Main Menu
Human Trafficking
Street Children


The Commercial Sexual Exploitation of Children

In the early years of the 21st Century, 2000 to 2025                      

Kingdom of Norway

The Norwegian economy is a prosperous bastion of welfare capitalism, featuring a combination of free market activity and government intervention. The government controls key areas, such as the vital petroleum sector, through large-scale state enterprises. The country is richly endowed with natural resources - petroleum, hydropower, fish, forests, and minerals - and is highly dependent on the petroleum sector, which accounts for nearly half of exports and over 30% of state revenue.  [The World Factbook, U.S.C.I.A. 2009]

Description: Description: Norway

CAUTION:  The following links and accompanying text have been culled from the web to illuminate the situation in Norway.  Some of these links may lead to websites that present allegations that are unsubstantiated, misleading or even false.   No attempt has been made to validate their authenticity or to verify their content.



If you are looking for material to use in a term-paper, you are advised to scan the postings on this page and others to see which aspects of child prostitution are of particular interest to you.  You might be interested in exploring how children got started, how they survive, and how some succeed in leaving.  Perhaps your paper could focus on runaways and the abuse that led to their leaving.  Other factors of interest might be poverty, rejection, drug dependence, coercion, violence, addiction, hunger, neglect, etc.  On the other hand, you might choose to write about the manipulative and dangerous adults who control this activity.  There is a lot to the subject of Child Prostitution.  Scan other countries as well as this one.  Draw comparisons between activity in adjacent countries and/or regions.  Meanwhile, check out some of the Term-Paper resources that are available on-line.


Check out some of the Resources for Teachers attached to this website.

HELP for Victims

The Norwegian Directorate of Immigration
23 35 16 00
Country code: 47-



New Norway law bans buying of sex

BBC News, 1 January 2009

[accessed 29 June 2011]

A new law has come into force in Norway making the purchase of sex illegal.   Norwegian citizens caught paying for prostitutes at home or abroad could face a hefty fine or a six-month prison sentence, authorities say.   The prison sentence could be extended to three years in cases of child prostitution.   The Norwegian authorities say they want to stamp out sex tourism and street prostitution by targeting clients rather than prostitutes.

Critics of the new regulations say prostitution will simply be driven underground and will be more difficult to control.

Thematic Reports - Mechanisms of the Commission on Human Rights

Special Rapporteur on the Sale of children, child prostitution, child pornography (E/CN.4/2000/73, para. 77)

At one time this article had been archived and may possibly still be accessible [here]

[accessed 29 June 2011]

The study examined the entry of 10 young girls into prostitution; this had occurred when all of them were under 16 and the study found that eight of them had had a traumatic childhood, with broken homes, neglect, violence, alcohol abuse, uncertainty and betrayal. Some were sexually abused. On average, they had their first experience with drugs at age 12, first sex at 13, prostitution debut at 14. Some explained that their entry into prostitution had been a cry for help, a "solution" to a difficult childhood, a wish for love, to be seen and acknowledged.

Commercial Sexual Exploitation of Children in the Baltic Sea Region

The Baltic Sea States Support Group, Prime Minister's Office · S-103 33, Stockholm SWEDEN, March 1998

[accessed 29 June 2011]

THE TASK FORCE ON ORGANIZED CRIME IN THE BALTIC SEA REGION - The Task Force has provided the Expert Group with information about the existence of child prostitution and/or child pornography in the form of organized crime in the Member States.   Norway has stated that child prostitution exists to a minor extent, but there is no evidence for calling it generally speaking a form of organized crime in Norway.


*** ARCHIVES ***

ECPAT Country Monitoring Report [PDF]

Alessia Altamura, ECPAT International, 2012

[accessed 6 September 2020]

Desk review of existing information on the sexual exploitation of children (SEC) in Norway. The report looks at protection mechanisms, responses, preventive measures, child and youth participation in fighting SEC, and makes recommendations for action against SEC.

Human Rights Reports » 2019 Country Reports on Human Rights Practices

U.S. Dept of State Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights, and Labor, March 10, 2020

[accessed 6 September 2020]

SEXUAL EXPLOITATION OF CHILDREN - Commercial sexual exploitation of children younger than 18 is illegal, both in the country and abroad when committed by a citizen of the country. In both cases the punishment is either a fine or a prison sentence of up to two years. Child pornography is also illegal and punishable by a fine or a prison sentence of up to three years. The government generally enforced the law. The minimum age for consensual sex is 16.

Concluding Observations of the Committee on the Rights of the Child (CRC)

UN Convention on the Rights of the Child, 3 June 2005

[accessed 14 December 2010]

[3] The Committee welcomes a number of measures taken by the State party to implement and strengthen the protection of the rights covered by the Optional Protocol, including the 2003-2005 National Plan of Action to Combat trafficking, the special Plan of Action on Children’s and Young People’s Use of the Internet and the Awareness, Facts and Tools Protect to disseminate knowledge about safe use of the Internet and combat sexual abuse of children and sexual exploitation of children

[4] The Committee also notes with satisfaction the incorporation of the Optional Protocol into Norwegian Law by the Human Rights Act in October 2003.

Five Years After Stockholm [PDF]

ECPAT: Fifth Report on implementation of the Agenda for Action

ECPAT International, November 2001

[accessed 13 September 2011]

[B] COUNTRY UPDATES – NORWAY – According to ECPAT Norway, child pornography and child sex tourism are the most problematic aspects of CSEC in the country.  In terms of prevention, the Rafto Foundation has conducted several seminars, as well as capacity building and awareness raising activities for different groups such as the police, teachers, and youth.

Finding Jewels In The Gutter

Ana Swierstra Bie, Share International, April 1999

[accessed 29 June 2011]

After some initial skepticism, the street-children quickly realized that here was someone who sincerely wanted to help, without asking anything in return.  During that summer they made about 4,000 sandwiches, and when the institutions reopened Arne had no inclination to stop the work. The drug-addicts, prostitutes, criminals, homeless and alcoholics had become "their kids" - whatever their ages.

ECPAT Norway

ECPAT International

At one time this article had been archived and may possibly still be accessible [here]

[accessed 29 June 2011]

ACTIVITIES - The organisation supported the participation of youth in a number of CSEC projects, workshops and conferences benefiting their personal development and the movement to stop CSEC. Specifically, ECPAT Norway supported youth participation at Yokohama and the participation of a number of young people from Norway at the Youth Council, in Johannesburg and Sigtuna.

In January 2002, the organisation delivered a report to the Minister of Family and Children Affairs analyzing the situation of CSEC in Norway, which also made 42 demands on government. A meeting was held with the Ministry to discuss these important points.

Save the Children Norway is also engaging in a wide-ranging child sex tourism campaign, in which ECPAT's Code of Conduct Project for the tourism industry has been given due attention. The travel operators will distribute a brochure that has been produced by ECPAT Norway and in November, ECPAT Norway will organise a national seminar on CSEC where this campaign will be the main focus.

ECPAT Norway, working in conjunction with a number of other organisations, has made an application to a research fund to investigate the number of and the way in which children are recruited into the sex industry in Norway.

Speech before UN 59th General Assembly

Ambassadør Johan M. Løvald, New York, 18 October 2004

[accessed 29 June 2011]

We all know that chronic poverty remains the single biggest obstacle to meeting the needs of children and protecting and promoting their rights. Poverty is a breeding ground for human rights violations, and it also gives rise to conflict and child abuse. Conflict in turn reinforces poverty. We must intensify our efforts in conflict-prevention, humanitarian assistance, peacebuilding and long-term development co-operation. Norway will allocate more to development, and will seek to persuade other donor countries to do the same. The Norwegian Government’s goal is to increase our Official Development Assistance from the current level of 0.93 to 1 per cent of GNI by 2005.

One in 12 children forced into world's 'worst forms' of labor: UNICEF UK

Agence France-Presse AFP, London, February 21, 2005

[accessed 2 September 2012]

UNICEF UK said that 350 million children aged five to 17 worked, and that 180 million of them were "involved in the worst forms of child labour -- hazardous work, slavery, forced labor, in armed forces, commercial sexual exploitation and illicit activities".

UNICEF UK lauded the pledge of developed countries, made more than 30 years ago, of allocating 0.7 percent of gross domestic product to development aid but regretted that only five countries today fulfill that promise -- Denmark, Norway, the Netherlands, Luxembourg and Sweden.




ECPAT Global Monitoring Report on the status of action against commercial exploitation of children - NORWAY [PDF]

ECPAT International, 2006

[accessed 29 June 2011]

Norway is both a destination and transit country for children trafficked for sexual purposes.  Trafficked children come from the Baltic States, Southeast Europe, Africa and Asia and end up in different locations in Norway. These children are seldom exploited openly on the streets, but rather in indoor facilities and in other ways. A highly vulnerable group are the unaccompanied minors (UAM) who enter the country as refugees or through migration. Some may actually have been trafficked, and find themselves in commercial sexual exploitation and other exploitative situations after arrival. Children entering Norway through invitations for holidays and sporting events are also at such risk. It should be noted that quite a few children disappear every year from reception centres for refugees without appropriate follow up from the police concerning their whereabouts. Girls make up the majority of those exploited in prostitution, although boys are victimised as well.

Human Rights Reports » 2005 Country Reports on Human Rights Practices

U.S. Dept of State Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights, and Labor, March 8, 2006

[accessed 10 February 2020]

WOMEN - Prostitution is legal, but organized prostitution and pimping are illegal. NGOs and the government estimated that 2,500 to 3,000 persons sell sexual services. A few of these persons were men, and NGOs reported that a few persons selling sexual services appeared to be under the age of 18, although they generally claimed to be older.

All material used herein reproduced under the fair use exception of 17 USC § 107 for noncommercial, nonprofit, and educational use.  PLEASE RESPECT COPYRIGHTS OF COMPONENT ARTICLES.  Cite this webpage as: Patt, Prof. Martin, "Child Prostitution - Norway",, [accessed <date>]