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In the early years of the 21st Century

Description: Description: Description: Portugal

CAUTION:  The following links and accompanying text have been culled from the web to illuminate the situation in Portugal in the early years of the 21st Century.  Some of these links may lead to websites that present allegations that are unsubstantiated, misleading or even false.   No attempt has been made to validate their authenticity or to verify their content.



If you are looking for material to use in a term-paper, you are advised to scan the postings on this page and others to see which aspects of poverty are of particular interest to you.  You might be interested in exploring the relationship between distribution of labor and per-capita GDP, for example.  Perhaps your paper could focus on life expectancy or infant mortality.  Other factors of interest might be unemployment, literacy, access to basic services, etc.  On the other hand, you might choose to include some of the possible outgrowths of poverty such as Human Trafficking, Street Children, or even Prostitution.  There is a lot to the subject of Poverty.  Scan other countries as well as this one.  Draw comparisons between activity in adjacent countries and/or regions.  Meanwhile, check out some of the Term-Paper resources that are available on-line.


Check out some of the Resources for Teachers attached to this website.

*** Extreme Weather ***

Portugal faces the impact of climate change, including more intense extreme weather events like heatwaves, droughts, and flooding. These events affect the population, agriculture, and the economy. Observational evidence suggests that heatwaves are occurring more frequently across the Iberian Peninsula, affecting both Portugal and Spain.adapted from Microsoft BING Copilot

*** ARCHIVES ***

The World Factbook - Portugal

U.S. Central Intelligence Agency CIA

[accessed 16 November 2020]

World Factbook website has moved to --->

[accessed 7January 2021]

ECONOMIC OVERVIEW - suffered recurring economic crises during most of the 20th century beginning a transformation towards a more liberal economic order, taking advantage of its rich natural resources, highly literate population, export-orientation, and diversified industry

GDP - per capita (PPP): $30,500 (2017 est.)

Labor force - by occupation:

agriculture: 8.6%

industry: 23.9%

services: 67.5% (2014 est.)

Unemployment rate: 8.9% (2017 est.)

Population below poverty line: 19% (2015 est.)

Maternal mortality rate: 8 deaths/100,000 live births (2017 est.)

Infant mortality rate: total: 2.6 deaths/1,000 live births

Life expectancy at birth: total population: 81.1 years

Drinking water source: improved: total: 100% of population

Physicians density: 5.12 physicians/1,000 population (2017)

Sanitation facility access: improved: total: 100% of population

Electricity access: electrification - total population: 100% (2016)

The Borgen Project - Portugal

[accessed 1 March 2021]

The Borgen Project works with U.S. leaders to utilize the United States’ platform behind efforts toward improving living conditions for the world’s poor.  It is an innovative, national campaign that is working to make poverty a focus of U.S. foreign policy.  It believes that leaders of the most powerful nation on earth should be doing more to address global poverty. From ending segregation to providing women with the right to vote, nearly every wrong ever righted in history was achieved through advocacy. The Borgen Project addresses the big picture, operating at the political level advancing policies and programs that improve living conditions for those living on less than $1 per day.

~ Coldfront: Energy Poverty In Portugal

~ 8 Facts About Healthcare In Portugal

~ 8 Facts About Homelessness In Portugal

~ Top 10 Facts About Living Conditions In Portugal

~ 10 Facts About Sustainability In Portugal

~ Top 10 Facts About Poverty In Portugal

~ Common Diseases In Portugal

~ Initiatives On Water Quality In Portugal

~ 10 Facts About Portugal Refugees

The World Bank in Portugal

[accessed 21 April 2021]

Portugal supports international efforts to promote human and economic development, reduce poverty, and boost shared prosperity around the world.

Looking back a few years …

Advameg, Inc., Encyclopedia of the Nations

[accessed 7 January 2021]

Manufacturing and construction together accounted for 29% of Portugal's GDP in 2001. The largest industries are clothing, textiles, footwear, and food processing, wood pulp, paper, and cork; metal working; oil refining; chemicals; fish canning; wine and tourism. Agriculture, forestry, hunting and fishing employed 12.5% of the work force in 2000 (down from 26.2% in 1971) but contributed about 4% of the GDP. The percent of the labor force in services rose from 39% in 1971 to 52.4% in 2000, accounting for about 65% of GDP. Traditionally, productivity has been hampered by low investment and a lack of machinery and fertilizers.

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