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Human Trafficking
Street Children


The Commercial Sexual Exploitation of Children

In the early years of the 21st Century, 2000 to 2025              

Slovak Republic (Slovakia)

Slovakia has made significant economic reforms since its separation from the Czech Republic in 1993. Reforms to the taxation, healthcare, pension, and social welfare systems helped

Slovakia's economic growth exceeded expectations in 2001-08 despite the general European slowdown. Unemployment, at an unacceptable 18% in 2003-04, dropped to 8.4% in 2008 but remains the economy's Achilles heel.  [The World Factbook, U.S.C.I.A. 2009]


CAUTION:  The following links and accompanying text have been culled from the web to illuminate the situation in Slovak Republic.  Some of these links may lead to websites that present allegations that are unsubstantiated, misleading or even false.   No attempt has been made to validate their authenticity or to verify their content.



If you are looking for material to use in a term-paper, you are advised to scan the postings on this page and others to see which aspects of child prostitution are of particular interest to you.  You might be interested in exploring how children got started, how they survive, and how some succeed in leaving.  Perhaps your paper could focus on runaways and the abuse that led to their leaving.  Other factors of interest might be poverty, rejection, drug dependence, coercion, violence, addiction, hunger, neglect, etc.  On the other hand, you might choose to write about the manipulative and dangerous adults who control this activity.  There is a lot to the subject of Child Prostitution.  Scan other countries as well as this one.  Draw comparisons between activity in adjacent countries and/or regions.  Meanwhile, check out some of the Term-Paper resources that are available on-line.


Check out some of the Resources for Teachers attached to this website.

HELP for Victims

International Organization for Migration
0850 211 478
Country code: 421-



Children in Street Prostitution - Report from the German-Czech Border [DOC]

Cathrin Schauer -- Publication by ECPAT Germany, UNICEF Germany, Horlemann Editors, Bad Honnef, 2003

[accessed 19 July 2011]

THE VICTIMS - The 40 children and young people who were interviewed for the study come from socially disadvantaged families in the regions of West-Bohemia, North-Bohemia, South-Bohemia and Slovakia. Their parents are mostly unemployed, many of them are drug and/or alcohol addicts, some of them are in prison. The children stand out because of their neglected appearance; they only rarely attend school, and it is their daily occupation to assure the income of their family. The children interviewed spoke only reluctantly about their families. Many of them were raped or sexually abused before they became involved in commercial sexual exploitation.


*** ARCHIVES ***

Human Rights Reports » 2019 Country Reports on Human Rights Practices

U.S. Dept of State Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights, and Labor, March 10, 2020

[accessed 7 September 2020]

SEXUAL EXPLOITATION OF CHILDREN - Rape and sexual violence against a child carry basic penalties of five to 10 years’ imprisonment. The law establishes 15 as the minimum age for consensual sex. In addition to prohibiting trafficking in persons, the law criminalizes the prostitution of children. These abuses were not common, and there were no obstacles to enforcement of the law.

The production, distribution, or possession of child pornography is a crime with penalties ranging from two to 20 years’ imprisonment.

The Department of Labor’s 2003 Findings on the Worst Forms of Child Labor

U.S. Dept of Labor Bureau of International Labor Affairs, 2004

[accessed 22 December 2010]

INCIDENCE AND NATURE OF CHILD LABOR - Girls from Slovakia are trafficked for the purpose of commercial sexual exploitation, and Slovakia is a country of origin, transit and a destination country for such victims of trafficking. The Committee on the Rights of the Child has expressed concerns over several issues related to children. In particular, the transit of trafficked children through Slovakia for the purpose of pornography, prostitution and sex tourism has drawn attention to the need for protecting children. Insufficient data and awareness of the phenomenon of the commercial sexual exploitation of children persist.

Concluding Observations of the Committee on the Rights of the Child (CRC)

UN Convention on the Rights of the Child, 6 October 2000

[accessed 22 December 2010]

[49] In line with the observation of the Special Rapporteur on the sale of children, child prostitution, and child pornography, the Committee is concerned that Slovakia has become a transit country for the transport of children for pornography, prostitution and sex tourism. The Committee is also concerned at reports that commercial sexual exploitation, particularly involving Russian and Ukrainian girls, is increasing and at the generally insufficient data on and awareness about the phenomenon of commercial sexual exploitation of children in Slovakia.

Five Years After Stockholm [PDF]

ECPAT: Fifth Report on implementation of the Agenda for Action

ECPAT International, November 2001

[accessed 13 September 2011]

[B] COUNTRY UPDATES – SLOVAK REPUBLIC – The Committee recommended that Slovakia undertake a national study on CSEC that would analyze the nature and extent of the problem and serve as a basis for designing appropriate measures. It also recommended a number of specific actions including awareness raising campaigns to sensitize the general public on the child's right to protection from sexual exploitation; strengthening cooperation with authorities abroad; establishing rehabilitation programs and shelters for victims of CSEC; and training personnel working with child victims.

Report by Special Rapporteur [DOC]

UN Economic and Social Council Commission on Human Rights, Fifty-ninth session, 6 January 2003$FILE/G0310090.doc

[accessed 19 July 2011]

[64] The sale and trafficking of children is a criminal offence under the Criminal Code.  Prostitution is not a criminal offence, but the Criminal Code penalizes anyone who procures prostitutes and if the offence involves children under the ages of 18 and 15, respectively, the Criminal Code assigns two stricter penalties accordingly.

Country Information - Slovakia

Terre des Hommes via its Internet platform against sexual exploitation of children in tourism

[accessed 19 July 2011]

COMMERCIAL SEXUAL EXPLOITATION OF CHILDREN IN TOURISM - Sexual exploitation of children by tourists represents a considerable problem in Slovakia. The victims are not only children from Slovakia, but also increasingly girls from Russia and the Ukraine. Slovak children are smuggled by well-organized professional trafficking gangs to various western European countries, to the Czech Republic and to Japan, where they are sexually abused and exploited. Slovakia is also a stopping place where children from Soviet Union and the Balkan states are passed over to other gangs who organize their further transport.




Human Rights Reports » 2005 Country Reports on Human Rights Practices

U.S. Dept of State Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights, and Labor, March 8, 2006

[accessed 11 February 2020]

CHILDREN - Child prostitution is prohibited. Community workers reported it was a problem in Romani settlements with the worst living conditions. During the year there were no reported cases of trafficking in children.

All material used herein reproduced under the fair use exception of 17 USC § 107 for noncommercial, nonprofit, and educational use.  PLEASE RESPECT COPYRIGHTS OF COMPONENT ARTICLES.  Cite this webpage as: Patt, Prof. Martin, "Child Prostitution – Slovak Republic",, [accessed <date>]