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Human Trafficking

Prevalence, Abuse & Exploitation of Street Children

In the first decade of the 21st Century                                                     

The Sultanate of Oman

Oman is a middle-income economy that is heavily dependent on dwindling oil resources, but sustained high oil prices in recent years have helped build Oman's budget and trade surpluses and foreign reserves. As a result of its dwindling oil resources, Oman is actively pursuing a development plan that focuses on diversification, industrialization, and privatization, with the objective of reducing the oil sector's contribution to GDP to 9% by 2020.  [The World Factbook, U.S.C.I.A. 2009]

Description: Oman

CAUTION:  The following links and accompanying text have been culled from the web to illuminate the situation in Oman.  Some of these links may lead to websites that present allegations that are unsubstantiated or even false.  No attempt has been made to validate their authenticity or to verify their content.



If you are looking for material to use in a term-paper, you are advised to scan the postings on this page and others to see which aspect(s) of street life are of particular interest to you.  You might be interested in exploring how children got there, how they survive, and how some manage to leave the street.  Perhaps your paper could focus on how some street children abuse the public and how they are abused by the public … and how they abuse each other.  Would you like to write about market children? homeless children?  Sexual and labor exploitation? begging? violence? addiction? hunger? neglect? etc.  There is a lot to the subject of Street Children.  Scan other countries as well as this one.  Draw comparisons between activity in adjacent countries and/or regions.  Meanwhile, check out some of the Term-Paper resources that are available on-line.


Check out some of the Resources for Teachers attached to this website.


Child beggars thrive on Muslim holy season in Gulf states

Agence France-Presse AFP, Dubai, Oct 12, 2007

[accessed 29 June 2011]

[accessed 21 November 2016]

According to a study by the Imam Mohammad bin Saud Islamic University in Riyadh published in the Saudi daily Okaz, more than 80,000 "street children" can be found at any one time in the six oil-rich Gulf Arab monarchies -- Bahrain, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates.


*** ARCHIVES ***

Human Rights Reports » 2005 Country Reports on Human Rights Practices

U.S. Dept of State Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights, and Labor, March 8, 2006

[accessed 10 February 2020]

CHILDREN - The government has declared education, health, and general welfare of children a national priority. Primary school education for children, including non-citizen children, was free and universal but not compulsory. In 2003‑2004 the ratio of female to male enrollment was equal in primary education. Primary school enrollment was 65 percent.

Concluding Observations of the Committee on the Rights of the Child (CRC) [DOC]

UN Convention on the Rights of the Child, 29 September 2006$FILE/G0645119.doc

[accessed 25 September 2011]

[18] The Committee notes with appreciation the State party’s efforts to collect, analyse and disaggregate statistical data on children. However, the Committee regrets the lack of a central database on children and notes with concern the insufficient data concerning many areas covered by the Convention, particularly groups of children in need of special protection, for example, children affected by violence and abuse, including sexual abuse, children in alternative care, street children, migrant children and working children.

Summary record of the 728th meeting - Committee on the Rights of the Child CRC

UN Convention on the Rights of the Child, Oman, 05 October 2001

[accessed 29 June 2011]

[7] There were special children's homes for illegitimate children who did not know their parents; such children attended school in the normal way.

[8] Children could also be placed in foster homes.  As for the acceptance of illegitimate children in society, he knew of no reports of any particular problems in that area.

[40] Failure at school and dropouts were closely related.  In the past two years, it had been decided to adopt a system of continuous assessment, and it was hoped that those problems would be resolved.

Reports by States - Committee on the Rights of the Child (CRC)

UN Convention on the Rights of the Child, 28th session (Geneva, 24 September to 12 October 2001)

[accessed 29 June 2011]

OMAN - The Committee also questioned the fact that a father doesn’t have financial responsibility for a child born out of wedlock, as the Shari'a doesn’t recognize adultery. Furthermore, the Committee encouraged the State Party to raise the current age of criminal responsibility from 9 years of age.

Initial report of States parties - Committee on the Rights of the Child (CRC) [DOC]

UN Convention on the Rights of the Child, Oman, 5 July 1999$FILE/G0043279.doc

[accessed 29 June 2011]


F. Children without families (art. 2)

Ministerial Decision No. 96/88, based on the provisions of Royal Decree No. 85/92, establishes the National Committee for the Care of Children.  Paragraph C of section 1 of the ministerial decision identifies children in need of care and defines an alternative family.  Section 6 describes the conditions under which an alternative family is eligible for financial support for the child in order to ensure a stable family atmosphere suitable for his upbringing and moral development.

Crime and Society

Dr. Robert Winslow, San Diego State University, "A Comparative Criminology Tour of the World"

[accessed 29 June 2011]

CHILDREN: The Government has made the education, health, and general welfare of children a budgetary priority. Primary school education for children, including non-citizen children, is free and universal, but not compulsory. Most children attend school through secondary school, to age 18.

All material used herein reproduced under the fair use exception of 17 USC § 107 for noncommercial, nonprofit, and educational use.  PLEASE RESPECT COPYRIGHTS OF COMPONENT ARTICLES.  Cite this webpage as: Patt, Prof. Martin, "Street Children - Oman",, [accessed <date>]