Torture in [Austria] [other countries]
Human Trafficking in [Austria] [other countries]
Street Children in [Austria] [other countries]
Child Prostitution in [Austria] [other countries]
 

Human Trafficking & Modern-day Slavery

In the early years of the 21st Century gvnet.com/humantrafficking/Austria.htm

Republic of Austria

Austria, with its well-developed market economy and high standard of living, is closely tied to other EU economies, especially Germany's. Its economy features a large service sector, a sound industrial sector, and a small, but highly developed agricultural sector.

Austria will need to continue restructuring, emphasizing knowledge-based sectors of the economy, and encouraging greater labor flexibility and greater labor participation to offset its aging population and exceedingly low fertility rate. [The World Factbook, U.S.C.I.A. 2009]

Description: Description: Austria

Austria is a transit and destination country for women and children trafficked from Romania, Bulgaria, Hungary, Moldova, Belarus, Ukraine, Slovakia, Nigeria, and sub-Saharan Africa for the purposes of commercial sexual exploitation and forced labor. Some of these women are trafficked through Austria to Italy, France, and Spain. Women from Africa are trafficked through Spain and Italy to Austria for the purpose of sexual exploitation. There are reports of some trafficking of foreign women and children for the purpose of forced domestic servitude and forced begging within Austria. - U.S. State Dept Trafficking in Persons Report, June, 2009 [full country report]

 

 

CAUTION: The following links have been culled from the web to illuminate the situation in Austria. Some of these links may lead to websites that present allegations that are unsubstantiated or even false. No attempt has been made to validate their authenticity or to verify their content.

*** FEATURED ARTICLE ***

How the new Fagins are bringing child slavery to Britain

Olga Craig, Bojan Pancevski, and David Harrison, The Telegraph, 04 Jun 2006

www.telegraph.co.uk/news/worldnews/europe/1520238/How-the-new-Fagins-are-bringing-child-slavery-to-Britain.html

[accessed 20 January 2011]

Two years ago, when she was 10, Dochka lost what was left of her innocence when she was sold to a band of child traffickers by her mother and aunt in Bulgaria. Bewildered and terrified, the little girl was transported to Austria, forced to learn the skills of a pickpocket and put to work.

 

*** ARCHIVES ***

Austria becomes int'l human trafficking transit point, destination

Xinhua News Agency, Vienna, Oct. 17, 2008

news.xinhuanet.com/english/2008-10/18/content_10212986.htm

[accessed 20 January 2011]

Only recent years in Vienna, intercepted children from human trafficking was up to 1,300, according to the statistic of UNICEF (United Nations Children's Fund). Silhavy pointed out that Austria has become main transit point and destination of international human trafficking due to its geographical prepotency in middle Europe. Austria will not turn a blind eye to that, she added. Besides enhancing international cooperation and striking against human trafficking crimes, the Austrian government will pay special attention to the victims, including providing psychological counseling and physical therapy, as well as the necessary humanitarian residence, Silhavy said.

Viennese police arrest nine for human trafficking

Deutsche Presse-Agentur (German Press Agency) DPA, Vienna, May 18, 2007

news.monstersandcritics.com/europe/news/article_1306116.php/Viennese_police_arrest_nine_for_human_trafficking

[accessed 20 January 2011]

Nine members of an international gang of human traffickers forcing young women into prostitution were arrested in Vienna. The men, all of them Turkish citizens aged between 32 and 43, were arrested on Monday after several months of police investigation, Georg Rabensteiner of the Vienna police department said. At least 20 women from Slovakia, Hungary and Bulgaria were brought to Austria for prostitution. It remained unclear how long the trafficking gang had been operated, as neither perpetrators nor victims are cooperating with the police.

How the new Fagins are bringing child slavery to Britain

Olga Craig, Bojan Pancevski, and David Harrison, The Telegraph, 04 Jun 2006

www.telegraph.co.uk/news/worldnews/europe/1520238/How-the-new-Fagins-are-bringing-child-slavery-to-Britain.html

[accessed 20 January 2011]

Two years ago, when she was 10, Dochka lost what was left of her innocence when she was sold to a band of child traffickers by her mother and aunt in Bulgaria. Bewildered and terrified, the little girl was transported to Austria, forced to learn the skills of a pickpocket and put to work.

Europe-Wide Human-Trafficking Ring Cracked

Associated Press AP & Reuters, May 29, 2006

www.rferl.org/content/article/1068749.html

[accessed 20 January 2011]

Authorities across Europe say they have arrested 41 Bulgarians in recent days after Italian police uncovered a trafficking network that exploited hundreds of children. The arrests were in northern Italy, Bulgaria, Germany, and Austria. Italian police say another 75 people have been placed under investigation. Charges against the suspects include enslavement, human trafficking, and drug smuggling.

Trafficking in Women to Austria for Sexual Exploitation [PDF]

International Organization for Migration IOM, Migration Information Programme, ISBN 92-9068-056-3(c), June 1996

At one time this article had been archived and may possibly still be accessible [here]

[accessed 3 September 2011]

EXECUTIVE SUMMARY - The study describes how women are trafficked to Austria from Central and Eastern European countries (CEECs). The ways in which these women were recruited and transported to Austria, and the methods that are used to control and exploit them are discussed. The study considers further how the police and the legal system have responded to this new trend, and discuss other policy issues that arise as a result of this development.

Human Rights Reports 2005 Country Reports on Human Rights Practices

U.S. Dept of State Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights, and Labor, March 8, 2006

www.state.gov/g/drl/rls/hrrpt/2005/61636.htm

[accessed 20 January 2011]

TRAFFICKING IN PERSONS While there were no accurate statistics on the number of trafficking victims, the NGO LEFOE reported assisting 167 trafficking victims in 2004, up from 142 victims in 2003. The majority of traffickers arrested by police were citizens; however, the number of foreigners engaged in trafficking increased between 2003 and 2004. Police estimated that a large portion of trafficking was controlled by organized crime, primarily from Eastern Europe. The country was attractive to traffickers because of its geographic location and because it does not require entry visas for citizens of the Czech Republic, the Slovak Republic, Hungary, Romania, and Bulgaria.

Most trafficked women were brought to the country with promises of unskilled jobs, such as nannies or waitresses. Upon arrival they were often coerced into prostitution. According to police, there also were cases of women who knowingly entered the country to work as prostitutes, but were forced into dependency akin to slavery. Most victims were in the country illegally and feared being turned into authorities and deported. Traffickers usually retained victims' official documents, including passports, to maintain control over them. Trafficking victims reported being subjected to threats and physical violence. A major deterrent to victim cooperation was widespread fear of retribution, both in the country and in the victims' countries of origin

Concluding Observations of the Committee on the Rights of the Child (CRC)

UN Convention on the Rights of the Child, 28 January 2005

sim.law.uu.nl/SIM/CaseLaw/uncom.nsf/0/f5f9eea44fdb6bcdc1256fa5003ac54d?OpenDocument

[accessed 20 January 2011]

[51] The Committee welcomes the State party's efforts in addressing the sexual abuse and child pornography, e.g. the National Plan of Action of 1998 against Sexual Abuse and Child Pornography in the Internet and through training of the police and other professionals. The Committee also notes the Criminal Law Amendment Act of 2004, which contains a new regulation on trafficking in human beings.

The Protection Project Austria [PDF]

The Paul H. Nitze School of Advanced International Studies (SAIS), The Johns Hopkins University

www.protectionproject.org/wp-content/uploads/2010/09/Austria.pdf

[accessed 24 February 2016]

A Human Rights Report on Trafficking in Persons, Especially Women and Children

Freedom House Country Report - Political Rights: 1 Civil Liberties: 1 Status: Free

2009 Edition

www.freedomhouse.org/report/freedom-world/2009/austria

[accessed 26 June 2012]

U.S. Library of Congress - Country Study

Library of Congress Call Number DB17 .A8 1994

www.loc.gov/collections/country-studies/?q=DB17+.A8+

[accessed 26 May 2017]

All material used herein reproduced under the fair use exception of 17 USC 107 for noncommercial, nonprofit, and educational use. PLEASE RESPECT COPYRIGHTS OF COMPONENT ARTICLES. Cite this webpage as: Patt, Prof. Martin, "Human Trafficking & Modern-day Slavery - Austria", http://gvnet.com/humantrafficking/Austria.htm, [accessed <date>]

 

 
Torture in [Austria] [other countries]
Human Trafficking in [Austria] [other countries]
Street Children in [Austria] [other countries]
Child Prostitution in [Austria] [other countries]