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In the early years of the 21st Century


Description: Description: Turkmenistan

CAUTION:  The following links and accompanying text have been culled from the web to illuminate the situation in Turkmenistan in the early years of the 21st Century.  Some of these links may lead to websites that present allegations that are unsubstantiated, misleading or even false.   No attempt has been made to validate their authenticity or to verify their content.



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*** ARCHIVES ***

The World Factbook - Turkmenistan

U.S. Central Intelligence Agency CIA

[accessed 17 November 2020]

World Factbook website has moved to --->

[accessed 11 January 2021]

ECONOMIC OVERVIEW - largely a desert country with intensive agriculture in irrigated oases and significant natural gas and oil resources; agriculture occupies nearly half the workforce but only represents 8% of GDP; natural gas exports, mostly to China, make up 25% of GDP

GDP - per capita (PPP): $18,200 (2017 est.)

Labor force - by occupation:

agriculture: 48.2%

industry: 14%

services: 37.8% (2004 est.)

Unemployment rate: 11% (2014 est.)

Population below poverty line: 0.2% (2012 est.)

Maternal mortality rate: 7 deaths/100,000 live births (2017 est.)

Infant mortality rate: total: 30.8 deaths/1,000 live births

Life expectancy at birth: total population: 71.3 years

Drinking water source: improved: total: 100% of population

Physicians density: 2.22 physicians/1,000 population (2014)

Sanitation facility access: improved: total: 100% of population

Electricity access: electrification - total population: 100% (2016)

The Borgen Project - Turkmenistan

[accessed 18 March 2021]

The Borgen Project works with U.S. leaders to utilize the United States’ platform behind efforts toward improving living conditions for the world’s poor.  It is an innovative, national campaign that is working to make poverty a focus of U.S. foreign policy.  It believes that leaders of the most powerful nation on earth should be doing more to address global poverty. From ending segregation to providing women with the right to vote, nearly every wrong ever righted in history was achieved through advocacy. The Borgen Project addresses the big picture, operating at the political level advancing policies and programs that improve living conditions for those living on less than $1 per day.

~ 5 Facts About Homelessness In Turkmenistan

~ 4 Facts About Poverty In Turkmenistan

~ Modern Irrigation Technology In Turkmenistan

~ Top 10 Facts About Life Expectancy In Turkmenistan

~ 8 Facts About Education In Turkmenistan

~ Top 10 Facts About Living Conditions In Turkmenistan

~ Girls’ Education In Turkmenistan

~ Road To Progress: Top 10 Facts About Poverty In Turkmenistan

~ Plans To Improve Sustainable Agriculture In Turkmenistan

The World Bank in Turkmenistan

[accessed 21 April 2021]

Latest news and information from the World Bank and its development work in Turkmenistan. Access Turkmenistan's data, statistics, project information, research from experts, and latest news.

Looking back a few years …

Advameg, Inc., Encyclopedia of the Nations

[accessed 12 January 2021]

Turkmenistan, though one of the poorest and least developed of the former members of the Soviet Union, boasts rich deposits of oil, gas, potassium, sulfur, and salts. It is the fourth-largest producer of natural gas in the world with proven reserves of about 2.9 trillion cu m (101 trillion cu ft), and 17 new deposits discovered in the last 10 years. Proven oil reserves are 541 million barrels, with possible reserves as high as 1.7 billion. Despite this wealth of industrial raw materials, the labor force remains dominantly in agriculture, which, with forestry, generated an estimated 27% of the 2000 GDP. Turkmenistan is the world's tenth-largest cotton producer. Industry contributes about 48% of the GDP and occupies 15% of the labor force.

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