Torture in  [the Slovak Republic]  [other countries]
Human Trafficking in  [the Slovak Republic]  [other countries]
Street Children in  [the Slovak Republic]  [other countries]
Child Prostitution in  [the Slovak Republic]  [other countries]
 

Human Trafficking & Modern-day Slavery

In the early years of the 21st Century                                        gvnet.com/humantrafficking/SlovakRepublic.htm

Slovak Republic (Slovakia)

Slovakia has made significant economic reforms since its separation from the Czech Republic in 1993. Reforms to the taxation, healthcare, pension, and social welfare systems helped

Slovakia's economic growth exceeded expectations in 2001-08 despite the general European slowdown. Unemployment, at an unacceptable 18% in 2003-04, dropped to 8.4% in 2008 but remains the economy's Achilles heel.  [The World Factbook, U.S.C.I.A. 2009]

Description: Description: Slovakia

The Slovak Republic is a source, transit, and limited destination country for women and girls from Moldova, Ukraine, Bulgaria, the Baltics, the Balkans, and China trafficked to the Czech Republic, Germany, Austria, Switzerland, Sweden, Italy, the Netherlands, the United Kingdom, Spain, Croatia, and Slovenia for the purpose of commercial sexual exploitation. Roma women and girls are trafficked internally for sexual exploitation and Roma children are trafficked to Austria, Italy, and Germany for the purpose of forced begging. - U.S. State Dept Trafficking in Persons Report, June, 2009  [full country report]

 

CAUTION:  The following links have been culled from the web to illuminate the situation in the Slovak Republic.  Some of these links may lead to websites that present allegations that are unsubstantiated or even false.  No attempt has been made to validate their authenticity or to verify their content.

*** FEATURED ARTICLE ***

Trafficking In Human Beings In Slovakia - Country Assessment [PDF]

International Organization for Migration IOM, 2003

www.iom.pl/res/files/traffickstop/lf_nl_7slovakia.pdf

[access date unavailable]

INTRODUCTION - TRAFFICKING IN PERSONS - Trafficking in women first appeared in Slovakia after 1989. The new freedom of movement was generally positive but, on the other hand, it also coincided with some negative phenomena such as growth of trafficking in human beings mainly for the purpose of sexual exploitation. According to the police statistics (which provide figures only in terms of “number of cases”), trafficking in women from Slovakia is continuously growing. Also, due to the lack of job opportunities in Slovakia and the poor economic situation, labor migration, legal or illegal has been on the rise especially among young people. Therefore there is an essential need to take necessary steps in order to alleviate the problem as well as to adopt adequate preventive measures, which would eliminate the risks connected with working abroad.

 

*** ARCHIVES ***

Training Roma to combat human trafficking

Council of Europe Press Division, Strasbourg, 30 October 2006

wcd.coe.int/wcd/ViewDoc.jsp?id=1056663

[accessed 28 August 2011]

Through a contribution of the Norwegian and Finnish governments, the Council of Europe is organising training courses to prevent human trafficking of Roma from Albania, Moldova and Slovakia.

Trafficking In Human Beings In Slovakia - Country Assessment [PDF]

International Organization for Migration IOM, 2003

www.iom.pl/res/files/traffickstop/lf_nl_7slovakia.pdf

[access date unavailable]

INTRODUCTION - TRAFFICKING IN PERSONS - Trafficking in women first appeared in Slovakia after 1989. The new freedom of movement was generally positive but, on the other hand, it also coincided with some negative phenomena such as growth of trafficking in human beings mainly for the purpose of sexual exploitation. According to the police statistics (which provide figures only in terms of “number of cases”), trafficking in women from Slovakia is continuously growing. Also, due to the lack of job opportunities in Slovakia and the poor economic situation, labor migration, legal or illegal has been on the rise especially among young people. Therefore there is an essential need to take necessary steps in order to alleviate the problem as well as to adopt adequate preventive measures, which would eliminate the risks connected with working abroad.

UNICEF documents sexual exploitation of children at German-Czech border

UN News, New York, 29 October, 2003

www.un.org/apps/news/story.asp?newsid=8713&cr=&cr1=

[accessed 24 June 2013]

The study says it has proof of the existence of organized international trafficking in children for sexual exploitation.  ”Children from other regions of the Czech Republic and from Central and Eastern European States are trafficked to the border regions, or from there to Germany, in order to be sexually exploited. Children from remote areas of the Czech Republic, the Slovak Republic and other countries such as Moldova, Ukraine, Lithuania and the Russian Federation were observed and questioned. Their statements and, in particular, the interviews with adult prostitutes, made it clear that gangs of pimps systematically drag minors to the German-Czech border regions and force them into prostitution,” it says.

The Department of Labor’s 2003 Findings on the Worst Forms of Child Labor

U.S. Dept of Labor Bureau of International Labor Affairs, 2004

www.dol.gov/ilab/media/reports/iclp/tda2003/slovak-republic.htm

[accessed 22 December 2010]

INCIDENCE AND NATURE OF CHILD LABOR - Girls from Slovakia are trafficked for the purpose of commercial sexual exploitation, and Slovakia is a country of origin, transit and a destination country for such victims of trafficking.  The Committee on the Rights of the Child has expressed concerns over several issues related to children. In particular, the transit of trafficked children through Slovakia for the purpose of pornography, prostitution and sex tourism has drawn attention to the need for protecting children.

Human Rights Reports » 2005 Country Reports on Human Rights Practices

U.S. Dept of State Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights, and Labor, March 8, 2006

www.state.gov/g/drl/rls/hrrpt/2005/61674.htm

[accessed 22 December 2010]

TRAFFICKING IN PERSONS – The International Organization for Migration estimated that between 100 and 200 persons are trafficked annually from or through the country, mainly for the purpose of sexual exploitation. Most of the victims trafficked through the country came from the former Soviet republics (especially Moldova and Ukraine) and Balkan countries. Victims were typically trafficked through the Czech Republic or Austria to Western Europe. Victims were typically between the ages of 18 and 25, from various social backgrounds, but particularly from areas with high unemployment. Some experts alleged that Romani women and persons raised in state institutions, because of their socioeconomic situation and less freedom of mobility, were more vulnerable to being trafficked by organized criminal gangs. Romani women were reportedly more at risk of being trafficked by known and trusted people from their communities. Other high‑risk groups included men and women looking, sometimes illegally, for seasonal work abroad and those who were ill-informed of the potential dangers.

Traffickers lured women with offers of employment, often relying on personal connections with women. Activists who worked with the few victims forced to work while transiting the country reported that most were placed as prostitutes or as exotic dancers in nightclubs. Such activity was concentrated on the border with Austria and close to Ukraine and along trucking routes with a prevalence of nightclubs. Traffickers closely monitored victims, withheld their documents, and used violence in order to ensure their compliance. Some victims allegedly were threatened with violence or even death if they attempted to escape.

Concluding Observations of the Committee on the Rights of the Child (CRC)

UN Convention on the Rights of the Child, 6 October 2000

www1.umn.edu/humanrts/crc/slovakia2000.html

[accessed 22 December 2010]

[29] Noting that the State party has signed and is in the process of acceding to the Hague Convention on Protection of Children and Cooperation in Respect of Inter-country Adoption of 1993, the Committee is concerned at the absence of clear legislative measures in this area

[49] In line with the observation of the Special Rapporteur on the sale of children, child prostitution, and child pornography, the Committee is concerned that Slovakia has become a transit country for the transport of children for pornography, prostitution and sex tourism.

The Protection Project – Slovakia [PDF]

The Paul H. Nitze School of Advanced International Studies (SAIS), The Johns Hopkins University

www.protectionproject.org/wp-content/uploads/2010/09/Slovakia.pdf

[accessed 24 February 2016]

A Human Rights Report on Trafficking in Persons, Especially Women and Children

Freedom House Country Report - Political Rights: 1   Civil Liberties: 1   Status: Free

2009 Edition

www.freedomhouse.org/report/freedom-world/2009/slovakia

[accessed 28 June 2012]

Stop Violence Against Women – Country Page

Sylvia Kralova, Fenestra, The Advocates for Human Rights, 20 May 2008

stopvaw.org/slovakia.html

[accessed 22 December 2010]

All material used herein reproduced under the fair use exception of 17 USC § 107 for noncommercial, nonprofit, and educational use.  PLEASE RESPECT COPYRIGHTS OF COMPONENT ARTICLES.

Cite this webpage as: Patt, Prof. Martin, "Human Trafficking & Modern-day Slavery – Slovak Republic", http://gvnet.com/humantrafficking/SlovakRepublic.htm, [accessed <date>]

 

 

Torture in  [the Slovak Republic]  [other countries]
Human Trafficking in  [the Slovak Republic]  [other countries]
Street Children in  [the Slovak Republic]  [other countries]
Child Prostitution in  [the Slovak Republic]  [other countries]