Torture in  [Turkmenistan]  [other countries]
Human Trafficking in  [Turkmenistan]  [other countries]
Street Children in  [Turkmenistan]  [other countries]
Child Prostitution in  [Turkmenistan]  [other countries]
 

Human Trafficking & Modern-day Slavery

In the early years of the 21st Century                                                   gvnet.com/humantrafficking/Turkmenistan.htm

Turkmenistan

Turkmenistan is largely a desert country with intensive agriculture in irrigated oases and sizeable gas and oil resources. One-half of its irrigated land is planted in cotton; formerly it was the world's 10th-largest producer. Poor harvests in recent years have led to an almost 50% decline in cotton exports. With an authoritarian ex-Communist regime in power and a tribally based social structure, Turkmenistan has taken a cautious approach to economic reform, hoping to use gas and cotton sales to sustain its inefficient economy.

Since his election, President Berdimuhamedow has sought to improve the health and education systems, unified the country's dual currency exchange rate, ordered the

Description: Description: Turkmenistan

redenomination of the manat, reduced state subsidies for gasoline, increased Internet access both in schools and Internet cafes, ordered an independent audit of Turkmenistan's gas resources, and created a special tourism zone on the Caspian Sea. Although foreign investment is encouraged, numerous bureaucratic obstacles from the Nyyzow-era remain.  [The World Factbook, U.S.C.I.A. 2009]

Turkmenistan is a source country for women trafficked primarily to Turkey but reportedly also to the UAE, Kyrgyzstan, Kazakhstan, and Pakistan for the purpose of commercial sexual exploitation. Men and women are trafficked to Turkey for the purpose of domestic servitude and forced labor, specifically in textile sweatshops. - U.S. State Dept Trafficking in Persons Report, June, 2009 [full country report]

 

CAUTION:  The following links have been culled from the web to illuminate the situation in Turkmenistan.  Some of these links may lead to websites that present allegations that are unsubstantiated or even false.  No attempt has been made to validate their authenticity or to verify their content.

*** FEATURED ARTICLES ***

Prostitution on the rise

UN Integrated Regional Information Networks IRIN, Ankara, 5 September 2005

www.irinnews.org/report/28974/turkmenistan-prostitution-on-the-rise

[accessed 8 March 2015]

There is an unprecedented situation in Turkmenistan when [some] husbands, fathers and brothers push their wives, daughters and sisters into illegal ways, including prostitution, because they don't have a job and means to get by,

Even more disturbing, the report alleged that parents had taken to selling their daughters and setting up brothels in their homes in this otherwise traditional society.

International Women's Rights Action Watch - Country Reports - Turkmenistan

IWRAW Director Marsha A. Freeman with the assistance of Cram-Dalton Scholar Natalie Hoover

Prepared for the UN Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination against Women, 35th Session, May 2006

At one time this article had been archived and may possibly still be accessible [here]

[accessed 12 September 2011]

ARTICLE 6  TRAFFICKING AND PROSTITUTION - “In the case of Turkmenistan, gathering any firm data and conducting interviews, with the exception of basic information from five individuals who had been part of NGOs, proved impossible.  The author experienced this unease directly whilst in Turkmenistan, where many of those attending the roundtable declined to be interviewed face to face, and those who did agree spoke in whispers.  No amount of interviewing skill or sophisticated methodology can overcome a pervasive sense of fear for expressing a point of view.”

 “Because getting out of Turkmenistan is difficult,” she said, “I allowed myself to be smuggled out of here via Iran, but I was told I would have a good job working for an Arab family in Dubai.”  After an arduous road journey across Iran and a Gulf crossing by boat, she found herself working in a Russian syndicate-run brothel in Dubai.  “It was horrific.  I worked all night, every night, for six days, and was beaten if I refused to perform,” she added tearfully.  “I know I was stupid,” she added, “but there’s nothing, nothing, nothing for us here.”

 

*** ARCHIVES ***

The Protection Project - Turkmenistan [DOC]

The Paul H. Nitze School of Advanced International Studies (SAIS), The Johns Hopkins University

www.protectionproject.org/human_rights_reports/report_documents/turkemenistan.doc

[accessed 2009]

FACTORS THAT CONTRIBUTE TO THE TRAFFICKING INFRASTRUCTURE – An especially important social institution in Central Asian societies that seems to have particular bearing on the problem of trafficking is the practice of arranged and forced marriages. This practice may explain why it has been relatively easy for traffickers to deceive young Central Asian women with promises of marriage to rich foreigners.

Finally, it has been suggested that the geographic location of the Central Asian states contributes to the increasing levels of trafficking in persons in the region. In particular, the location of these countries “between the main destination countries in East Asia and the Middle East … make[s] them an ideal recruitment area for traffickers.

Prostitution on the rise

UN Integrated Regional Information Networks IRIN, Ankara, 5 September 2005

www.irinnews.org/report/28974/turkmenistan-prostitution-on-the-rise

[accessed 8 March 2015]

There is an unprecedented situation in Turkmenistan when [some] husbands, fathers and brothers push their wives, daughters and sisters into illegal ways, including prostitution, because they don't have a job and means to get by,

Even more disturbing, the report alleged that parents had taken to selling their daughters and setting up brothels in their homes in this otherwise traditional society.

International Women's Rights Action Watch - Country Reports - Turkmenistan

IWRAW Director Marsha A. Freeman with the assistance of Cram-Dalton Scholar Natalie Hoover

Prepared for the UN Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination against Women, 35th Session, May 2006

At one time this article had been archived and may possibly still be accessible [here]

[accessed 12 September 2011]

ARTICLE 6  TRAFFICKING AND PROSTITUTION - “In the case of Turkmenistan, gathering any firm data and conducting interviews, with the exception of basic information from five individuals who had been part of NGOs, proved impossible.  The author experienced this unease directly whilst in Turkmenistan, where many of those attending the roundtable declined to be interviewed face to face, and those who did agree spoke in whispers.  No amount of interviewing skill or sophisticated methodology can overcome a pervasive sense of fear for expressing a point of view.”

 “Because getting out of Turkmenistan is difficult,” she said, “I allowed myself to be smuggled out of here via Iran, but I was told I would have a good job working for an Arab family in Dubai.”  After an arduous road journey across Iran and a Gulf crossing by boat, she found herself working in a Russian syndicate-run brothel in Dubai.  “It was horrific.  I worked all night, every night, for six days, and was beaten if I refused to perform,” she added tearfully.  “I know I was stupid,” she added, “but there’s nothing, nothing, nothing for us here.”

International Gender Conference Underway

UN Integrated Regional Information Networks IRIN, 23 April 2004

www.irinnews.org/report/24210/turkmenistan-international-gender-conference-underway

[accessed 9 March 2015]

Although the extent of the problem of human trafficking in Turkmenistan is not very high compared to some other Central Asian or former Soviet republics, the fast pace of economic development and the difference in the economic situation between Turkmenistan and some other countries could change this, he said.  "With a recent announcement of more flexible exit procedures there will more and more possibilities for Turkmen citizens to travel abroad," Milovic said.

State Department International Visitor Program (Turkmenistan)

Polaris Project ~ Combating Human Trafficking and Modern-day Slavery, Washington, DC, 14 June 2005

At one time this article had been archived and may possibly still be accessible [here]

[accessed 12 September 2011]

[Scroll down to June 14, 2005]

STATE DEPARTMENT INTERNATIONAL VISITOR PROGRAM (TURKMENISTAN) – National Program Coordinator, B. Myles, engaged in a peer exchange of knowledge sharing with a delegation of government officials from Turkmenistan. Topics discussed included the role of non-governmental organizations (NGOs) in serving trafficked persons in the United States, victim identification, and other grassroots anti-trafficking initiatives. This meeting was an important first step in helping to introduce these government officials to the crime of human trafficking as they work to formulate new government policies to address it.

Freedom House Country Report - Political Rights: 7   Civil Liberties: 7   Status: Not Free

2009 Edition

www.freedomhouse.org/report/freedom-world/2009/turkmenistan

[accessed 28 June 2012]

Human Rights Overview

Human Rights Watch

www.hrw.org/europecentral-asia/turkmenistan

[accessed 2 January 2011]

Stop Violence Against Women – Country Page

The Advocates for Human Rights, August 2, 2004

stopvaw.org/turkmenistan.html

[accessed 2 January 2011]

U.S. Library of Congress - Country Study

Library of Congress Call Number DK851 .K34 1997

lcweb2.loc.gov/frd/cs/tmtoc.html

[accessed 2 January 2011]

Europe 'ignoring Turkmen human rights abuses'

Jerome Taylor, The Independent, 24 Jun 2006

eu-digest.blogspot.com/2006/06/independent-online-europe-ignoring.html

[accessed 3 May 2012]

The EU has been accused of ignoring human rights abuses in Turkmenistan by considering a trade agreement with the repressive former Soviet republic despite a recent crackdown on political dissidents and human rights activists.

"The EU is being completely hypocritical," he said. "We isolate a country like Belarus, which isn't half as repressive as Turkmenistan but the sad reality is that Belarus doesn't have lots of gas and oil reserves."

"We are profoundly concerned that those detained are at risk of torture and ill treatment," said Holly Cartner, the director of the Europe and Central Asia division at Human Rights Watch. "The Turkmen government is one of the most repressive in the world. It's shocking that the European Union could contemplate signing a trade agreement with a government that is so notorious for its human rights violations."

Human Rights Reports » 2005 Country Reports on Human Rights Practices

U.S. Dept of State Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights, and Labor, March 8, 2006

www.state.gov/g/drl/rls/hrrpt/2005/61681.htm

[accessed 2 January 2011]

TRAFFICKING IN PERSONS – In December 2004 the IOM reported that airport and border officials facilitated the repatriation of a trafficking victim from Turkey, whose traffickers had forcibly taken her passport and identification documents.

There were six known cases of trafficking in persons and one successful prosecution on charges of sexual exploitation, slavery, and encouraging deceitful border crossing.

Victims involved in these cases were reportedly trafficked to Turkey, although Iran was assumed also to be a trafficking destination. NGOs noted that young women from minority ethnic groups were most vulnerable to being trafficked.

All material used herein reproduced under the fair use exception of 17 USC § 107 for noncommercial, nonprofit, and educational use.  PLEASE RESPECT COPYRIGHTS OF COMPONENT ARTICLES.  Cite this webpage as: Patt, Prof. Martin, "Human Trafficking & Modern-day Slavery - Turkmenistan", http://gvnet.com/humantrafficking/Turkmenistan.htm, [accessed <date>]

 

 

Torture in  [Turkmenistan]  [other countries]
Human Trafficking in  [Turkmenistan]  [other countries]
Street Children in  [Turkmenistan]  [other countries]
Child Prostitution in  [Turkmenistan]  [other countries]