Main Menu
Human Trafficking

Prevalence, Abuse & Exploitation of Street Children

In the first decade of the 21st Century                                                 

Kingdom of Norway

The Norwegian economy is a prosperous bastion of welfare capitalism, featuring a combination of free market activity and government intervention. The government controls key areas, such as the vital petroleum sector, through large-scale state enterprises. The country is richly endowed with natural resources - petroleum, hydropower, fish, forests, and minerals - and is highly dependent on the petroleum sector, which accounts for nearly half of exports and over 30% of state revenue.  [The World Factbook, U.S.C.I.A. 2009]

Description: Norway

CAUTION:  The following links and accompanying text have been culled from the web to illuminate the situation in Norway.  Some of these links may lead to websites that present allegations that are unsubstantiated or even false.  No attempt has been made to validate their authenticity or to verify their content.



If you are looking for material to use in a term-paper, you are advised to scan the postings on this page and others to see which aspect(s) of street life are of particular interest to you.  You might be interested in exploring how children got there, how they survive, and how some manage to leave the street.  Perhaps your paper could focus on how some street children abuse the public and how they are abused by the public … and how they abuse each other.  Would you like to write about market children? homeless children?  Sexual and labor exploitation? begging? violence? addiction? hunger? neglect? etc.  There is a lot to the subject of Street Children.  Scan other countries as well as this one.  Draw comparisons between activity in adjacent countries and/or regions.  Meanwhile, check out some of the Term-Paper resources that are available on-line.


Check out some of the Resources for Teachers attached to this website.


Finding Jewels In The Gutter

Ana Swierstra Bie, Share International, April 1999

[accessed 29 June 2011]

ARNE SKARPSNO AND HIS WIFE, GERD, HAVE SPENT ELEVEN YEARS MAKING MEALS AND DISTRIBUTING THEM TO THOSE LIVING ON THE STREETS OF OSLO, NORWAY - AND HAVE  FOUND A SOURCE OF LOVE LIKE NO OTHER - Eleven years ago pensioner Arne Skarpsno discovered that while institutions were closed for the summer many drug addicts, glue-sniffers, prostitutes, alcoholics and other homeless people were actually starving on the streets of Oslo. The impulse to do something was strong. Other people went off on holiday, but Arne and his wife Gerd put their camping table and lots of home-made sandwiches in the car and drove to a place in the city where addicts usually hang out.


*** ARCHIVES ***

Human Rights Reports » 2005 Country Reports on Human Rights Practices

U.S. Dept of State Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights, and Labor, March 8, 2006

[accessed 10 February 2020]

CHILDREN - The government was strongly committed to children's rights and welfare; it amply funded systems of education and medical care.

The government provides free education for children through the postsecondary level. Education is compulsory for 10 years, or through the tenth grade; most children stay in school at least until the age of 18. The UN Children's Fund (UNICEF) reported a school attendance rate of 100 percent in 2004.

Homelessness in Norway

Ana Swierstra Bie, Share International, April 1999

[accessed 29 June 2011]

A REPORT ON INCREASING HOMELESSNESS IN NORWAY, CAUSES AND ATTEMPTS TO STEM THE TIDE AGAINST ENTRENCHED SOCIAL/POLITICAL INDIFFERENCE - About 61 per cent of the homeless are drug or alcohol addicts while 21 per cent have a mental illness which needs treatment. Like the trend in many other countries, psychiatric services have seen their capacity to cope greatly reduced in the last 10-15 years. Again, as in many countries, the voluntary sector and charities are picking up the pieces that governmental welfare services cannot deal with.

Child Poverty in Rich Countries, 2005 [PDF]

United Nations Children's Fund UNICEF Innocenti Research Centre, Florence, 2005 -- Innocenti Report Card No.6

[accessed 29 June 2011]

[accessed 26 December 2016]

[page 4]  KEY FINDINGS  - At the top of the child poverty league are Denmark and Finland with child poverty rates of less than 3 per cent. At the bottom are the United States and Mexico, with child poverty rates of more than 20 per cent (Figure 1).

Over the latest ten-year period for which comparable data are available, the proportion of children living in poverty has risen in 17 out of 24 OECD countries (Figure 2).

Norway is the only OECD country where child poverty can be described as ‘very low and continuing to fall’.

Higher government spending on family and social benefits is clearly associated with lower child poverty rates.

All material used herein reproduced under the fair use exception of 17 USC § 107 for noncommercial, nonprofit, and educational use.  PLEASE RESPECT COPYRIGHTS OF COMPONENT ARTICLES.  Cite this webpage as: Patt, Prof. Martin, "Street Children - Norway",, [accessed <date>]