egypt

Libya

Sri Lanka

Bangladesh

Equatorial Guinea

Mali

Tajikistan

Belize

Gabon

Micronesia

Tunisia

Burundi

Ghana

Moldova

Turkmenistan

Cambodia

Guatemala

Montenegro

Ukraine

Cameroon

Guinea

Netherlands Antilles

United Arab Emirates

Central African Rep

Guinea-Bissau

Nicaragua

Uzbekistan

China

Guyana

Pakistan

Venezuela

Congo (DRC)

India

Philippines

Yemen

 

Tier 3

 

Burma

Iran

Niger

Syria

Chad

Korea, North

Papua New Guinea

Zimbabwe

Cuba

Kuwait

Saudi Arabia

 

Eritrea

Malaysia

Sudan

 

Fiji

Mauritania

Swaziland

 

 

No Tier Rating

 

Haiti

Kiribati

Solomon Islands

Somalia

Tonga

 

 

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1.  Determination of Tier Placements

The Department places each country included on the TIP Report into one of the three lists, described here as tiers, mandated by the TVPA [Trafficking Victims Protection Act]. This placement is based more on the extent of government action to combat trafficking, rather than the size of the problem, important though that is. The Department first evaluates whether the government fully complies with the TVPA's minimum standards for the elimination of trafficking. Governments that do fully comply are placed in Tier 1. For other governments, the Department considers whether they are making significant efforts to bring themselves into compliance. Governments that are making significant efforts to meet the minimum standards are placed in Tier 2. Governments that do not fully comply with the minimum standards and are not making significant efforts to do so are placed in Tier 3. Finally, the Special Watch List criteria are considered and, when applicable, Tier 2 countries are placed on the Tier 2 Watch List.

2  Minimum Standards

1.      The government should prohibit trafficking and punish acts of trafficking.

2.      The government should prescribe punishment commensurate with that for grave crimes, such as forcible sexual assault, for the knowing commission of trafficking in some of its most reprehensible forms (trafficking for sexual purposes, trafficking involving rape or kidnapping, or trafficking that causes a death).

3.      For knowing commission of any act of trafficking, the government should prescribe punishment that is sufficiently stringent to deter, and that adequately reflects the offense’s heinous nature.

4.      The government should make serious and sustained efforts to eliminate trafficking.

a)      Whether the government vigorously investigates and prosecutes acts of trafficking within its territory.

b)      Whether the government protects victims of trafficking, encourages victims’ assistance in investigation and prosecution, provides victims with legal alternatives to their removal to countries where they would face retribution or hardship, and ensures that victims are not inappropriately penalized solely for unlawful acts as a direct result of being trafficked.

c)      Whether the government has adopted measures, such as public education, to prevent trafficking.

d)      Whether the government cooperates with other governments in investigating and prosecuting trafficking.

e)      Whether the government extradites persons charged with trafficking as it does with other serious crimes.

f)        Whether the government monitors immigration and emigration patterns for evidence of trafficking, and whether law enforcement agencies respond appropriately to such evidence.

g)      Whether the government vigorously investigates and prosecutes public officials who participate in or facilitate trafficking, and takes all appropriate measures against officials who condone trafficking.

3  Significant Efforts

Three factors were considered in determining whether a country is making significant efforts to bring itself into compliance with these minimum standards.  (1) the extent of trafficking in the country;  (2) the extent of governmental noncompliance with the minimum standards, particularly the extent to which government officials have participated in, facilitated, condoned, or are otherwise complicit in trafficking; and (3) what measures are reasonable to bring the government into compliance with the minimum standards in light of the government’s resources and capabilities.