Torture in  [Portugal]  [other countries]
Human Trafficking in  [Portugal]  [other countries]
Street Children in  [Portugal]  [other countries]
Child Prostitution in  [Portugal]  [other countries]
 

Human Trafficking & Modern-day Slavery

In the early years of the 21st Century                                                  gvnet.com/humantrafficking/Portugal.htm

Portuguese Republic (Portugal)

Portugal has become a diversified and increasingly service-based economy since joining the European Community in 1986.

GDP per capita stands at roughly two-thirds of the EU-27 average. A poor educational system, in particular, has been an obstacle to greater productivity and growth.  [The World Factbook, U.S.C.I.A. 2009]

Description: Description: Description: Portugal

Portugal is a destination, transit, and a source country for women, men, and children trafficked from Brazil, and to a lesser extent, from Ukraine, Moldova, Russia, Romania, and Africa for the purpose of commercial sexual exploitation and forced labor. The majority of trafficking victims identified in Portugal are Brazilian women trafficked for commercial sexual exploitation. Male victims from Eastern European countries are trafficked for forced labor into the farming and construction industries. According to a 2008 ILO Report, Portuguese men are also trafficked to Western Europe for forced labor. Trafficking victims also transit through Portugal to other European countries. There are an estimated 50-100 Roma children in Portugal, brought by family networks; some are trafficked for the purpose of forced begging. - U.S. State Dept Trafficking in Persons Report, June, 2009 [full country report]

 

CAUTION:  The following links have been culled from the web to illuminate the situation in Portugal.  Some of these links may lead to websites that present allegations that are unsubstantiated or even false.  No attempt has been made to validate their authenticity or to verify their content.

*** FEATURED ARTICLE ***

PORTUGAL-BRAZIL: Human Trafficking and Marriages - Another Link

Mario de Queiroz, Inter Press Service News Agency IPS, Lisbon, Oct 11, 2006

www.ipsnews.net/news.asp?idnews=35071

[accessed 19 December 2010]

www.ipsnews.net/2006/10/portugal-brazil-human-trafficking-and-marriages-another-link/

[accessed 26 September 2016]

Brazil’s influence in Portugal is not limited to music, television programming, football, cuisine and tropical beach vacations.

Today it is also the main source of victims of human trafficking to Portugal, women who fall into prostitution and sexual exploitation networks, as well as a source of large numbers of women who marry Portuguese men.  Brazil is the favourite country for traffickers who form part of the prostitution networks that have mushroomed in Portugal, which is a springboard to wealthier European Union destinations, according to studies presented at a seminar organised Monday and Tuesday by the governmental Portuguese Youth Institute (IPJ).

*** ARCHIVES ***

OSCE is a important player to combat against human trafficking

UzReport, 12 September 2007

www.turkishweekly.net/news/48455/osce-is-a-important-player-to-combat-against-human-trafficking.html

[accessed 19 December 2010]

"In Portugal, we are reviewing the definition of trafficking to expand it from transnational trafficking to encompass internal trafficking," he said, adding that the new Immigration Law allows foreign victims to get a one-year residency permit.  He also said Portugal had created a centre for trafficking monitoring and proposed that a similar centre be created for trafficking monitoring across Europe.

Consideration of reports submitted by States parties under Article 18 of the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women [PDF]

Seventh periodic report of States parties -- Portugal

UN Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination against Women, Report CEDAW/C/PRT/7, 29 January 2008

www.iwraw-ap.org/resources/pdf/42_official_documents/portugalPRT7.pdf

[accessed 8 September 2014]

[page 23]

RESEARCH AND MONITORING - The following are some of the conclusions reached by the first study in Portugal on trafficking in women for sexual exploitation:

Portugal is one of the destinations in Western Europe, although the incidence is considered medium rather than high. The picture may, however, be blacker because of the hidden nature of the problem.

The data indicate that, in Portugal, most victims of trafficking for sexual exploitation are Brazilian, followed by women from Eastern Europe (especially Romania) and Africa, with the numbers of Nigerian women increasing. The women come from fragile social settings and they are usually poor and have dependents, especially children, which makes them particularly vulnerable to trafficking networks. These women are young, usually no older than 35. Their youth has to do with the requirements of clients, and therefore of pimps, and there are more and more cases involving minors, a situation that can be expected to worsen further.

Data on the profile of traffickers show that, as a rule, Portuguese nationals are involved in these networks. In most cases they own the establishments and coordinate activities and the resulting profits. They also perform other jobs such as minders and carriers (e.g. drivers or even taxi drivers). Foreigners are usually involved as the victims’ recruiters, carriers and sometimes controllers

CAIM - Cooperation, Action, Investigation, World View

The UN Secretary-General's database on violence against women, 2004

sgdatabase.unwomen.org/searchDetail.action?measureId=22423&baseHREF=country&baseHREFId=1053

[accessed 28 June 2013]

In order to promote cooperation in combating trafficking in women for sexual exploitation and to support and protect its victims, Portugal has fostered public and private institutions consolidating and implementing projects funded by European Union (EU) initiatives, such as CAIM - Cooperação/Acção Investigação/Mundivisão [Cooperation, Action, Investigation, World View] funded by the EU EQUAL Initiative, which had its greatest impact between 2004 and 2008.

CAIM is a groundbreaking project in Portugal and involves a partnership taking multiple actions to deal with the problem of trafficking. One of the institutions was a non-governmental organization - the Family Planning Association.

In addition to articles in national newspapers and participation in television programmes, the CAIM project for combating trafficking in women for sexual exploitation, waged campaigns aimed at present and future media professionals. The first phase included awareness-raising sessions on the problem for 30 journalists and 50 future journalists. In the second phase, the media professionals had the opportunity to design spots and compete to win a prize awarded by the project. Two of the 10 works created were chosen and were widely broadcasted in October 2007.

PORTUGAL-BRAZIL: Human Trafficking and Marriages - Another Link

Mario de Queiroz, Inter Press Service News Agency IPS, Lisbon, Oct 11, 2006

www.ipsnews.net/news.asp?idnews=35071

[accessed 19 December 2010]

www.ipsnews.net/2006/10/portugal-brazil-human-trafficking-and-marriages-another-link/

[accessed 26 September 2016]

Brazil’s influence in Portugal is not limited to music, television programming, football, cuisine and tropical beach vacations.

Today it is also the main source of victims of human trafficking to Portugal, women who fall into prostitution and sexual exploitation networks, as well as a source of large numbers of women who marry Portuguese men.  Brazil is the favourite country for traffickers who form part of the prostitution networks that have mushroomed in Portugal, which is a springboard to wealthier European Union destinations, according to studies presented at a seminar organised Monday and Tuesday by the governmental Portuguese Youth Institute (IPJ).

Migrant trafficking and human smuggling: the situation in Portugal

Published as Chapter 4 in a book by Bonifazi et al, INTERNATIONAL MIGRATION IN EUROPE, Amsterdam University Press, 2008

Click [here] to access the article.  Its URL is not displayed because of its length

[accessed 28 June 2013]

Smuggling and trafficking of migrants is a relatively new phenomenon in Portugal. Foreign immigration, in itself, has begun in significant numbers in the late 1970s. Only in the late 1980s frequent situations of irregular and illegal migration occurred, and only in the late 1990s smuggling and/or trafficking became a major concern of the general population and public authorities. It was particularly the most recent waves of foreign immigration to the country, namely the one coming from Eastern Europe and the “second wave” of Brazilian immigration, that became involved with those irregular forms of channelling migrants.

The Protection Project - Portugal [DOC]

The Paul H. Nitze School of Advanced International Studies (SAIS), The Johns Hopkins University

www.protectionproject.org/human_rights_reports/report_documents/portugal.doc

[accessed 2009]

FACTORS THAT CONTRIBUTE TO THE TRAFFICKING INFRASTRUCTURE - Organized crime is a large contributor to trafficking in Portugal. It was reported in 2000 that as many as 75,000 women from Brazil had been smuggled into European countries by way of Portugal in a huge operation involving up to 100 organized crime gangs. Criminal networks have been responsible for trafficking Brazilian women through Portugal to the United Kingdom and for trafficking women from multiple countries into Portugal.

FORMS OF TRAFFICKING - Women are trafficked to Portugal for prostitution. In 2001, Brazilian authorities investigated possible Brazilian police involvement in a smuggling ring that sent Brazilian women to Spain and Portugal, where they were forced into prostitution. Authorities believed that the operation, which involved mostly minors, was tied to the mafia on the Iberian Peninsula. An estimated 500 Brazilian women were victims of the ring.

Report Details Mixed Human Trafficking Picture in Europe, Eurasia

Jeffrey Thomas, The Washington File, Bureau of International Information Programs, U.S. Department of State, July 6, 2006

news.findlaw.com/wash/s/20060606/200606061819131.html

[accessed 19 December 2010]

Both the Czech Republic and Portugal, which in 2005 were rated Tier 1 countries, have been dropped to Tier 2. In the Czech Republic, there were “inadequate sentences for traffickers,” the report said, and it also cited concerns over forced labor. Portugal “failed to prescribe punishment sufficiently stringent to deter trafficking” and “virtually all convictions for trafficking resulted in suspended sentences in 2004,” the report said.

Human Trafficking: Data Collection, Current Trends and Institutional Approaches [PDF]

João Peixoto, 11th International Metropolis Conference, Lisbon, 2-6 October 2006

www.ceg.ul.pt/metropolis2006/WorkshopPresentations/Gulbenkian/JoaoPeixoto_metropolis2006.pdf

[accessed 19 December 2010]

VICTIMS -

– Mostly men targeted for low skilled jobs in civil construction

– Also some women, targeted for domestic service and, occasionally, pushed for the sex industry.

Counter Trafficking Training for Religious Personnel, November 6, 2006

United States Embassy to the Holy See, 6 November 2006

At one time this article had been archived and may possibly still be accessible [here]

[accessed 28 August 2011]

Most recently, nearly 40 nuns from Portuguese speaking countries were given intensive training in Lisbon by IOM in a bid to strengthen their ability to help victims of human trafficking. The nuns, from Angola, Brazil, Guinea Bissau, S. Tomé and Príncipe, Cape Verde, Mozambique and Portugal, received general information on human trafficking with a focus on the social implications of human trafficking, criminal networks and their recruitment methods, how to empower victims and how to protect staff involved in assistance programs from psychological burn-out.

Technology Is a Double-Edged Sword: Illegal Human Trafficking in the Information Age

Judge Mohamed CHAWKI and Dr. Mohamed WAHAB, Computer Crime Research Center, March 05, 2005

www.crime-research.org/articles/Mohamed2/4

[accessed 19 December 2010]

In Portugal, a new immigration Act criminalizes new categories of trafficking and increases penalties for traffickers, but laws on false documentation, extortion, fraud and other criminal activities were also used to prosecute and convict traffickers. According to the Border and Foreigner Service (SEF), 329 trafficking-related investigations were undertaken in 2002-03, of these, four Ukrainians were sentenced from two and a half to nine years for related crimes; 3 Portuguese citizens were sentenced between seven and 15 years for involvement in a human trafficking network of 3,000 victims; and 16 defendants were charged with forced labor, trafficking and kidnapping of more than 300 Brazilian and Moldovan women forced into prostitution.

Freedom House Country Report - Political Rights: 1   Civil Liberties: 1   Status: Free

2009 Edition

www.freedomhouse.org/report/freedom-world/2009/portugal

[accessed 27 June 2012]

Human Rights Overview

Human Rights Watch

www.hrw.org/europecentral-asia/portugal

[accessed 19 December 2010]

U.S. Library of Congress - Country Study

Library of Congress Call Number DP517 .P626 1993

www.loc.gov/collections/country-studies/?q=DP517+.P626+

[accessed 15 June 2017]

Portugal braced as child prostitution ring trial opens

Giles Tremlett and agencies in Lisbon, The Guardian, 26 November 2004

www.guardian.co.uk/world/2004/nov/26/childprotection.uk

[accessed 19 December 2010]

Portugal's highest-profile trial for years began at a Lisbon court yesterday with a leading television presenter, a former ambassador and five others accused of involvement in a child prostitution ring which allegedly abused orphanage children over a period of 20 years.

Human Rights Reports » 2005 Country Reports on Human Rights Practices

U.S. Dept of State Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights, and Labor, March 8, 2006

www.state.gov/g/drl/rls/hrrpt/2005/61669.htm

[accessed 19 December 2010]

TRAFFICKING IN PERSONS – The country is a destination for men and women trafficked from Ukraine, Moldova, Russia, Romania, and Brazil for the purposes of forced labor and sexual exploitation. There were reports that immigrant children were used for street begging. Some trafficking victims were transited through the country to other European countries. Most trafficked persons were Eastern European males who ended up working in construction or in other low-wage industries, such as textile manufacturing, woodworking, metalworking, and marble cutting. Some trafficked women (mostly from Eastern Europe and Brazil) worked as prostitutes. Trafficked persons usually lived in hiding in poor conditions, often with little or no sanitation facilities and in cramped spaces. Some trafficked workers were not paid, and some were "housed" within the factory or construction site. Moldovan, Russian, and Ukrainian organized crime groups reportedly conducted most of the trafficking of Eastern Europeans. The traffickers frequently demanded additional payments and a share of earnings following their victims' arrival in the country, usually under threat of physical harm. They often withheld the identification documents of the trafficked persons and threatened to harm family members who remained in the country of origin.

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Torture in  [Portugal]  [other countries]
Human Trafficking in  [Portugal]  [other countries]
Street Children in  [Portugal]  [other countries]
Child Prostitution in  [Portugal]  [other countries]