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Human Trafficking & Modern-day Slavery

Poverty drives the unsuspecting poor into the hands of traffickers

Published reports & articles from 2000 to 2025                          

Kingdom of Norway

The Norwegian economy is a prosperous bastion of welfare capitalism, featuring a combination of free market activity and government intervention. The government controls key areas, such as the vital petroleum sector, through large-scale state enterprises. The country is richly endowed with natural resources - petroleum, hydropower, fish, forests, and minerals - and is highly dependent on the petroleum sector, which accounts for nearly half of exports and over 30% of state revenue.  [The World Factbook, U.S.C.I.A. 2009]

Description: Description: Description: Norway

Norway is a destination country for women and girls trafficked from Nigeria, Bulgaria, Brazil, Estonia, Ghana, Eritrea, Cameroon, Kenya, and the Democratic Republic of Congo for the purpose of commercial sexual exploitation. Victims from Africa and Brazil are frequently trafficked through Italy, Spain, Morocco, and the Balkans. Men and children are trafficked from Thailand, the United Kingdom, India, Sri Lanka, Romania, and Bulgaria to Norway for the purposes of domestic servitude and forced labor in the construction industry. Children in Norwegian refugee centers are vulnerable to human trafficking. - U.S. State Dept Trafficking in Persons Report, June, 2009  Check out a later country report here and possibly a full TIP Report here


CAUTION:  The following links have been culled from the web to illuminate the situation in Norway.  Some of these links may lead to websites that present allegations that are unsubstantiated or even false.  No attempt has been made to validate their authenticity or to verify their content.



If you are looking for material to use in a term-paper, you are advised to scan the postings on this page and others to see which aspects of Human Trafficking are of particular interest to you.  Would you like to write about Forced-Labor?  Debt Bondage? Prostitution? Forced Begging? Child Soldiers? Sale of Organs? etc.  On the other hand, you might choose to include precursors of trafficking such as poverty and hunger. There is a lot to the subject of Trafficking.  Scan other countries as well.  Draw comparisons between activity in adjacent countries and/or regions.  Meanwhile, check out some of the Term-Paper resources that are available on-line.


Check out some of the Resources for Teachers attached to this website.

HELP for Victims

The Norwegian Directorate of Immigration
23 35 16 00
Country code: 47-



Call for residency for human trafficking victims

Norwegian Church Aid NCA, 10 November 2004

At one time this article had been archived and may possibly still be accessible [here]

[accessed 9 September 2011]

“It’s all well and good that our legal system takes human trafficking seriously,” said Atle Sommerfeldt, General Secretary of Norwegian Church Aid, in a statement released yesterday. But he questioned whether Norwegian authorities are doing enough to protect girls who dare to testify in such cases.

“I understand that the authorities cannot automatically grant full residency to everyone, but in cases such as this, witnesses need to be protected, and we should allow these women at least temporary residence in Norway,” he continued.

Human trafficking case gets underway

Kjetil Kolsrud & Nina Berglund, Aftenposten, November 9, 2004

[accessed 28 June 2013]

The two women, according to prosecutors, were then moved to Stockholm before being sent on to Norway. They arrived in Oslo on December 1, 2001 and were taken to a flat in the fashionable neighborhood of Homansbyen, just behind the Royal Palace.  Once there, they were repeatedly raped by two men assigned to guard them. Police claim they also were injected with heroin, to make them more submissive.

STRIPPED AND PEDDLED FOR SALE - A few days later, a Norwegian man showed up at the flat with a camera. Both women were stripped and photographed, and then advertised for sale in a local newspaper handed out for free. Customers started calling, and the men withheld all the money that customers paid to beat, rape and abuse the women. The abuse included being burned with cigarettes.

*** ARCHIVES ***

2020 Country Reports on Human Rights Practices: Norway

U.S. Dept of State Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights, and Labor, 30 March 2021

[accessed 20 June 2021]


In 2019 police received 62 reports of violations of the labor law, 10 violations of other related laws, and no reports of forced labor from the Norwegian Labor Inspection Authority (NLIA).


While employers generally observed minimum age rules, there were reports that children were trafficked for forced labor (see section 7.b.). Children were subjected to forced begging and criminal activity, particularly drug smuggling and theft. Commercial sexual exploitation of children also occurred. There were also reports of children forced to work as unpaid domestic help.

Freedom House Country Report

2020 Edition

[accessed 8 July 2020]


The principle of equality of opportunity and legal protections against economic exploitation are generally upheld. The government has been active in combating labor and sex trafficking and works to provide services to victims, though the US State Department has recommended that Norwegian authorities increase training and dedicate resources for police, prosecutors, and others responsible for handling trafficking cases.

Human trafficking witnesses can stay in Norway

Catherine Stein Aftenposten June 12, 2008

[accessed 28 June 2013]

The most recent human trafficking trial took place in Bergen in Western Norway in January. Four men from Romania were given two-year sentences and have subsequently left the country. The women who testified against them feel let down by the Norwegian authorities. They were told by police and welfare services that they were likely to be allowed to stay if they testified. Shortly after delivering testimony crucial for the prosecution, their application to stay in Norway was turned down.

"I feel used by the Norwegian authorities. I would never have come forward if I had known that I was going to be thrown out afterwards," one witnesses told daily newspaper VG.

She is currently in hiding, fearing that the traffickers' accomplices will find her. By confronting them in court she feels that she has put herself in danger. If she is returned to Romania her situation will become impossible. She has appealed to the Norwegian Immigration Appeals Board.

Actions Against Human Trafficking

Iceland Review, 11 June 2008

[accessed 14 December 2010]

[accessed 4 May 2020]

The prototype of this strategy came from Norway where a similar plan was put into action in 2003. The size of human trafficking was unknown then, and it was even believed that human trafficking in Norway did not exist. That has proved to be wrong and since the plan was introduced in Norway, 204 possible victims of human trafficking have been discovered.

Falling Short of the Mark: An International Study on the Treatment of Human Trafficking Victims [PDF]

The Future Group, March 2006

[accessed 6 February 2011]

[accessed 4 February 2019]

NORWAY - Norway is complying with its international obligations under the Trafficking Protocol for the protection of victims of human trafficking, and it is a signatory to the European Trafficking Convention. In February 2003, Norway launched a national action plan to combat trafficking in persons.

RESIDENCE - Regardless of whether they are willing to cooperate with investigators, trafficking victims in Norway may be granted a 45-day .reflection period. or .grace period. to obtain assistance and counseling before they may be subject to deportation. In practice, Norway has granted temporary residence permits to victims that are willing to cooperate in major trafficking cases, skipping the .reflection period. For victims that are repatriated, the Ministry of Foreign Affairs is supporting rehabilitation programs with local NGOs and countries of origin.

Georgians Convicted Of White Slavery

Nina Berglund, Aftenposten, February 15, 2005

[accessed 24 April 2012]

An Oslo court Tuesday convicted two men from Georgia of keeping two women as virtual slaves.  The women were raped, held captive in an Oslo flat and forced into prostitution.  The women, one from Russia and the other from Lithuania, were brought to Norway by the men and forced into prostitution from an Oslo flat. Neither was allowed to keep any of the money that their male customers paid.

One in 12 children forced into world's 'worst forms' of labor: UNICEF UK

Agence France-Presse AFP, London, February 21, 2005

[accessed 2 September 2012]

[accessed 20 February 2019]

UNICEF UK lauded the pledge of developed countries, made more than 30 years ago, of allocating 0.7 percent of gross domestic product to development aid but regretted that only five countries today fulfill that promise -- Denmark, Norway, the Netherlands, Luxembourg and Sweden.

Against Trafficking

Source: By the Norwegian Ministry of Children and Family Affairs

[accessed 14 December 2010]

In 2003, Norway launched its first Plan of Action to Combat Trafficking in Women and Children. This action plan contains measures to protect and assist the victims, prevent human trafficking and prosecute the organizers.

The Norwegian Ministry of Foreign Affairs' measures to combat HUMAN TRAFFICKING under the Government's Plan of Action - Report on efforts carried out 2007

Section for Global Initiatives and Gender Equality, Dept. for UN, Peace and Humanitarian Affairs 5 February 2008

[accessed 20 February 2019]

This report gives an account of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs’ follow-up of the Government’s Plan of Action, and will form part of the inter-ministerial working group’s overall report on Norway’s efforts to combat human trafficking. This report focuses on the work carried out in 2007, but it also refers to efforts dating back as far as 2000, as many activities extend over several years. This applies in particular to the summary and the appended list of projects and statistical information.

Factbook on Global Sexual Exploitation - Norway

Coalition Against Trafficking in Women

[accessed 14 December 2010]

TRAFFICKING - In Norway’s most northern county, trafficking and prostitution is an increasing problem. Organized from the Norwegian and Russian sides of the border, 150 women a week are transported for prostitution. (Norwegian consulate in Murmansk, "Statement by the Network North Against Prostitution and Violence").

Workshop on “Good” and “Bad” Practices Regarding the Image of Women in the Media

- the case of trafficking in human beings for the purpose of sexual exploitation

Council of Europe, Palais de l'Europe, Strasbourg, 28-29 September 1998

[accessed 28 August 2011]


Concluding Observations of the Committee on the Rights of the Child (CRC)

UN Convention on the Rights of the Child, 3 June 2005

[accessed 14 December 2010]

[3] The Committee welcomes a number of measures taken by the State party to implement and strengthen the protection of the rights covered by the Optional Protocol, including the 2003-2005 National Plan of Action to Combat trafficking …

Stop trafficking of women!

Norwegian Church Aid NCA, 07 March 2005

At one time this article had been archived and may possibly still be accessible [here]

[accessed 9 September 2011]

[right col]  Elena was 16 years old when she was sold, raped and smuggled from her native Albania across half of Europe before arriving in Oslo where she was forced to work as a prostitute. A pimp threatened to kill her family if she refused to work, and Elena became so scared that she didn't dare to do anything else. Today, Elena is back in Albania. She requires permanent protection. It's one thing to get off the streets, but it's another thing entirely to escape the traffickers. They will follow Elena for the rest of her life.


Human Rights Reports » 2005 Country Reports on Human Rights Practices

U.S. Dept of State Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights, and Labor, March 8, 2006

[accessed 10 February 2020]

TRAFFICKING IN PERSONS – Police identified a number of possible victims trafficked by organized criminals for the purpose of sexual exploitation. Most of these suspected victims were women from Russia, Albania, Italy, Eastern Europe, and the Baltic states. Suspected victims were often reluctant to press charges, making it difficult for police to identify and assist them and to prosecute traffickers.

Government officials believed that organized crime groups were responsible for most trafficking. Traffickers used threats, violence, rape, and confinement to enforce victims' compliance. Government authorities suspected they may also confiscate travel documents and subject victims to debt bondage.

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