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Human Trafficking

Prevalence, Abuse & Exploitation of Street Children

In the first decade of the 21st Century                                               

Republic of Austria

Austria is a well-developed market economy with skilled labor force and high standard of living. It is closely tied to other EU economies, especially Germany's, but also the US’, its third-largest trade partner. Its economy features a large service sector, a sound industrial sector, and a small, but highly developed agricultural sector.

Austrian economic growth strengthen in 2017, with a 2.9% increase in GDP. Austrian exports, accounting for around 60% of the GDP, were up 8.2% in 2017. Austria’s unemployment rate fell by 0.3% to 5.5%, which is low by European standards, but still at its second highest rate since the end of World War II, driven by an increased number of refugees and EU migrants entering the labor market  [The World Factbook, U.S.C.I.A. 2021]


CAUTION:  The following links and accompanying text have been culled from the web to illuminate the situation in Austria.  Some of these links may lead to websites that present allegations that are unsubstantiated or even false.  No attempt has been made to validate their authenticity or to verify their content.



If you are looking for material to use in a term-paper, you are advised to scan the postings on this page and others to see which aspect(s) of street life are of particular interest to you.  You might be interested in exploring how children got there, how they survive, and how some manage to leave the street.  Perhaps your paper could focus on how some street children abuse the public and how they are abused by the public … and how they abuse each other.  Would you like to write about market children? homeless children?  Sexual and labor exploitation? begging? violence? addiction? hunger? neglect? etc.  There is a lot to the subject of Street Children.  Scan other countries as well as this one.  Draw comparisons between activity in adjacent countries and/or regions.  Meanwhile, check out some of the Term-Paper resources that are available on-line.


Check out some of the Resources for Teachers attached to this website.


Prevention Of Homelessness In Austria

Questionaire Prevention BAWO AT, 12.07.2004

[accessed 25 December 2014]

Click [here] to access the article.  Its URL is not displayed because of its length

[accessed 21 November 2016]

Homeless persons face a strong social stigma in Austria. To label a person as homeless means to socially exclude him / her.  Homeless people often did not turn to homeless services for fear to be labeled as homeless by doing so. This particularly is true for young persons and women.


*** ARCHIVES ***

Human Rights Reports » 2005 Country Reports on Human Rights Practices

U.S. Dept of State Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights, and Labor, March 8, 2006

[accessed 4 February 2020]

CHILDREN - Nine years of education is mandatory for all children beginning at age six. The government also provided free education through secondary school and subsidized technical, vocational, or university education. According to the Ministry of Education, 99.8 percent children between the ages of 6 and 15 attended school. The government provided comprehensive medical care for children.

State Report, Alternative Ngo Report, & CRC Concluding Observations [DOC]

38th Session, Austria, Jan 2005

At one time this article had been archived and may possibly still be accessible [here]

[accessed 1 April 2011]


     State Report - There is no mention of street children at all in the state report.

     Committee Concluding Observations - No mention of street children

Don Bosco Youth - Jugend Eine Welt (J1W) (Austria)

[access information unavailable]

The Youth Center is situated in a disadvantaged area of Graz.  Many young people there don’t have many possibilities.  The youth center provides space to meet and offers training and group activities as well as leisure programs.

ISHR Austria - Annual Report 2001/2002

International Service for Human Rights ISHR Austria

At one time this article had been archived and may possibly still be accessible [here]

[accessed 1 April 2011]

The orphanage in Reußdörfchen now looks after street children from Bucharest.  Although the work with these children is extremely difficult, the stay in the village has a positive effect on some children, which leads to the hope that despite the unfavorable circumstances a successful integration into society will be possible one day.

Access To Homeless Shelters For Undocumented Migrants In Austria

[Last access date unavailable]

VULNERABLE GROUPS - Exceptions are made for undocumented minors in youth emergency shelters. The regional youth authority is responsible for taking care of all minors in Austria, including those with no legal status in the country. However, not all local authorities take their legal responsibilities seriously and don’t house all undocumented minors in their region.

Government Directive on Asylum Sparks Row in Austria

Veysel Oezcan, Humboldt University Berlin, December 2002

[accessed 1 April 2011]

Minister of the Interior Ernst Strasser issued the directive, which took effect on October 1, excluding asylum seekers from certain countries from the federal care program that previously provided accommodation, food assistance, and health insurance.

HOMELESS96 - Youth homelessness in Austria

The Interdisciplinary Centre for Comparative Research in the Social Sciences - ICCR

[accessed 1 April 2011]

Usually a combination of factors puts young people at risk to become homelessness. Dysfunctional families, educational deficits and lack of financial and social resources, which consequently influence an adverse housing situation, are among the leading risk factors. Individual indicators such as addiction, criminal records or adjustment problems are closely related. Foreign youth have been clearly identified as a risk group.

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