Torture in  [Bolivia]  [other countries]
Human Trafficking in  [Bolivia]  [other countries]
Street Children in  [Bolivia]  [other countries]
Child Prostitution in  [Bolivia]  [other countries]
 

Human Trafficking & Modern-day Slavery

In the early years of the 21st Century                                                      gvnet.com/humantrafficking/Bolivia.htm

Republic of Bolivia

Bolivia is one of the poorest and least developed countries in Latin America. Following a disastrous economic crisis during the early 1980s, reforms spurred private investment, stimulated economic growth, and cut poverty rates in the 1990s. The period 2003-05 was characterized by political instability, racial tensions, and violent protests against plans - subsequently abandoned - to export Bolivia's newly discovered natural gas reserves to large northern hemisphere markets.  [The World Factbook, U.S.C.I.A. 2009]

Description: Description: Bolivia

Bolivia is principally a source country for men, women, and children trafficked for the purposes of commercial sexual exploitation and forced labor. A large number of Bolivians are trafficked to Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Peru, Spain, and the United States for forced labor in sweatshops, factories, and agriculture. In a case discovered in May 2008, more than 200 Bolivian workers were trafficked to Russia for forced labor in the construction industry. Within the country, young Bolivian women and girls are trafficked from rural to urban areas for commercial sexual exploitation. Members of indigenous communities are particularly at risk of forced labor within the country, especially on ranches, sugar cane, and Brazilian nut plantations. Bolivian children are trafficked internally for forced labor in mining, agriculture, and as domestic servants..   - U.S. State Dept Trafficking in Persons Report, June, 2009   [full country report]

 

 

CAUTION:  The following links have been culled from the web to illuminate the situation in Bolivia.  Some of these links may lead to websites that present allegations that are unsubstantiated or even false.  No attempt has been made to verify their authenticity or to validate their content.

*** FEATURED ARTICLES ***

Bolivia, U.S. cracking down on human trafficking

Donna Boe, Idaho State Legislator, Journal Politics, Idaho State Journal, General, September 23, 2006

At one time this article had been archived and may possibly still be accessible [here]

[accessed 4 September 2011]

Bolivia, like the United States, has a human trafficking problem and is  searching for solutions. So says Casimira Rodriquez Romero, the newly appointed Bolivian Minister of Justice, in an interview with me in August.

According to Rodriquez, two major forms of human trafficking exist in Bolivia. Because people are desperate for jobs, they flock to Argentina, Brazil, Spain and North America where some find jobs, and others end up as indentured servants or worse. There is also a tragic problem of disappearance of children, and the government is establishing ways to locate these children and to find out what happened to them.

Trafficked in China, originally from Bolivia

Oliver Poole. “Young Mother’s Dream of Fast Fortune Ended in Nightmare” South China Morning Post (11 March 1997)

jammedtruestories.blogspot.com/2008/09/trafficked-in-china-originally-from.html

[accessed 23 January 2011]

TESTIMONY OF PATRICIA - From her home in an impoverished village in rural Bolivia, the prospect of quick riches as an escort girl proved impossible to resist for 23-year-old Patricia Suarez.  A neighbor working for a Hong Kong gang suggested the trip, promising the young mother an escape from part-time work as a domestic servant that paid only US $50 (HK $387) a week.  Desperate for money, the former university student left her two-month old baby with her mother and six brothers and sisters—unaware that she was heading for a nightmare trapped in a sleazy underworld.

 

*** ARCHIVES ***

Japan Sex Industry Ensnares Latin Women

Associated Press AP, Lima, Peru, 4-29-05

www.freerepublic.com/focus/f-news/1394126/posts

[accessed 23 January 2011]

At least 1,700 women from Latin America and the Caribbean are lured each year into sexual slavery in Japan's huge illicit sex industry, according to a new report.  A team of researchers hired by the Organization of American States found that most of the women come from Colombia, Bolivia, Brazil, Mexico and Peru.

Bolivia, U.S. cracking down on human trafficking

Donna Boe, Idaho State Legislator, Journal Politics, Idaho State Journal, General, September 23, 2006

At one time this article had been archived and may possibly still be accessible [here]

[accessed 4 September 2011]

Bolivia, like the United States, has a human trafficking problem and is  searching for solutions. So says Casimira Rodriquez Romero, the newly appointed Bolivian Minister of Justice, in an interview with me in August.

According to Rodriquez, two major forms of human trafficking exist in Bolivia. Because people are desperate for jobs, they flock to Argentina, Brazil, Spain and North America where some find jobs, and others end up as indentured servants or worse. There is also a tragic problem of disappearance of children, and the government is establishing ways to locate these children and to find out what happened to them.

Trafficked in China, originally from Bolivia

Oliver Poole. “Young Mother’s Dream of Fast Fortune Ended in Nightmare” South China Morning Post (11 March 1997)

jammedtruestories.blogspot.com/2008/09/trafficked-in-china-originally-from.html

[accessed 23 January 2011]

TESTIMONY OF PATRICIA - From her home in an impoverished village in rural Bolivia, the prospect of quick riches as an escort girl proved impossible to resist for 23-year-old Patricia Suarez.  A neighbor working for a Hong Kong gang suggested the trip, promising the young mother an escape from part-time work as a domestic servant that paid only US $50 (HK $387) a week.  Desperate for money, the former university student left her two-month old baby with her mother and six brothers and sisters—unaware that she was heading for a nightmare trapped in a sleazy underworld.

U.S. Says Belize, Cuba, Venezuela Not Fighting Human Trafficking

U.S. Department of State Bureau of International Information Programs, 5 June 2006

iipdigital.usembassy.gov/st/english/article/2006/06/200606051529441xeneerg0.8676874.html#axzz3CMfHlohT

[accessed 5 September 2014]

HUMAN TRAFFICKING “TIER 2 WATCH LIST” - Even though Bolivia moved up from its Tier 3 listing in the 2005 report, the country was placed on the Tier 2 watch list for its failure to show evidence of increasing efforts to combat trafficking in the areas of trafficking prosecutions and victim protection.

Human trafficking's dirty profits and huge costs

Inter-American Development Bank, Nov 2, 2006

www.iadb.org/news/detail.cfm?language=English&ARTID=3357&id=3357

[accessed 23 January 2011]

CASES IN LATIN AMERICA AND THE CARIBBEAN - In Bolivia, the intermediaries who traffic in illegal adoptions charge up to $30,000 per child. The Bolivian National Police have found only 18 percent of the children and youth who disappeared in 2005 and 2006 (IOM/OAS, 2004).

Annual Report Of Activities By The Anti-Trafficking In Persons Section Of The Organization Of American States - April 2005 To March 2006 [DOC]

Organization of American States, Inter-American Commission of Women, 27 March 2006

scm.oas.org/doc_public/ENGLISH/HIST_06/MJ00334E08.DOC

[accessed 5 September 2014]

BOLIVIA - The Prevention of Trafficking of Women and Children Project was carried out in Bolivia, during October, in conjunction with the International Organization for Migration. This project involved a prevention campaign carried by the mass media, including television and radio, for which public service announcements were produced in the Spanish, Quechua, Aymara, and Guarani languages.

Between October 17 and 21, a series of seminars, focusing on different topics, were held in the cities of Trinidad, La Paz, and Cochabamba. La Paz hosted a seminar on “Training for Journalists from the Bolivian Media in Trafficking in Persons: Reporting and Spreading the News while Upholding Victims’ Rights,” at which communicators, journalists, and owners of media outlets (written press, radio, and television) involved with the topic or who had produced important work relating to it, were given training relating to trafficking in human lives. In Cochabamba the seminar focused on preventing the trafficking of children and adolescents from the most representative sectors of Bolivian society, and involved youth and children’s organizations and leaders at the local, departmental, and national levels. Finally, the seminar “Training for Government and Civil Society Authorities in Combating trafficking in Persons, Particularly Women” was held in the city of Trinidad. This seminar assisted departmental authorities from Beni, Pando, and Santa Cruz, along with representative sectors of civil society and women leaders.

Due to Efforts against Trafficking in Persons Bolivia Removed from Tier 2 Watch List

U.S. Secretary of State Hillary Clinton, June 16, 2009

bolivia.usembassy.gov/traffpb.html

[accessed 5 September 2014]

Over the past year, despite limited resources, Bolivia increased law enforcement and prosecution. In a landmark case in Cochabamba, the regional Attorney’s Office secured the convictions of two traffickers for enslaving an 11-year-old child. Moreover, special anti-trafficking police and prosecutors opened 36 trafficking prosecutions across the country in 2006.

Also, Bolivia made efforts to prevent this crime by means of awareness seminars held throughout the country and increased protection services for the victims.

The Grounds for Bolivia’s New Military Bases

Alex Sánchez, Research Fellow, Council on Hemispheric Affairs COHA, 18 Oct 2006

www.coha.org/the-grounds-for-bolivia%E2%80%99s-new-military-bases/

[accessed 23 January 2011]

BOLIVIA’S PLANS FROM A DOMESTIC PERSPECTIVE - An argument in favor of the bases is that Bolivia does have a major problem with drug trafficking and contra-band activities, making constructed military bases in the rainforest a national security necessity. A BBC September 13 report noted that in the extreme northeastern part of Bolivia, in Pando, at Fort Manoa, only one sergeant and nine privates are guarding the border with Brazil. The Bolivian police is also dispersed and scarce, with only an average of three policemen at each of the country’s 110 border points. These facts have facilitated criminal activity such as human trafficking, particularly between Bolivia and Paraguay. At the presentation of Bolivia’s National Security Council’s report to the Chamber of Deputies on June 22, Defense Minister Walker San Miguel asserted that “We have a sparse population along the borders, and consequently we are a country tremendously vulnerable to peaceful invasion by citizens of other bordering countries.”

The Protection Project - Bolivia [DOC]

The Paul H. Nitze School of Advanced International Studies (SAIS), The Johns Hopkins University

www.protectionproject.org/human_rights_reports/report_documents/bolivia.doc

[accessed 2009]

FORMS OF TRAFFICKING - Women and children are trafficked from Bolivia for the purposes of forced prostitution and forced labor. Trafficking is believed to exist for the purpose of organ sales and illegal adoption as well.

Women and children are trafficked to Argentina, Brazil, and Chile to work as domestic servants. Some women are trafficked from Bolivia to Argentina, where they are forced to work in textile factories, or to northern Chile, where they are made to work in agriculture.  Women are trafficked from Bolivia to Brazil to work in textile factories, in homes, in the agricultural sector, and in factories.  Bolivian women have been trafficked to Spain with promises of work, but instead they have been forced into prostitution.  Bolivian children are reportedly trafficked to Spain for illegal adoption.

In July 2000, Bolivian nationals trafficked 24 Bolivian girls to Argentina for the purpose of prostitution. The recruiter (the mother of the brothel owner) recruited children from outdoor markets in the rural areas of Bolivia. She told them and their parents that the girls could work as criaditas, or little maids, in Argentina. The parents authorized the children to leave under the pretense that they were going on vacation, so that they could get tourist visas. Tickets and visas were purchased through a travel agency. The recruiter; the brothel owner’s husband, who had transported the children; the owner of the travel agency; and the brothel owner were charged with forcing minors into prostitution.

Freedom House Country Report - Political Rights: 3   Civil Liberties: 3   Status: Partly Free

2009 Edition

www.freedomhouse.org/report/freedom-world/2009/bolivia

[accessed 26 June 2012]

Human Rights Overview

Human Rights Watch

www.hrw.org/americas/bolivia

[accessed 23 January 2011]

U.S. Library of Congress - Country Study

Library of Congress Call Number F3308 .B685 1991

www.loc.gov/collections/country-studies/?q=F3308+.B685+

[accessed 28 May 2017]

The Department of Labor’s 2004 Findings on the Worst Forms of Child Labor

U.S. Dept of Labor Bureau of International Labor Affairs, 2005

www.dol.gov/ilab/media/reports/iclp/tda2004/bolivia.htm

[accessed 23 January 2011]

INCIDENCE AND NATURE OF CHILD LABOR - Some children are known to work as indentured domestic laborers and prostitutes.  Children are reportedly trafficked internally to urban or border areas for commercial sexual exploitation.  It is also reported that children and adolescents are trafficked internally within Bolivia and to Argentina, Chile, Brazil, and Spain for the purpose of forced labor and commercial sexual exploitation.  Women and adolescents from the indigenous areas of the high plains are at the greatest risk of being trafficked.

Human Rights Reports » 2005 Country Reports on Human Rights Practices

U.S. Dept of State Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights, and Labor, March 8, 2006

www.state.gov/g/drl/rls/hrrpt/2005/61717.htm

[accessed 23 January 2011]

TRAFFICKING IN PERSONS – Faced with extreme poverty, many citizens were economic migrants, and some were victimized by traffickers as they moved from rural areas to cities and then abroad. Women and children, particularly from indigenous ethnic groups in the Altiplano region, were at greater risk of being trafficked. Children were trafficked within the country to work in prostitution, mines, domestic servitude, and agriculture, particularly harvesting sugar cane and Brazil nuts. Weak controls along its extensive five borders made the country an easy transit point for illegal migrants, some of whom may have been trafficked. Commercial sexual exploitation of children also remained a problem.

While there were reports that some adolescents were sold into forced labor, it appeared that most victims initially were willing economic migrants who were duped or later coerced into accepting jobs that turned out to be forced labor.

Concluding Observations of the Committee on the Rights of the Child (CRC)

UN Convention on the Rights of the Child, 28 January 2005

www1.umn.edu/humanrts/crc/bolivia2005.html

[accessed 23 January 2011]

[63]. The Committee is concerned about the extent of sexual exploitation and trafficking of children for this or other purposes, in particular economic exploitation, in the State party and about the lack of effective programs to address this problem.

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Torture in  [Bolivia]  [other countries]
Human Trafficking in  [Bolivia]  [other countries]
Street Children in  [Bolivia]  [other countries]
Child Prostitution in  [Bolivia]  [other countries]