Torture in  [Uruguay]  [other countries]
Human Trafficking in  [Uruguay]  [other countries]
Street Children in  [Uruguay]  [other countries]
Child Prostitution in  [Uruguay]  [other countries]
 

Human Trafficking & Modern-day Slavery

In the early years of the 21st Century                                                  gvnet.com/humantrafficking/Uruguay.htm

Oriental Republic of Uruguay

Uruguay's economy is characterized by an export-oriented agricultural sector, a well-educated work force, and high levels of social spending. After averaging growth of 5% annually during 1996-98, in 1999-2002 the economy suffered a major downturn, stemming largely from the spillover effects of the economic problems of its large neighbors, Argentina and Brazil.

Real GDP fell in four years by nearly 20%, with 2002 the worst year. The unemployment rate rose, inflation surged, and the burden of external debt doubled. Financial assistance from the IMF helped stem the damage. Uruguay restructured its external debt in 2003 without asking creditors to accept a reduction on the principal. Economic growth for Uruguay resumed, and averaged 8% annually during the period 2004-08.  [The World Factbook, U.S.C.I.A. 2009]

Description: Description: Uruguay

Uruguay is primarily a source and transit country for men, women, and children trafficked for the purposes of commercial sexual exploitation and forced labor. Most victims are women and girls trafficked within the country to border and tourist areas for commercial sexual exploitation; some boys are also trafficked for the same purpose. Occasionally, parents facilitate the exploitation of their children in prostitution, and impoverished parents in rural areas have turned over their children for forced domestic and agricultural labor. Lured by false job offers, some Uruguayan women have been trafficked to Spain and Italy for commercial sexual exploitation. - U.S. State Dept Trafficking in Persons Report, June, 2009 [full country report]

 

CAUTION:  The following links have been culled from the web to illuminate the situation in Uruguay.  Some of these links may lead to websites that present allegations that are unsubstantiated or even false.  No attempt has been made to validate their authenticity or to verify their content.

*** FEATURED ARTICLE ***

Child Labour : Various Forms of Child Labour

UNICEF Report 1997 – The State of World’s children SACCS

lokendrakaushik.blogspot.com/2007/07/child-laber-various-forms-of-chield.html

[accessed 7 January 2011]

Domestic Service - Children in domestic servitude may well be the most vulnerable and exploited children of all, as well as the most difficult to protect. They are often extremely poorly paid or not paid at all, terms and conditions depend on whims and fancies of their employees and take no account of their legal rights; they are deprived of schooling, play and social activity, and emotional support from friends and family. They are vulnerable to physical and sexual abuse.

The isolationism makes it difficult to discuss exact numbers. Local surveys have however reflected on the gravity of the problem.

·         A survey of domestic workers in Uruguay found that 34% had begun working before they were 14.

 

*** ARCHIVES ***

Uruguay and Sexual Exploitation of Children and Adolescents [PDF]

Martín Marzano Luissi, President National Children’s Institute, Regional Governmental Congress on Sexual Exploitation of Children

www.iin.oea.org/Congreso%20Explotation%20Sexual/M.Marzano_Uruguay_ingles.PDF

[accessed 7 January 2011]

1.1 NATIONAL CHILDREN’S INSTITUTE - BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE AGENCY - Section 1 of the Code of Children defines the National Children’s Institute as “the agency overseeing all aspects of life and welfare of minors from conception until their majority”.  The Institute was created by law 15977 dated 14 September 1988 as a legal decentralized service domiciled at Montevideo.

Third Report on the Situation of Commercial Sexual Exploitation of Children and Adolescents in the Americas 2002 [PDF]

Montevideo, May 2002

www.iin.oea.org/Explotacion%20sexual/Informes/tercero/Tercer.Informe.Ex.Sx.Ingles.pdf

[accessed 7 January 2011]

III. AREA OF PROTECTION - The countries were asked if they had recently implemented legal reforms to combat commercial and noncommercial sexual exploitation based on the convention on the Rights of the Child and other international juridical instruments. All the countries responded affirmatively except Uruguay (which has not implemented reforms yet) and Panama which had no information.

Against the Sexual Exploitation of Children

Raul Ronzoni, Inter Press Service News Agency IPS, Montevideo, 18 March 1999

www.hartford-hwp.com/archives/40/127.html

[accessed 7 January 2011]

In the only survey of the issue carried out in Uruguay, in October 1998, some 22 percent of those questioned said economic problems were the most relevant factor in this problem.  Gonzalez stated in Uruguay there are no "preventative solutions" underway to combat this type of sexual exploitation.

Child Labour : Various Forms of Child Labour

UNICEF Report 1997 – The State of World’s children SACCS

lokendrakaushik.blogspot.com/2007/07/child-laber-various-forms-of-chield.html

[accessed 7 January 2011]

Domestic Service - Children in domestic servitude may well be the most vulnerable and exploited children of all, as well as the most difficult to protect. They are often extremely poorly paid or not paid at all, terms and conditions depend on whims and fancies of their employees and take no account of their legal rights; they are deprived of schooling, play and social activity, and emotional support from friends and family. They are vulnerable to physical and sexual abuse.

The isolationism makes it difficult to discuss exact numbers. Local surveys have however reflected on the gravity of the problem.

·         A survey of domestic workers in Uruguay found that 34% had begun working before they were 14.

The Department of Labor’s 2004 Findings on the Worst Forms of Child Labor

U.S. Dept of Labor Bureau of International Labor Affairs, 2005

www.dol.gov/ilab/media/reports/iclp/tda2004/uruguay.htm

[accessed 7 January 2011]

CHILD LABOR LAWS AND ENFORCEMENT - Forced or bonded labor, including by children, is prohibited by the Constitution.  The Commercial or Noncommercial Sexual Violence Against Children, Adolescents, and the Handicapped law addresses pornography, prostitution, and trafficking involving minors.  Prison terms for trafficking children in or out of the country or contributing to the prostitution of a child range from 2 to 12 years.

Human Rights Reports » 2005 Country Reports on Human Rights Practices

U.S. Dept of State Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights, and Labor, March 8, 2006

www.state.gov/g/drl/rls/hrrpt/2005/61744.htm

[accessed 7 January 2011]

TRAFFICKING IN PERSONS – The country was a source, destination, and transit point for trafficked persons, and internal trafficking was a problem. Trafficking reportedly occurred primarily to and from Argentina and Brazil across poorly controlled land borders. Based on anecdotal evidence, government and NGO experts estimated that approximately 100 individuals were trafficked in or through the country during the year, but there were no reliable estimates on the number of women engaged in prostitution abroad (generally in Europe, Australia, Argentina, and Brazil) or on the proportion that were induced into prostitution by fraud or were subjected to conditions approaching servitude. Some foreign citizens entered the country to engage in prostitution, but irregular border controls limited the collection of such trafficking statistics. Officials believed that trafficking mostly affected women between the ages of 18 and 24.

In January authorities discovered an alien smuggling ring, which had engineered the illegal entry into the country of more than 100 Chinese citizens, 15 of whom were found to have been subjected to debt bondage. All victims were males between the ages of 20 and 38. Under threat of violence, the victims were forced to work 18 to 20 hours per day on a rice farm while waiting to complete their onward travel to the United States.

Concluding Observations of the Committee on the Rights of the Child (CRC)

UN Convention on the Rights of the Child, 11 October 1996

www1.umn.edu/humanrts/crc/uruguay1996.html

[accessed 7 January 2011]

[6] The Committee is concerned at the insufficient measures adopted to harmonize national legislation with the principles and provisions of the Convention, in spite of the fact that international treaties ratified by Uruguay are considered to have a status equal to that of ordinary laws. The Committee is also concerned that new laws have not been enacted to address areas covered by the Convention, including laws on inter-country adoption, the prohibition of child-trafficking and the prohibition of torture

Freedom House Country Report - Political Rights: 1   Civil Liberties: 1   Status: Free

2009 Edition

www.freedomhouse.org/report/freedom-world/2009/uruguay

[accessed 28 June 2012]

Human Rights Overview

Human Rights Watch

www.hrw.org/americas/uruguay

[accessed 7 January 2011]

U.S. Library of Congress - Country Study

Library of Congress Call Number F2708 .U855 1992

lcweb2.loc.gov/frd/cs/uytoc.html

[accessed 7 January 2011]

All material used herein reproduced under the fair use exception of 17 USC § 107 for noncommercial, nonprofit, and educational use.  PLEASE RESPECT COPYRIGHTS OF COMPONENT ARTICLES.  Cite this webpage as: Patt, Prof. Martin, "Human Trafficking & Modern-day Slavery - Uruguay", http://gvnet.com/humantrafficking/Uruguay.htm, [accessed <date>]

 

 

Torture in  [Uruguay]  [other countries]
Human Trafficking in  [Uruguay]  [other countries]
Street Children in  [Uruguay]  [other countries]
Child Prostitution in  [Uruguay]  [other countries]