Torture in  [Costa Rica]  [other countries]
Human Trafficking in  [Costa Rica]  [other countries]
Street Children in  [Costa Rica]  [other countries]
Child Prostitution in  [Costa Rica]  [other countries]
 

Human Trafficking & Modern-day Slavery

In the early years of the 21st Century                                              gvnet.com/humantrafficking/CostaRica.htm

Republic of Costa Rica

Costa Rica's basically stable economy depends on tourism, agriculture, and electronics exports.

Poverty has remained around 20% for nearly 20 years, and the strong social safety net that had been put into place by the government has eroded due to increased financial constraints on government expenditures. Immigration from Nicaragua has increasingly become a concern for the government. The estimated 300,000-500,000 Nicaraguans in Costa Rica legally and illegally are an important source of - mostly unskilled - labor, but also place heavy demands on the social welfare system.  [The World Factbook, U.S.C.I.A. 2009]

Description: Description: Description: CostaRica

Costa Rica is a source, transit, and destination country for women and children trafficked for the purpose of commercial sexual exploitation. To a lesser but increasing extent, Costa Rica is a source, transit, and destination country for men, women, and children trafficked into forced labor, particularly in agriculture, construction, restaurant work, the fishing industry, and as domestic servants.   - U.S. State Dept Trafficking in Persons Report, June, 2009   [full country report]

 

 

CAUTION:  The following links have been culled from the web to illuminate the situation in Costa Rica.  Some of these links may lead to websites that present allegations that are unsubstantiated or even false.  No attempt has been made to validate their authenticity or to verify their content.

*** FEATURED ARTICLE ***

Child smuggling is good business - official

South African Press Association SAPA & Agence France-Presse AFP, Guatemala City, September 24 2003

www.iol.co.za/news/world/child-smuggling-is-good-business-official-1.113611

[accessed 30 January 2011]

Guatemala City - A recently-busted child smuggling ring charged handsomely for children sent to prospective United States and Japanese parents, say investigating prosecutors.  Ringleaders charged US couples up to $80 000 (about R568 000) for a child, and Japanese couples around $40 000 (about R284 000), say the government prosecutors who are looking into 85 cases from the past two years.  On Sunday, Costa Rican investigators in San Jose rescued nine Guatemalan infants assumed to have been for sale to foreigners.

 

*** ARCHIVES ***

Child Trafficking Network Arrested in Costa Rica

Claire Saylor, Costa Rica News, March 4th, 2008

poundpuplegacy.org/node/15400

[accessed 9 September 2014]

At 6am this morning the Judicial Investigation Organization (OIJ) broke up another human trafficking ring, which was dedicated exclusively to the trafficking of minors less than 1 year of age. A total of 14 arrests were made, including a female Family Judge who had been working in Liberia for 15 years on cases including adoption of minors. Her computer and documents were confiscated from the OIJ in Liberia to undergo investigation in San Jose.

The judge was said to be facilitating the sale of the minors who were obtained either illegally or purchased from poor and indigenous families who did not want the children for around $50 each, for a portion of the profits. They then sold the children for an estimated $10,000. The group would contact pregnant women in free clinics who could not afford the children and then have them put up for adoption.

Protection Project - Costa Rica [DOC]

The Paul H. Nitze School of Advanced International Studies (SAIS), The Johns Hopkins University

www.protectionproject.org/human_rights_reports/report_documents/costa.doc

[Last accessed 2009]

FORMS OF TRAFFICKING - Costa Rica is believed to have the region’s largest child prostitution problem.  One report claims that 3,000 underage girls are prostituted in Costa Rica, many of them trafficked from Colombia, the Dominican Republic, Honduras, and Nicaragua.  Many children are promised work in Costa Rica, only to be sexually exploited when they arrive. Costa Rican children are believed to be trafficked to other countries for sexual exploitation purposes as well.

Authorities Probe Possible Child-Trafficking Network

Tim Rogers, The Tico Times Online, Daily Edition: San José, Costa Rica, September 23,  2003

At one time this article had been archived and may possibly still be accessible [here]

[accessed 4 September 2011]

Child Welfare Agency (PANI) and judicial authorities yesterday continued to investigate a possible international child-trafficking network operating out of Costa Rica, following a Sunday night police raid of an unlicensed adoption agency in La Uruca, San Jose where nine Guatemalan babies were found.

Child smuggling is good business - official

South African Press Association SAPA & Agence France-Presse AFP, Guatemala City, September 24 2003

www.iol.co.za/news/world/child-smuggling-is-good-business-official-1.113611

[accessed 30 January 2011]

Guatemala City - A recently-busted child smuggling ring charged handsomely for children sent to prospective United States and Japanese parents, say investigating prosecutors.  Ringleaders charged US couples up to $80 000 (about R568 000) for a child, and Japanese couples around $40 000 (about R284 000), say the government prosecutors who are looking into 85 cases from the past two years.  On Sunday, Costa Rican investigators in San Jose rescued nine Guatemalan infants assumed to have been for sale to foreigners.

Costa Rica: Female Labour Migrants and Trafficking in Women and Children [PDF]

Ana Isabel García, Manuel Barahona, Carlos Castro & Enrique Gomáriz, GENPROM Working Paper No. 2, Series on Women and Migration, Gender Promotion Programme, International Labour Office Geneva, 12/6/2002

www.ilo.org/wcmsp5/groups/public/---ed_emp/documents/publication/wcms_117928.pdf

[accessed 30 January 2011]

[page 3]  FOREWORD - Changing labour markets with globalization have increased both opportunities and pressures for women to migrate. The migration process and employment in a country of which they are not nationals can enhance women’s earning opportunities, autonomy and empowerment, and thereby change gender roles and responsibilities and contribute to gender equality. But they also expose women to serious violation of their human rights. Whether in the recruitment stage, the journey or living and working in another country, women migrant workers, especially those in irregular situations, are vulnerable to harassment, intimidation or threats to themselves and their families, economic and sexual exploitation, racial discriminatio n and xenophobia, poor working conditions, increased health risks and other forms of abuse, including trafficking into forced labour, debt bondage, involuntary servitude and situations of captivity.

The Department of Labor’s 2004 Findings on the Worst Forms of Child Labor

U.S. Dept of Labor Bureau of International Labor Affairs, 2005

www.dol.gov/ilab/media/reports/iclp/tda2004/costa-rica.htm

[accessed 30 January 2011]

INCIDENCE AND NATURE OF CHILD LABOR - The commercial sexual exploitation of children is a continuing problem in Costa Rica, and is often associated with the country’s sex tourism industry.  Costa Rica is a transit and destination point for children trafficked for purposes of commercial sexual exploitation, including prostitution.  Most trafficking victims originate from Colombia, the Dominican Republic, Nicaragua, Panama, as well as from Russia, the Philippines, Romania, Eastern Europe, and Ecuador. Although most foreign victims remain in Costa Rica, traffickers also attempt to transport them onward to the U.S. and Canada.

Human Rights Reports » 2005 Country Reports on Human Rights Practices

U.S. Dept of State Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights, and Labor, March 8, 2006

www.state.gov/g/drl/rls/hrrpt/2005/61722.htm

[accessed 30 January 2011]

TRAFFICKING IN PERSONS – Although the law prohibits the trafficking of women and minors for the purpose of prostitution or forced labor, there is no comprehensive legislation to address all forms of trafficking. The lack of a comprehensive anti-trafficking law inhibited the government's ability to prosecute and convict traffickers, and prosecutors relied on several criminal statutes to bring traffickers to justice. There were reports that persons were trafficked to, from, and within the country, most often for commercial sexual exploitation.

Concluding Observations of the Committee on the Rights of the Child (CRC)

UN Convention on the Rights of the Child, 3 June 2005

www1.umn.edu/humanrts/crc/costarica2005.html

[accessed 30 January 2011]

[35] The Committee welcomes the proposed amendment of the Adoption Act as a follow up to its previous recommendation to review its legislation in order to bring it in full compliance with article 21 of the Convention and the 1993 Hague Convention on the Protection of Children and Cooperation in Respect of Inter-country Adoption. But it remains concerned that this bill is still pending with the Legislative Assembly and that the practice of private or direct adoption which results in cases of trafficking is still not effectively prohibited.

Freedom House Country Report - Political Rights: 1   Civil Liberties: 1   Status: Free

2009 Edition

www.freedomhouse.org/report/freedom-world/2009/costa-rica

[accessed 26 June 2012]

Human Rights Overview by Human Rights Watch – Defending Human Rights Worldwide

www.hrw.org/americas/costa-rica

[accessed 30 January 2011]

All material used herein reproduced under the fair use exception of 17 USC § 107 for noncommercial, nonprofit, and educational use.  PLEASE RESPECT COPYRIGHTS OF COMPONENT ARTICLES.  Cite this webpage as: Patt, Prof. Martin, "Human Trafficking & Modern-day Slavery – Costa Rica", http://gvnet.com/humantrafficking/CostaRica.htm, [link access verified <date>]

 

 

Torture in  [Costa Rica]  [other countries]
Human Trafficking in  [Costa Rica]  [other countries]
Street Children in  [Costa Rica]  [other countries]
Child Prostitution in  [Costa Rica]  [other countries]