Torture in  [Lebanon]  [other countries]
Human Trafficking in  [Lebanon]  [other countries]
Street Children in  [Lebanon]  [other countries]
Child Prostitution in  [Lebanon]  [other countries]
 

Human Trafficking & Modern-day Slavery

In the early years of the 21st Century                                              gvnet.com/humantrafficking/Lebanon.htm

Republic of Lebanon

Lebanon has a free-market economy and a strong laissez-faire commercial tradition. The government does not restrict foreign investment; however, the investment climate suffers from red tape, corruption, arbitrary licensing decisions, high taxes, tariffs, and fees, archaic legislation, and weak intellectual property rights. The Lebanese economy is service-oriented; main growth sectors include banking and tourism.  [The World Factbook, U.S.C.I.A. 2009]

Description: Description: Description: Lebanon

Lebanon is a destination for Asian and African women trafficked for the purpose of domestic servitude, and for women from Eastern Europe and the former Soviet Union trafficked for the purpose of commercial sexual exploitation. Lebanese children are trafficked within the country for the purpose of forced labor (mostly street vending), and sexual exploitation. Women from Sri Lanka, the Philippines, and Ethiopia who travel to Lebanon legally to work as household servants often find themselves in conditions of forced labor through withholding of passports, non-payment of wages, restrictions on movement, threats, and physical or sexual assault. In some cases, employers have kept foreign domestics confined in houses for years.   - U.S. State Dept Trafficking in Persons Report, June, 2009   [full country report]

 

 

CAUTION:  The following links have been culled from the web to illuminate the situation in Lebanon.  Some of these links may lead to websites that present allegations that are unsubstantiated or even false.  No attempt has been made to validate their authenticity or to verify their content.

*** FEATURED ARTICLE ***

Seeking Hemalatha - Letter from Lebanon - Sri Lankan domestic missing in Lebanon

Reem Haddad, New Internationalist, Nov, 2002

www.newint.org/columns/letters-from/2002/11/01/hemalatha/

[accessed 17 August 2012]

'Her name is Hemalatha Mendis,' explained one official. 'We received these photographs this morning. We don't know for sure where she is but we believe she is being held at the agency which brought her to the country.  Hundreds of such agencies have sprung up in Lebanon over the past few years. They bring in women from Sri Lanka, the Philippines or Ethiopia to work as maids and are notorious for abusing the women.

Later that day I met with Hemalatha. Her employer had described her as 'a problem' and had wanted to return her to the agency. This prompted the agency owner to 'take out a big stick and start beating my back, my arms and my legs,' she said. 'I tried to cover my body but I couldn't. I was crying and my head began to throb with pain.  Once finished, the owner turned to the employer and said: 'If you have any more problems with her just bring her to me.'

 

*** ARCHIVES ***

LEBANON: Sex trafficking remains a hidden crime

Raed Rafei in Beirut, Los Angeles Times, October 22, 2008

latimesblogs.latimes.com/babylonbeyond/2008/10/lebanon-human-t.html

[accessed 17 February 2011]

They are lured into Lebanon to work as models, masseuses or dancers in nightclubs. But some of these young Eastern European women, especially from Moldova, are sold by criminal networks to brothels, where they are forced to work as prostitutes.

Victims are afraid to speak out, dreading retribution or stigmatization. Many simply do not know their rights. Silence perpetuates the cycle of exploitation.

Expert on Trafficking in Persons Ends Visit to Lebanon

Sigma Huda, Special Rapporteur of the United Nations Commission on Human Rights on trafficking in persons, especially women and children, statement to media, September 15, 2005

www.humantrafficking.org/updates/314

[accessed 17 February 2011]

In the course of my mission, I have found that a significant number of human beings, women in the majority, are trafficked into and within Lebanon. Unfortunately, their plight seems to remain unknown to significant parts of Lebanese society, perhaps because the victims tend to be foreign nationals or are considered to be of low social status. Lebanon's victims of trafficking are often invisible victims because they suffer in places that remain hidden to the public eye such as private homes or hotel rooms.

In Contempt of Fate - From Sri Lanka to Lebanon: Sold into Slavery

Beatrice Fernando, iAbolish.com, July 19, 2005

interimagefilms.blogspot.com/2005/07/beatrice-fernando.html

[accessed 17 February 2011]

When Beatrice Fernando was 23 years old, she contracted with an agency to work in Lebanon as a housemaid, promised decent wages to provide for her son and family in Sri Lanka. Upon arriving in Lebanon, Beatrice was sold to a wealthy Beirut woman who beat, starved, and verbally abused her. After months of back-breaking labor and endless torture, Beatrice escaped by the only means available - she jumped off the fourth story balcony of her ritzy apartment.

FI Organises Grassroots Human Trafficking and Forced Labour Workshop

Franciscans International, Geneva, 25 June 2004

www.franciscansinternational.org/news/article.php?id=453

At one time this article had been archived and may possibly still be accessible [here]

Sr. Herminia Cruz, FMM, a Philippine sister, has lived and worked in the Middle East for 24 years. In Lebanon, like other countries who “host” trafficked persons, human rights violations are common occurrences. Victims frequently experience sexual and physical abuse, confiscation of their identity documents and confinement.  “Migrant workers are crying for help; I hope that I can give them justice through their rights being respected. We need to coordinate more with NGOs, especially FI,” the Franciscan sister reflected.

Seeking Hemalatha - Letter from Lebanon - Sri Lankan domestic missing in Lebanon

Reem Haddad, New Internationalist, Nov, 2002

www.newint.org/columns/letters-from/2002/11/01/hemalatha/

[accessed 17 August 2012]

'Her name is Hemalatha Mendis,' explained one official. 'We received these photographs this morning. We don't know for sure where she is but we believe she is being held at the agency which brought her to the country.  Hundreds of such agencies have sprung up in Lebanon over the past few years. They bring in women from Sri Lanka, the Philippines or Ethiopia to work as maids and are notorious for abusing the women.

Later that day I met with Hemalatha. Her employer had described her as 'a problem' and had wanted to return her to the agency. This prompted the agency owner to 'take out a big stick and start beating my back, my arms and my legs,' she said. 'I tried to cover my body but I couldn't. I was crying and my head began to throb with pain.  Once finished, the owner turned to the employer and said: 'If you have any more problems with her just bring her to me.'

Work Worries - Women going abroad to work is leading to more human trafficking

Lanka Business Online, 04 Mar 2005

www.lankabusinessonline.com/fullstory.php?nid=1777048731

[accessed 17 February 2011]

ftp.hortondebate.com/news/women-going-abroad-to-work-is-leading-to-more-human-trafficking/1777048731

[accessed 20 September 2016]

Sri Lankan women are trafficked to Lebanon, Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, the United Arab Emirates, Bahrain and Qatar, mainly as sex workers or for forced labor.

The Department of Labor’s 2004 Findings on the Worst Forms of Child Labor

U.S. Dept of Labor Bureau of International Labor Affairs, 2005

www.dol.gov/ilab/media/reports/iclp/tda2004/lebanon.htm

[accessed 17 February 2011]

INCIDENCE AND NATURE OF CHILD LABOR - There have been reported cases of child prostitution and other situations that amount to forced labor.  Although Lebanon is a destination country for women trafficked from Africa, Asia, Eastern Europe and the former Soviet Union for the purposes of involuntary domestic servitude and prostitution, there are no official government reports of child trafficking in the country.

Human Rights Reports » 2005 Country Reports on Human Rights Practices

U.S. Dept of State Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights, and Labor, March 8, 2006

www.state.gov/g/drl/rls/hrrpt/2005/61693.htm

[accessed 17 February 2011]

TRAFFICKING IN PERSONS – The country was a destination for East European and Russian women, contracted as dancers in adult clubs. Most of these women engaged in voluntary illegal prostitution and were at risk as targets of abuse.

The country was also a destination for women from Africa and Asia, usually contracted as household workers. Women are required by law to have good faith work contracts and sponsors, but often found themselves in coercive work situations with little practical legal recourse

Restrictions of movement and withholding of passports were common practice. A small number of exploited foreign workers won cases against their employers. Non-judicial action resolved the majority of these cases. As a result of that process, workers frequently were repatriated without further judicial action. A few cases were referred to the judiciary for further action, although the government took minimal steps to prosecute traffickers.

Freedom House Country Report - Political Rights: 5   Civil Liberties: 4   Status: Partly Free

2009 Edition

www.freedomhouse.org/report/freedom-world/2009/lebanon

[accessed 26 June 2012]

Human Rights Overview

Human Rights Watch

www.hrw.org/middle-eastn-africa/lebanon

[accessed 17 February 2011]

U.S. Library of Congress - Country Study

Library of Congress Call Number DS80 .L39 1989

www.loc.gov/collections/country-studies/?q=DS80+.L39

[accessed 11 June 2017]

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Torture in  [Lebanon]  [other countries]
Human Trafficking in  [Lebanon]  [other countries]
Street Children in  [Lebanon]  [other countries]
Child Prostitution in  [Lebanon]  [other countries]