Torture in  [Libya]  [other countries]
Human Trafficking in  [Libya]  [other countries]
Street Children in  [Libya]  [other countries]
Child Prostitution in  [Libya]  [other countries]
 

Human Trafficking & Modern-day Slavery

In the early years of the 21st Century                                                          gvnet.com/humantrafficking/Libya.htm

Great Socialist People's

Libyan Arab Jamahiriya (Libya)

The Libyan economy depends primarily upon revenues from the oil sector, which contribute about 95% of export earnings, about one-quarter of GDP, and 60% of public sector wages.

Substantial revenues from the energy sector coupled with a small population give Libya one of the highest per capita GDPs in Africa, but little of this income flows down to the lower orders of society.  [The World Factbook, U.S.C.I.A. 2009]

Description: Description: Description: Description: Libya

Libya is a transit and destination country for men and women from sub-Saharan Africa and Asia trafficked for the purposes of forced labor and commercial sexual exploitation. Migrants typically seek employment in Libya as laborers and domestic employees or transit Libya en route to Europe.

In some cases, smuggling debts and illegal status leave migrants vulnerable to coercion, resulting in cases of forced prostitution and forced labor; employers of irregular migrants sometimes withhold payment or travel documents. As in previous years, there were reports that women from sub-Saharan Africa were trafficked to Libya for the purposes of commercial sexual exploitation. - U.S. State Dept Trafficking in Persons Report, June, 2009  [full country report]

 

CAUTION:  The following links have been culled from the web to illuminate the situation in Libya.  Some of these links may lead to websites that present allegations that are unsubstantiated or even false.  No attempt has been made to validate their authenticity or to verify their content.

*** FEATURED ARTICLE ***

Libya’s “UN-Human” Rights Record Oil money trumps slavery and human rights in UN Election

Tommy Calvert, Jr., Chief of External Operations, American Anti-Slavery Group, January 29, 2003

jmm.aaa.net.au/articles/10638.htm

[accessed 18 February 2011]

Many of you are aware of the plight of southern Sudanese who are enslaved in Sudan. Most of you are probably not aware that some of these slaves end up in Libya and are sold into bondage. The Libyan government has not put a stop to these practices and, with Libya's dismal human rights record, we are hardly surprised.

Not only does Libya have a long record of supporting international terrorism but Libya has also terrorized its own people through torture, persecution of political opposition, suppression of workers rights, and arbitrary prison detainment of innocent people considered a threat to the state.   How can a nation that does not actively prevent the sale of slaves be permitted to chair the UN Commission on Human Rights?

 

*** ARCHIVES ***

Migrants in Libya risk rape and torture before reaching Mediterranean

Louisa Loveluck, The Telegraph, Cairo, 11 May 2015

www.telegraph.co.uk/news/worldnews/africaandindianocean/libya/11596262/Migrants-in-Libya-risk-rape-and-torture-before-reaching-Mediterranean.html

[accessed 19 May 2015]

Many would-be migrants are handed over to criminal groups when they enter Libya, according to the report by Amnesty International, published as the European Union prepares to secure a UN mandate for armed action in the country’s territorial waters.

The smugglers or criminal groups sometimes hold their charges for ransom, extracting payment through torture, the report says. Those who are unable to pay are often held as slaves.

A 17-year-old boy from Ivory Coast is quoted as saying, when he told his captor that he had no family members left alive to pay a ransom, the beatings intensified and he was told: “You will join them in death if you don’t pay.”

State Department Reports on the Use of Child Soldiers

Victoria Garcia, Center for Defense Information CDI, April 14, 2004

ACCESS IS RESTRICTED - Click [here] to access the article.  Its URL is not displayed because of its length

[accessed 18 February 2011]

[scroll down]

LIBYA - Despite the Penal Code's prohibition on slavery, citizens have been implicated in the purchase of Sudanese slaves, mainly southern Sudanese women and children, who were captured by Sudanese government troops in the ongoing civil war in Sudan.

Libya’s “UN-Human” Rights Record Oil money trumps slavery and human rights in UN Election

Tommy Calvert, Jr., Chief of External Operations, American Anti-Slavery Group, January 29, 2003

jmm.aaa.net.au/articles/10638.htm

[accessed 18 February 2011]

Many of you are aware of the plight of southern Sudanese who are enslaved in Sudan. Most of you are probably not aware that some of these slaves end up in Libya and are sold into bondage. The Libyan government has not put a stop to these practices and, with Libya's dismal human rights record, we are hardly surprised.

Not only does Libya have a long record of supporting international terrorism but Libya has also terrorized its own people through torture, persecution of political opposition, suppression of workers rights, and arbitrary prison detainment of innocent people considered a threat to the state.   How can a nation that does not actively prevent the sale of slaves be permitted to chair the UN Commission on Human Rights?

Human Rights Reports » 2005 Country Reports on Human Rights Practices

U.S. Dept of State Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights, and Labor, March 8, 2006

www.state.gov/g/drl/rls/hrrpt/2005/61694.htm

[accessed 18 February 2011]

TRAFFICKING IN PERSONS – Women were trafficked through the country from Africa to Central Europe. It was also considered a destination country for victims from Africa and Asia trafficked for sexual and labor exploitation. Moroccan women reportedly were trafficked to the capital to work as prostitutes. The government engaged in joint collaborations with other affected countries to combat human trafficking.

Concluding Observations of the Committee on the Rights of the Child (CRC)

UN Convention on the Rights of the Child, 6 June 2003

www1.umn.edu/humanrts/crc/libyanarabjamahiriya2003.html

[accessed 18 February 2011]

[43] The Committee is concerned about reports of trafficking of children to the State party for the purposes of prostitution and slavery.  The Committee is concerned that there is a lack of information and awareness of the trafficking and prostitution of children.

The Protection Project - Libya

The Paul H. Nitze School of Advanced International Studies (SAIS), The Johns Hopkins University

www.protectionproject.org/human_rights_reports/report_documents/libya.doc

[accessed 2009]

NEW WEBSITE at www.protectionproject.org/country-reports/

[accessed 22 February 2016]

FACTORS THAT CONTRIBUTE TO THE TRAFFICKING INFRASTRUCTURE - Libya’s location on the southern Mediterranean coast makes it an ideal transit country for traffickers or smugglers on their way to Europe. Libya’s long and unpoliced desert borders allow people from African countries to be brought into the country undetected,  and Libya’s 2,000-kilometer northern coastal border allows traffickers direct sea access to Europe.

Freedom House Country Report - Political Rights: 7   Civil Liberties: 7   Status: Not Free

2009 Edition

www.freedomhouse.org/report/freedom-world/2009/libya

[accessed 26 June 2012]

Human Rights Overview

Human Rights Watch

www.hrw.org/middle-eastn-africa/libya

[accessed 18 February 2011]

U.S. Library of Congress - Country Study

Library of Congress Call Number DT215 .L533 1988

lcweb2.loc.gov/frd/cs/lytoc.html

[accessed 18 February 2011]

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Torture in  [Libya]  [other countries]
Human Trafficking in  [Libya]  [other countries]
Street Children in  [Libya]  [other countries]
Child Prostitution in  [Libya]  [other countries]