Torture in  [Oman]  [other countries]
Human Trafficking in  [Oman]  [other countries]
Street Children in  [Oman]  [other countries]
Child Prostitution in  [Oman]  [other countries]
 

Human Trafficking & Modern-day Slavery

In the early years of the 21st Century                                                          gvnet.com/humantrafficking/Oman.htm

The Sultanate of Oman

Oman is a middle-income economy that is heavily dependent on dwindling oil resources, but sustained high oil prices in recent years have helped build Oman's budget and trade surpluses and foreign reserves. As a result of its dwindling oil resources, Oman is actively pursuing a development plan that focuses on diversification, industrialization, and privatization, with the objective of reducing the oil sector's contribution to GDP to 9% by 2020.  [The World Factbook, U.S.C.I.A. 2009]

Description: Description: Description: Oman

Oman is a transit and destination country for men and women, primarily from India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, the Philippines, and Indonesia, most of whom migrate willingly to Oman as domestic servants or low-skilled workers in the country’s construction, agriculture, and service sectors. Some of them subsequently face conditions indicative of involuntary servitude, such as withholding of passports and other restrictions on movement, non-payment of wages, long working hours without food or rest, threats, and physical or sexual abuse. Unscrupulous labor recruitment agencies and their sub-agents at the community level in South Asia and the United Arab Emirates (UAE) may coerce or defraud workers into accepting work in Oman that turns out to be exploitative and, in some instances, constitutes involuntary servitude. - U.S. State Dept Trafficking in Persons Report, June, 2009  [full country report]

 

CAUTION:  The following links have been culled from the web to illuminate the situation in Oman.  Some of these links may lead to websites that present allegations that are unsubstantiated or even false.  No attempt has been made to validate their authenticity or to verify their content.

*** FEATURED ARTICLE ***

Arms Trade – Oman

Victoria Garcia, Center for Defense Information CDI, February 13, 2004

www.cdi.org/program/document.cfm?documentid=2068&programID=73&from_page=../friendlyversion/printversion.cfm

[accessed 15 December 2010]

BACKGROUND - While the U.S. State Department has noted some improvements in the area of human rights, Oman’s record is still poor.  The judiciary is not independent of the sultan’s rule, freedom of expression and association are limited, due process is sometimes denied, citizens are not free to marry foreigners, human rights organizations are forbidden, women’s rights and workers’ rights are restricted, and forced labor as well as the abuse of foreign domestic servants are significant problems.

*** ARCHIVES ***

UN expert on human trafficking calls on Oman to do more to help victims

UN News Centre, 8 November 2006

www.un.org/apps/news/story.asp?NewsID=20537#.VBCPYqNuVCM

[accessed 10 September 2014]

“Some of these migrant workers are often lured in their country of origin by unscrupulous recruiting agents with false promises of a certain job or certain working conditions. More often than not they are shocked to find themselves in exploitative situations upon arrival,” she said, adding that “casual labourers” are one of the most disadvantaged groups and most open to abuse.

child slavery – petition

Petition sponsored by ipetiton

At one time this article had been archived and may possibly still be accessible [here]

[accessed 9 September 2011]

1. Please take urgent action against human trafficking, especially young children between the age of 2 to14 years who are being used as camel jockeys in Saudi Arabia, Oman, Qatar, Bahrain, Egypt, and other parts of the Persian Gulf, Middle East, and Arab regions. According to the United Nations Convention on the Rights of Children, children should be protected from all forms of physical or mental violence, injury or abuse. They should be protected from economic exploitation and from performing any work that is likely to interfere with their education or be harmful to their physical or mental health and spiritual, moral and social development.

2. Ban under-age and under-weight camel jockeys. The practice should be eliminated in all of the countries listed.

3. Prohibit unhygienic living conditions and purposely providing inadequate nutrition to the jockeys.

4. Prohibit physical and sexual abuse by the trainers.

5. Urge the government to set and implement standards to improve living condition for the jockeys.

Slavery of Children and women in Persian gulf countries

Morteza Aminmansour, Persian Journal, Jun 20, 2004

At one time this article had been archived and may possibly still be accessible [here]

[accessed 9 September 2011]

Exact number of victims is impossible to obtain, but according to an official source in UAE, there has been increase in the number of teen-age girls in prostitution (forced to work from Iran and other countries). The magnitude of the statistic conveys how rapidly this form of abuse has grown. The popular destinations for victims of the sex slave trade are the Arab countries in the Persian Gulf (UAE, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar). Traffickers target girls between 13 and 17 to send to Arab countries. The number of Iranian women and girls who are deported from Persian Gulf countries indicates the Magnitude of the trade. - htcp

Arms Trade – Oman

Victoria Garcia, Center for Defense Information CDI, February 13, 2004

www.cdi.org/program/document.cfm?documentid=2068&programID=73&from_page=../friendlyversion/printversion.cfm

[accessed 15 December 2010]

BACKGROUND - While the U.S. State Department has noted some improvements in the area of human rights, Oman’s record is still poor.  The judiciary is not independent of the sultan’s rule, freedom of expression and association are limited, due process is sometimes denied, citizens are not free to marry foreigners, human rights organizations are forbidden, women’s rights and workers’ rights are restricted, and forced labor as well as the abuse of foreign domestic servants are significant problems.

Secretary-General of League of Arab States Delivers Address

United Nations Press Release, Commission on Human Rights 58th session, 17 April 2002

www.unhchr.ch/huricane/huricane.nsf/0/06BA120C4D4CC048C1256B9F00262A3D?opendocument

[accessed 15 December 2010]

ZAKARIYA AL-SA'DI (Oman) said from the beginning of the 1970s, Oman had been giving particular attention to the rights of the child. There was a clear political will to improve the status of children and to address their needs and their development. Oman had always acceded to international conventions on the rights of children. It was inconceivable that children were not protected even in the twenty-first century. It had been internationally recognized that the children of Oman, being brought up in an Islamic country, were fortunate to have escaped several of the scourges suffered by children in other countries. International reports had proved that Oman had showed its commitment to children. Oman's achievements had been noted and the improvements it had made had been given international recognition.

Human Rights Reports » 2005 Country Reports on Human Rights Practices

U.S. Dept of State Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights, and Labor, March 8, 2006

www.state.gov/g/drl/rls/hrrpt/2005/61696.htm

[accessed 15 December 2010]

TRAFFICKING IN PERSONS – The law does not prohibit trafficking in persons; however, trafficking crimes are prosecuted under the criminal code and those convicted face three to five years in prison.

While one NGO reported unsubstantiated claims of evidence near the Buraimi Oasis that foreign children were trafficked to the country for training as camel jockeys, the local UNICEF representative concurred with the government's denial that foreign children were trafficked and employed as camel jockeys. According to a December 20 statement from the International Labor Organization, child camel jockeys were no longer an issue in the country.

The government operated a 24‑hour hot line to register complaints of potential victims and also worked with foreign governments to prevent trafficking in persons.

Concluding Observations of the Committee on the Rights of the Child (CRC) [DOC]

UN Convention on the Rights of the Child, 29 September 2006

www.unhchr.ch/tbs/doc.nsf/898586b1dc7b4043c1256a450044f331/fa5a9fc611efa876c1257259004f990d/$FILE/G0645119.doc

[accessed 15 December 2010]

[65] While noting that the domestic legislation prohibits forced child prostitution, manufacturing, acquiring or distribution of pornographic materials, bondage and slave trade, the Committee is concerned about the potential of the State party to be or become a destination country of trafficking in children owing to the large number of migrants in search of employment. It notes with concern the lack of data and the lack of research on the prevalence of national and cross-border trafficking, child prostitution and child pornography. Concern is also expressed about the lack of a comprehensive procedure to identify children who may be victims of trafficking and the absence of adequate recovery and reintegration services for these victims.

The Protection Project – Oman [PDF]

The Paul H. Nitze School of Advanced International Studies (SAIS), The Johns Hopkins University

www.protectionproject.org/wp-content/uploads/2010/09/Oman.pdf

[accessed 24 February 2016]

A Human Rights Report on Trafficking in Persons, Especially Women and Children

Freedom House Country Rating - Political Rights: 6   Civil Liberties: 5   Status: Not Free

2009 Edition

www.freedomhouse.org/report/freedom-world/2009/oman

[accessed 27 June 2012]

U.S. Library of Congress - Country Study

Library of Congress Call Number DS247.A13 P47 1994

lcweb2.loc.gov/frd/cs/omtoc.html

[accessed 15 December 2010]

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Torture in  [Oman]  [other countries]
Human Trafficking in  [Oman]  [other countries]
Street Children in  [Oman]  [other countries]
Child Prostitution in  [Oman]  [other countries]