Torture in  [Bangladesh]  [other countries]
Human Trafficking in  [Bangladesh]  [other countries]
Street Children in  [Bangladesh]  [other countries]
Child Prostitution in  [Bangladesh]  [other countries]
 

Human Trafficking & Modern-day Slavery

In the early years of the 21st Century                                            gvnet.com/humantrafficking/Bangladesh.htm

People’s Republic of Bangladesh

Bangladesh remains a poor, overpopulated, and inefficiently-governed nation. Although more than half of GDP is generated through the service sector, nearly two-thirds of Bangladeshis are employed in the agriculture sector, with rice as the single-most-important product. Garment exports and remittances from Bangladeshis working overseas, mainly in the Middle East and East Asia, fuel economic growth.  [The World Factbook, U.S.C.I.A. 2009]

Description: Description: Bangladesh

Bangladesh is a source and transit country for men, women, and children trafficked for the purposes of forced labor and commercial sexual exploitation. A significant share of Bangladesh’s trafficking victims are men recruited for work overseas with fraudulent employment offers who are subsequently exploited under conditions of forced labor or debt bondage. Children – both boys and girls – are trafficked within Bangladesh for commercial sexual exploitation, bonded labor, and forced labor. Some children are sold into bondage by their parents, while others are induced into labor or commercial sexual exploitation through fraud and physical coercion. Women and children from Bangladesh are also trafficked to India and Pakistan for sexual exploitation.   - U.S. State Dept Trafficking in Persons Report, June, 2009   [full country report]

 

 

CAUTION: The following links have been culled from the web to illuminate the situation in Bangladesh.  Some of these links may lead to websites that present allegations that are unsubstantiated or even false.  No attempt has been made to verify their authenticity or to validate their content.

*** FEATURED ARTICLES ***

Human Trafficking Becomes Attractive

Nation.ittefaq.com, 11 February 2005 – Source: nation.ittefaq.com/artman/publish/printer_16178.shtml

Click [here] to connect to the article.  Its URL is not displayed because of its length

[accessed 21 January 2011]

They said tens of thousands of women and children are trafficked out each year from Bangladesh, one of the poorest countries in the world. Poverty provides traffickers with people who have no alternatives for survival. They trust the offers of work or marriage abroad, which promise security but lead them to slavery.

Inside the slave trade

Johann Hari, The Independent, 15 March 2008

www.independent.co.uk/news/world/asia/inside-the-slave-trade-795307.html

[accessed 21 January 2011]

They are promised a better life. But every year, countless boys and girls in Bangladesh are spirited away to brothels where they have to prostitute themselves with no hope of freedom.  This is the story of the 21st century’s trade in slave-children. My journey into their underworld took place where its alleys and brothels are most dense - Asia, where the United Nations calculates 1 million children are being traded every day. It took me to places I did not think existed, today, now. To a dungeon in the lawless Bangladeshi borderlands where children are padlocked and prison-barred in transit to Indian brothels; to an iron whore-house where grown women have spent their entire lives being raped; to a clinic that treat syphilitic 11-year-olds.

She comes into the room swaddled in a red sari, carrying big premature black bags under her eyes. She tells her story in a slow, halting mumble. Sufia grew up in a village near Khulna in the south-west of Bangladesh. Her parents were farmers; she was one of eight children. “My parents couldn’t afford to look after me,” she says. “We didn’t have enough money for food.”  And so came the lie. When Sufia was 14, a female neighbour came to her parents and said she could find her a good job in Calcutta as a housemaid. She would live well; she would learn English; she would have a well-fed future. “I was so excited,” Sufia says.  “But as soon as we arrived in Calcutta I knew something was wrong,” she says. “I didn’t know what a brothel was, but I could see the house she took me to was a bad house, where the women wore small clothes and lots of bad men were coming in and out.” The neighbour was handed 50,000 takka – around £500 – for Sufia, and then she told her to do what she was told and disappeared. - htcp

Choosing Death by Fire Over Marriage - Forced Marriages Are Driving Some Women to Self-Immolation

Leela Jacinto, ABC News, Dec. 11

abcnews.go.com/International/story?id=79767&page=1

[accessed 21 January 2011]

The abduction came as a complete surprise to Miah, a London-based community youth activist who had been dating Shipa for several years.  Shipa's family had earlier accepted a marriage proposal put forth in the "correct way" by Miah's family, and the young Briton was unaware that her parents had no intention of actually allowing their daughter to marry a man of her choice.

On the morning of Oct. 12, 1995, Shipa was whisked to a cousin's place near Heathrow Airport, then flown to Bangladesh. She was not informed about her family's plans for her future until just a few hours before boarding the plane.

 

*** ARCHIVES ***

Tortured maid tells of two and half years' ordeal

Aminul Islam, The Daily Star, Mymensingh, 10 May 2014

www.thedailystar.net/city/torture-maid-tells-of-two-and-a-half-years-ordeal-23469

[accessed 12 May 2014]

The horrific tale of her life came to light after some locals rescued her in the early hours of Wednesday from Phulbaria Old Bus Stand area, where she was left by her employers by a private car.

“Jesse used to tell me that she had bought me as a slave at Tk 40,000 from Monira and Joyati, and therefore, I have to work for free,” Bedena said.   The couple used to torture her by spraying hot water on her body, stabbing her with hot kitchen knives, and beating her up with sticks and rolling pins, alleged Bedena.   Jesse as usual tortured her Tuesday morning on the pretext that Bedena could not prepare breakfast in time, leaving her unconscious.    She discovered herself in the bathroom after regaining her consciousness.

Horrifying torture

The Daily Star, 20 April 2014

www.thedailystar.net/backpage/horrifying-torture-19883

[accessed 25 August 2014]

In the face of acute poverty, his father, a farmer, sent him at this early age to the capital to work as a domestic help, said Mohammad Sadek Ali, a cousin of the boy. Another cousin Yasmin brought him along from Kishoreganj to Dhaka city around two and a half months ago and arranged a job for him at a house in Mohammadpur near Shia Mosque.

"The people at the house where I worked fed me once a day. I was given some rice in the morning and that was it," Masum told The Daily Star at DMCH yesterday.

Masum's diminutive body is scarred all over. Deep purple welts were seen on his back that is already crisscrossed by old scars.  He said he had been hit on the head with a rod and that the scars were from the injuries when the homemaker had flogged him with a bundle of wires.  A black blister was seen on his left elbow. "She burnt me here with a hot iron spoon," Masum said.  His cousin sister rescued him on Friday as she discovered him in this appalling state.

The child said he had to sleep inside the bathroom. “The floor used to be wet.”  He used to do the laundry, drag mattresses up to the rooftop to put them out in the sun and sweep and mop the floor.

Exploitation of Bangladeshis in Malaysia - HR activist terms it human trafficking

Porimol Palma, The Daily Star, April 11, 2009

archive.thedailystar.net/newDesign/news-details.php?nid=83694

[accessed 25 August 2014]

The exploitative practices centring Bangladeshi workers in Malaysia constitute nothing other than human trafficking; the governments of Bangladesh and Malaysia have not been able to protect the workers' rights, said Irene Fernandez, a veteran migrants' rights activist of Malaysia.

When they brought workers in surplus numbers to Malaysia, they were only interested in making fast cash. The outsourcing companies told Bangladeshi job brokers 'you pay me 500 ringgit per worker and find jobs for them and do whatever'. So, Bangladeshi job brokers then bought the workers from the outsourcing companies, and literally made them slaves. The brokers then told the workers 'you go and work, I will give you food and lodging'. And the workers were put to work for two, three, or four months. So, the contract that had been signed between the workers and recruiting agencies in Bangladesh, which was attested by the Bangladesh government, had no meaning any more.

The question is now, why no action is being taken against the Malaysian outsourcing companies for the fact that they violated the contracts. Again, the governments of both countries have not been able to enforce the rules. Malaysia has to make its companies accountable, and Bangladesh has to make its recruiting agencies accountable. Because the passports of the workers are being held and the workers who don't have any job are being locked up by the job brokers or the outsourcing companies, it constitutes nothing but human trafficking. And, with the global economic recession, the situation is going to worsen, because many of the companies, particularly in the manufacturing sector, are collapsing.

Bangla aiding NE human trafficking

Guwahati, March 27, 2009

www.assamtribune.com/scripts/details.asp?id=mar2809/at09

[accessed 21 January 2011]

The Director General of Assam Police GM Srivastava today stated that neighbouring countries, especially Bangladesh, continue to fuel the growth of human trafficking cases in the Northeast, particularly Assam. “There have been many instances where we have seen that professional human traffickers from Bangladesh after marrying a girl from a remote area in the State elopes back home and after keeping her in the neighbouring country for some time, finally sells her to brothels in metros of India,” said Srivastava, adding that the number of duped girls, who are being duped by this racket of human traffickers, is increasing in the State.

Attributing the rise of human trafficking cases in the region to poverty and the simplicity of the people here, the Assam Police chief stressed on the need for an attitudinal change amongst the people to wipe out the menace from the society.

Govt cancels licences of 32 agencies

The Daily Star, 2008-05-26

www.thedailystar.net/newDesign/news-details.php?nid=38262

[accessed 18 April 2012]

The government has cancelled the licenses of 32 travel and recruiting agencies in the last two months for irregularities in manpower business and involvement in human trafficking.

The licenses were cancelled after law-enforcing agencies in an investigation found the agencies illegally sending manpower abroad, which in most cases led to trafficking of women and children, meeting sources said.  Police and the Rapid Action Battalion (RAB) are at present investigating the activities of some other agencies and their licenses could also be revoked on the same grounds, the meeting was told.

3,000 Bangladeshis in Yemen victims of illegal human trafficking

Yemen Times, Sana’a, March 27, 2008

www.traffickingproject.org/2008/04/bangladeshi-victims-of-trafficking-in.html

[accessed 18 April 2012]

According to a reliable Bangladeshi source who asked to remain anonymous, “the "brokers" take US $4,000 for each Bangladeshi worker and give them hope of good jobs and salaries,” he said. “However, they mostly find themselves working as cleaners at restaurants and companies or construction workers.”  The source said that there are currently at least 3,000 illegal Bangladeshi workers in Yemen who end up taking menial jobs because they have no other choice. They receive between US $100-130 per month, or approximately three dollars per day.

Inside the slave trade

Johann Hari, The Independent, 15 March 2008

www.independent.co.uk/news/world/asia/inside-the-slave-trade-795307.html

[accessed 21 January 2011]

They are promised a better life. But every year, countless boys and girls in Bangladesh are spirited away to brothels where they have to prostitute themselves with no hope of freedom.  This is the story of the 21st century’s trade in slave-children. My journey into their underworld took place where its alleys and brothels are most dense - Asia, where the United Nations calculates 1 million children are being traded every day. It took me to places I did not think existed, today, now. To a dungeon in the lawless Bangladeshi borderlands where children are padlocked and prison-barred in transit to Indian brothels; to an iron whore-house where grown women have spent their entire lives being raped; to a clinic that treat syphilitic 11-year-olds.

She comes into the room swaddled in a red sari, carrying big premature black bags under her eyes. She tells her story in a slow, halting mumble. Sufia grew up in a village near Khulna in the south-west of Bangladesh. Her parents were farmers; she was one of eight children. “My parents couldn’t afford to look after me,” she says. “We didn’t have enough money for food.”  And so came the lie. When Sufia was 14, a female neighbour came to her parents and said she could find her a good job in Calcutta as a housemaid. She would live well; she would learn English; she would have a well-fed future. “I was so excited,” Sufia says.  “But as soon as we arrived in Calcutta I knew something was wrong,” she says. “I didn’t know what a brothel was, but I could see the house she took me to was a bad house, where the women wore small clothes and lots of bad men were coming in and out.” The neighbour was handed 50,000 takka – around £500 – for Sufia, and then she told her to do what she was told and disappeared. - htcp

Combating Trafficking for Forced Labor Purposes in the OSCE Region

U.S. Commission On Security And Cooperation In Europe (Helsinki Commission) Hearing On Human Trafficking, October 11, 2007

Click [here] to connect to the article.  Its URL is not displayed because of its length

[accessed 21 January 2011]

For example, a contract labor agency in Bangladesh advertised work at a garment factory in Jordan. The ad promised a 3-year contract, $425 per month, 8 hour workdays, 6 days a week, paid overtime, free accommodations, free medical care, free food, and no advance fees. Instead, upon arrival, workers (who were obliged to pay exorbitant advance fees) had passports confiscated, were confined to miserable conditions, and were prevented from leaving the factory. Months passed without pay, food was inadequate, and sick workers were tortured. Because most workers had borrowed money at inflated rates to get the contracts, they were obliged through debt to stay. The sad truth is that we find workers across the globe holding on to the thin hope that they will eventually get paid, or that conditions will improve, because if they leave, there is no hope that they will be able to repay the debt.

Human trafficking on rise across bordering districts

RU Correspondent, The Daily Star, October 16, 2006

At one time this article had been archived and may possibly still be accessible [here]

[accessed 4 September 2011]

Speakers at a view-exchange meeting yesterday said that the incidents of human trafficking are on the rise across the bordering districts.  The meeting revealed that between June 15, 2004 and September 2006, 488 victims were rescued, 379 traffickers were detained and 444 victims were handed over to their legal guardian.  The rest of the victims are taking shelter in different shelter homes in the country.

21 points in border areas vulnerable

The New Nation, 23 Jul 2006

n-cat.blogspot.com/2006/07/human-trafficking-21-points-in-border.html

[accessed 21 January 2011]

Human trafficking is the third most profitable business after drugs and gunrunning in the South Asian region and twenty-one points in the border have been identified as vulnerable areas in Bangladesh.

Prof Shamim said that representatives from the SAARC countries recommended widening of the scope of SAARC Convention to exceed beyond prostitution to include many types of exploitations, including forced and indentured labour, camel jockeys and organ transplantation.

Bangladesh busts human trafficking ring: 34 rescued

Deutsche Presse-Agentur (German Press Agency) DPA, Dhaka, 5 May 2006

At one time this article had been archived and may possibly still be accessible [here]

[accessed 4 September 2011]

The women and children, some as young as five-years-old, were brought by the traffickers from four neighbourhood districts with false promises of lucrative jobs in India.

But they are mostly forced into prostitution as they illegally enter India, said Adhikar, a local non-government charity for children from poor families.

Church Mission Society Drive Against Sex Trade in Bangladesh

Maria Mackay, Christian Today, September 8, 2005

www.christiantoday.com/article/church.mission.society.drive.against.sex.trade.in.bangladesh/3895.htm

[accessed 21 January 2011]

Women particularly at risk are those living in areas where HIV is still relatively uncommon, with most of the trafficked women are sold in to Mumbhai, Rajasthan and Bihar in India. Girls can be sold into the sex trade for as little as 1000 takka (£10).

Bangla prostitution racket busted [PDF]

Source: Goa DESC Resource Centre. “Bangla Prostitution Racket Busted”

-- Retrieved from www.goacom.org/news/getStory.php?ID=1732 on September 8, 2006

www.unescobkk.org/fileadmin/user_upload/arsh/Country_Profiles/Bangladesh/Chapter_3.pdf

[accessed 21 January 2011]

[page 12]  A prostitution racket with links in Bangladesh operating in the state has been busted by the Goa police.  The Crime Branch team laid a trap and arrested three women who had forced a Bangladeshi girl, Mallika (real name has been withheld) into prostitution.  The women, who procured the 16-year old Mallika from Bangladesh, are believed to have been operating in the states of Maharashtra and Gujarat, besides Goa.  Mallika, hailing from a poverty stricken family, was approached by a ‘sympathetic looking’ Bangladeshi woman, who offered to take the girl to Mumbai with the promise that the family would see a change in their fortunes.

U.S. Report On Human Trafficking Reveals  Scope Of Modern-Day Slavery

David Gollust, Voice of America VOA News, Washington DC, June 3, 2005

At one time this article had been archived and may possibly still be accessible [here]

[accessed 4 September 2011]

He said several countries listed in the bottom category last year, including Guyana and Bangladesh, were moved up this year because of remedial steps.

Human Trafficking Becomes Attractive

Nation.ittefaq.com, 11 February 2005 – Source: nation.ittefaq.com/artman/publish/printer_16178.shtml

Click [here] to connect to the article.  Its URL is not displayed because of its length

[accessed 21 January 2011]

They said tens of thousands of women and children are trafficked out each year from Bangladesh, one of the poorest countries in the world. Poverty provides traffickers with people who have no alternatives for survival. They trust the offers of work or marriage abroad, which promise security but lead them to slavery.

Child camel jockeys find hope

Lucy Williamson, BBC News, Dubai, February 4, 2005

newswww.bbc.net.uk/2/hi/south_asia/4236123.stm

[accessed 21 January 2011]

Children from Pakistan, Bangladesh and Sudan are still being smuggled to the United Arab Emirates to work as camel jockeys, despite a law passed two years ago banning their use.  It is not uncommon for child jockeys to fall off and be injured while racing, and their illegal status means race track owners are often reluctant to take them to hospital.  Instead, says Ansar Burney, the boys often arrive with broken hands or broken legs. And many, he says, have been sodomized.

Freedom House Country Report - Political Rights: 4   Civil Liberties: 4   Status: Partly Free

2009 Edition

www.freedomhouse.org/report/freedom-world/2009/bangladesh

[accessed 26 June 2012]

Human Rights Overview

Human Rights Watch

www.hrw.org/asia/bangladesh

[accessed 21 January 2011]

U.S. Library of Congress - Country Study

Library of Congress Call Number DS393.4 .B372 1989

lcweb2.loc.gov/frd/cs/bdtoc.html

[accessed 21 January 2011]

Four Nations Move Against Trafficking in Response to U.S. Report

Bureau of International Information Programs, U.S. Department of State, 10 September 2004

iipdigital.usembassy.gov/st/english/texttrans/2004/09/20040910174056cmretrop0.6162226.html#axzz3BcSBZV3F

[accessed 27 August 2014]

Bangladesh, Ecuador, Guyana and Sierra Leone have acted rapidly over the last few months to reduce human trafficking in their borders. In so doing, they have avoided U.S.-imposed sanctions, according to a White House announcement September 10.

The United States issued a warning of sorts in June when it released its annual survey of human trafficking activities worldwide. These four nations were cast in the lowest ranking, reflecting their inaction in lawmaking and law enforcement to control human trafficking through their borders.

Sexual Slavery in Southern California Today?  Epidemic, Say Officials

February 9, 2004 – Source: www.scientology.org/news-media/news/2004/040209.html

groups.yahoo.com/group/Shetubondhon/message/7981?l=1

[accessed 21 January 2011]

She was a teenage girl from an impoverished village in Bangladesh. The American couple offered her transport to America and a better life: a nice job as their nanny and housekeeper, wages and opportunity. The dream offer dissolved into a nightmare as soon as she reached sunny Southern California. The couple informed her she owed them a huge sum for bringing her into the country and forced her to work without wages for years in their home, where she was repeatedly raped and beaten by the husband and abused by the wife. After three failed attempts, and with the help of good Samaritans, she finally escaped.

India Human Rights Report

NetCent Communications -- Data Source: US Department of State Bureau of Consular Affairs

www.ncbuy.com/reference/country/humanrights.html?code=in&sec=6f

[accessed 21 January 2011]

TRAFFICKING IN PERSONS - In West Bengal, the organized traffic in illegal Bangladeshi immigrants was a principal source of bonded labor. Calcutta was a convenient transit point for traffickers who send Bangladeshis to New Delhi, Mumbai, Uttar Pradesh, and the Middle East.

Ground-breaking surveys expose plight of Bangladesh's working children

International Labour Organization ILO, Bangkok, 7 June 2004

www.ilo.org/public/english/region/asro/bangkok/public/releases/yr2004/pr04_15.htm

At one time this article had been archived and may possibly still be accessible [here]

The most detailed picture ever compiled of the conditions endured by Bangladesh’s most disadvantaged children - those working in what are classified as the worst forms of child labour – has revealed that many are working 10 hours a day, 6 days a week, sometimes for only food and a bed.

Despite these gruelling hours the vast majority receive little or even no wages. Youngsters recharging and filling batteries averaged Tk.313 (US$ 5.30) a month while street children – who earn by collecting old paper, street selling, shining shoes, portering or begging -  averaged just Tk.288 (US$4.85) a month.  Those in the transport sector did best, averaging Tk.1,417 (US$24) a month.  Yet even these low earnings figures paint a misleading picture of the children’s welfare. For example, while the average monthly wages of those in auto workshops is TK. 470 (US$ 8), 40 per cent of these children said they received no wages, just food and lodging.

Help Us Liberate The World's Slaves

Keith Skillicorn, 2006

www.webspawner.com/users/liberateslaves/

[accessed 21 January 2011]

During my 31 years of Community Service in India and Bangladesh, mainly involved in Community Development, Rural Education, Leprosy Control and the support of Widows and Orphans, I was stunned by another major problem, thought by many to no longer exist in this 21st. Century - SLAVERY - SLAVERY's MAIN VICTIMS ARE WOMEN - SPARE THEM A KIND THOUGHT

During my 31 years spent in India and Bangladesh, particularly during two periods of famine, I saw hundreds of people enslaved as "Bonded Labourers", most being forced to work in such places as biri (cigarette) / carpet factories and brick kilns with females also forced into prostitution (sexual slavery).

Combating Trafficking Of Women And Children In South Asia [PDF]

Staff and consultants of the Asian Development Bank, April 2003

www.adb.org/Documents/Books/Combating_Trafficking/Regional_Synthesis_Paper.pdf

[accessed 21 January 2011]

[page 89]  4.5.2 ENFORCEMENT OF LAWS AGAINST TRAFFICKING - The Government of Bangladesh itself acknowledges serious problems in the enforcement of laws against trafficking, including the 2000 Act. In its 1997 report to the CEDAW Committee, the Government noted that implementation of the laws was weak, in part because members of law enforcement were often themselves involved in trafficking activities, and that the laws were sometimes misapplied with the result that victims were charged with immoral behavior and put in jail. In general, the Government noted that the judicial system is difficult for women to access, since court proceedings are lengthy and court officials are often hostile or unsympathetic to them. The Government acknowledged that law enforcement authorities and the judiciary need to be better sensitized, and that the repatriation of Bangladeshi women who have been trafficked to other countries also needs to be facilitated.

Child Traffickers Prey on Bangladesh

Somini Sengupta, The New York Times, Dhaka, April 29, 2002

query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9C01E1D61E3EF93AA15757C0A9649C8B63

[accessed 21 January 2011]

Nuru Miah's hands show the hazards of his vocation: a small scar on the back of his right palm marks where a camel once sunk its teeth.  Nuru, now around 10, spent two years as a camel jockey in the Dubai desert.  How his parents were persuaded to send him to the Persian Gulf is unclear, though promises of a better life, perhaps a little money, are the conventional sales pitches. What is known is that he was sent from his home, a village south of here, when he was about 7.

Once he arrived in Dubai, his meals were rationed to make sure he did not gain much weight. He was whipped when he was disagreeable. Still, he was luckier than many of his peers. Other little boys with whom he worked, he recalled, tumbled from the camels and broke their bones.  Nuru, the son of landless peasants, is among an untold number of children who are taken out of this country each year by traffickers. Some are kidnapped, others are sold.

Choosing Death by Fire Over Marriage - Forced Marriages Are Driving Some Women to Self-Immolation

Leela Jacinto, ABC News, Dec. 11

abcnews.go.com/International/story?id=79767&page=1

[accessed 21 January 2011]

The abduction came as a complete surprise to Miah, a London-based community youth activist who had been dating Shipa for several years.  Shipa's family had earlier accepted a marriage proposal put forth in the "correct way" by Miah's family, and the young Briton was unaware that her parents had no intention of actually allowing their daughter to marry a man of her choice.

On the morning of Oct. 12, 1995, Shipa was whisked to a cousin's place near Heathrow Airport, then flown to Bangladesh. She was not informed about her family's plans for her future until just a few hours before boarding the plane.

Factbook on Global Sexual Exploitation - Bangladesh

Coalition Against Trafficking in Women, Factbook on Global Sexual Exploitation

www.uri.edu/artsci/wms/hughes/banglad.htm

[accessed 21 January 2011]

TRAFFICKING - Police estimate more than 15,000 women and children are smuggled out of Bangladesh every year.

Child Labour Persists Around The World: More Than 13 Percent Of Children 10-14 Are Employed

International Labour Organisation (ILO) News, Geneva, 10 June 1996

www.ilo.org/global/about-the-ilo/press-and-media-centre/news/WCMS_008058/lang--en/index.htm

[accessed 9 September 2011]

"Today's child worker will be tomorrow's uneducated and untrained adult, forever trapped in grinding poverty. No effort should be spared to break that vicious circle", says ILO Director-General Michel Hansenne.

Among the countries with a high percentage of their children from 10-14 years in the work force are: Mali, 54.5 percent; Burkina Faso, 51; Niger and Uganda, both 45; Kenya, 41.3; Senegal, 31.4; Bangladesh, 30.1; Nigeria, 25.8; Haiti, 25; Turkey, 24; Côte d'Ivoire, 20.5; Pakistan, 17.7; Brazil, 16.1; India, 14.4; China, 11.6; and Egypt, 11.2.

The Department of Labor’s 2004 Findings on the Worst Forms of Child Labor

U.S. Dept of Labor Bureau of International Labor Affairs, 2005

www.dol.gov/ilab/media/reports/iclp/tda2004/bangladesh.htm

[accessed 21 January 2011]

INCIDENCE AND NATURE OF CHILD LABOR - Children are trafficked internally, externally, and through Bangladesh for purposes of domestic service, marriage, sale of organs, bonded labor, and sexual exploitation.  The problem of child trafficking is compounded by the low rate of birth registration, since children without legal documents have no proof that they are underage, and the lack of enforcement at the borders.  India and the Middle East are the primary destinations for trafficked children.  Children are trafficked from rural areas of Bangladesh to its larger cities, and to countries in the Gulf region and the Middle East.  Young boys are trafficked to the United Arab Emirates (UAE) and Qatar to work as camel jockeys.  However, some progress has been made in stemming the trafficking of children to the region.

Human Rights Reports » 2005 Country Reports on Human Rights Practices

U.S. Dept of State Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights, and Labor, March 8, 2006

www.state.gov/g/drl/rls/hrrpt/2005/61705.htm

[accessed 21 January 2011]

TRAFFICKING IN PERSONS – There was extensive trafficking in both women and children, primarily to India, Pakistan, Bahrain, the United Arab Emirates (UAE), Kuwait, and destinations within the country, mainly for prostitution and in some instances for labor servitude. Some boys were trafficked to the Middle East to be used as camel jockeys.

According to government sources, law enforcement personnel recovered 139 victims of trafficking during the year. A cooperative effort between NGOs, the government, and the UAE, resulted in the repatriation of 164 camel jockeys, 159 of whom were reunited with their biological parents. The other five remained in NGO shelters at year's end, receiving social and vocation skills training while the NGO attempted to locate their families.

BNWLA rescued 314 trafficking victims from within the country and repatriated 32 others from the UAE and India during the year. The number of persons arrested for trafficking was difficult to obtain, as charges against traffickers were sometimes for lesser crimes, such as crossing borders without proper documents. According to the Center for Women and Child Services, most trafficked boys were under 10 years of age, while most trafficked girls were between 11 and 16 years of age.

The exact number of women and children trafficked was unknown. Most trafficked persons were lured by promises of good jobs or marriage, and some were forced into involuntary servitude outside of and within the country. Parents sometimes willingly sent their children away to escape poverty. Unwed mothers, orphans, and others outside of the normal family support system were also susceptible. Traffickers living abroad often arrived in a village to marry a woman, only to dispose of her upon arrival in the destination country, where women were sold into bonded labor, menial jobs, or prostitution. Criminal gangs conducted some of the trafficking. The border with India was loosely controlled, especially around Jessore and Benapole, making illegal border crossings easy.

Concluding Observations of the Committee on the Rights of the Child (CRC)

UN Convention on the Rights of the Child, 30 September 2003

www1.umn.edu/humanrts/crc/bangladesh2003.html

[accessed 21 January 2011]

[73] The Committee is deeply concerned at the high incidence of trafficking in children for purposes of prostitution, domestic service and to serve as camel jockeys and at the lack of long‑term, concentrated efforts on the part of the State party to combat this phenomenon.

All material used herein reproduced under the fair use exception of 17 USC § 107 for noncommercial, nonprofit, and educational use.  PLEASE RESPECT COPYRIGHTS OF COMPONENT ARTICLES.  Cite this webpage as: Patt, Prof. Martin, "Human Trafficking & Modern-day Slavery - Bangladesh", http://gvnet.com/humantrafficking/Bangladesh.htm, [accessed <date>]

 

 
Torture in  [Bangladesh]  [other countries]
Human Trafficking in  [Bangladesh]  [other countries]
Street Children in  [Bangladesh]  [other countries]
Child Prostitution in  [Bangladesh]  [other countries]