Torture in  [Jamaica]  [other countries]
Human Trafficking in  [Jamaica]  [other countries]
Street Children in  [Jamaica]  [other countries]
Child Prostitution in  [Jamaica]  [other countries]
 

Human Trafficking & Modern-day Slavery

In the early years of the 21st Century                                                    gvnet.com/humantrafficking/Jamaica.htm

Jamaica

The Jamaican economy is heavily dependent on services, which now account for more than 60% of GDP. The country continues to derive most of its foreign exchange from tourism, remittances, and bauxite/alumina.

The economy faces serious long-term problems: a sizable merchandise trade deficit, large-scale unemployment and underemployment, and a debt-to-GDP ratio of almost 130%.

High unemployment exacerbates the serious crime problem, including gang violence that is fueled by the drug trade.  [The World Factbook, U.S.C.I.A. 2009]

Description: Description: Jamaica

Jamaica is a source, transit, and destination country for women and children trafficked for the purposes of sexual exploitation and forced labor. The majority of victims are poor Jamaican women and girls, and increasingly boys, who are trafficked from rural to urban and tourist areas for commercial sexual exploitation. Victims are typically recruited by persons close to them or newspaper advertisements promoting work as spa attendants, masseuses, or dancers; after being recruited, victims are coerced into prostitution. Jamaican children also may be subjected to conditions of forced labor as domestic servants.   - U.S. State Dept Trafficking in Persons Report, June, 2009  [full country report]

 

 

CAUTION:  The following links have been culled from the web to illuminate the situation in Jamaica.  Some of these links may lead to websites that present allegations that are unsubstantiated or even false.  No attempt has been made to validate their authenticity or to verify their content.

*** FEATURED ARTICLE ***

Social factors and human trafficking

Editorial, Jamaica Gleaner, January 29, 2007

www.jamaica-gleaner.com/gleaner/20070129/cleisure/cleisure1.html

[accessed 15 February 2011]

In the context of Jamaica's problem of violent crime, particularly homicides, human trafficking, especially the internal movement of young women to work as exotic dancers or prostitutes, may not be seen by many as a serious matter. Indeed, many will claim that most of these people are free and willing participants in an open market; except that too many of the participants are minors whose ignorance is exploited.

Having the laws, therefore, is good. They must be enforced. But ultimately, a solution to this matter of human trafficking, and its worst form, the exploitation, involves other factors. Not least of these is to 'normalise' Jamaica's murder rate so that people have a sense that there other crimes worthy of prosecution. We also have to get the economy right so that people have real jobs and incomes and don't so easily fall into the clutches of the exploiters. And we have to fix education, that great social leveller and the best route to a decent life.

 

*** ARCHIVES ***

CDA Launches Toll Free Line for Cases of Human Trafficking

Jamaica Information Service JIS News, January 11, 2007

www.jamaicaobserver.com/news/117799_CDA-launches-toll-free-line-for-cases-of-human-trafficking

[accessed 23 April 2012]

The Child Development Agency (CDA) has launched a new toll free telephone line dedicated to handling cases of human trafficking, particularly as it relates to children. The number is 1-888-PROTECT  or  1-888-776-8328.

'Too good to be true' - Job offers lead to exploitation

Jamaica Gleaner, June 29, 2008 -- Source: US State Department Report, JCF Organised Crime Unit

www.jamaica-gleaner.com/gleaner/20080629/lead/lead4.html

[accessed 15 February 2011]

The victims - Victims of human trafficking are poor Jamaican women and girls, and increasingly boys, who are trafficked from rural to urban and tourist areas for commercial sexual exploitation.  They are typically recruited by family members or newspaper advertisements promoting work as spa attendants, masseuses or dancers.  After being recruited, victims are coerced into prostitution. Jamaican children also may be subjected to conditions of forced labour as domestic servants.  Traffickers also invite youngsters to live with families, go to school and get an education by word of mouth, usually because they do not want to leave a trace.

Ministry fighting hard to combat human trafficking

Jamaica Gleaner, October 1, 2007

www.jamaica-gleaner.com/gleaner/20071001/news/news4.html

[accessed 15 February 2011]

More than 150 youngsters, from Kingston, Westmoreland and western Jamaica, took part in the programme that raised the level of awareness about human trafficking.

WARNING SIGNS

q  Beware of 'modern-day slavery' or trafficking in children.

q  Does a job or other opportunity sound too good to be true?

q  Are you being promised lots of money, a great life, and lots of material goods?

q  Are you being chosen because you are young, good looking, and of a particular sex?

q  Is it unimportant that you have no skills or qualifications?

q  Will somebody get travel and/ or identification documents for you?

q  If you are to go abroad, will you be illegal in the other country?

q  Are you being urged to lie if you are to travel abroad?

Shelters for Victims of Human Trafficking to be Established Soon in Jamaica

Jamaica Information Service JIS, Kingston, July 23, 2007

www.caribbeanpressreleases.com/articles/2090/1/Shelters-for-Victims-of-Human-Trafficking-to-be-Established-Soon-in-Jamaica/Page1.html

[accessed 15 February 2011]

Permanent Secretary in the Ministry of Justice, Carol Palmer has assured that the establishment of shelters for victims of human trafficking would be done in short order, so that Jamaica can be "well in the reach" of a Tier One rating from the United States Department of State by June 2008. "We are in the process of coming up with shelters. Notwithstanding that, we are making arrangements with the NGO community to provide support for our victims as we get our shelters in operation," Mrs. Palmer informed stakeholders yesterday.

Companies Trafficking Persons will not be Allowed to Thrive

Jamaica Information Service JIS News, May 24, 2007

jis.gov.jm/companies-trafficking-persons-will-not-be-allowed-to-thrive-palmer/

[accessed 31 August 2014]

Since April 2006, nine victims of human trafficking have been rescued in Jamaica, six of whom were over 18 years old and three between the ages 13 and 17. Five persons were charged with trafficking a child, under the Child Care and Protection Act, 2004.

A significant measure in the national attack on human trafficking is the establishment of the Trafficking in Persons Unit in the Jamaica Constabulary Force to handle cases of human trafficking.  A drive to educate the public about the issue is considered as seminal to the success of the effort. Consequently NATFATIP is collaborating with the Jamaica Library Service to host a series of public education forums in libraries across the island. The mass media is also being used as a platform to transmit messages against human trafficking.

Companies involved in human trafficking

Howard Campbell, Jamaica Gleaner, April 28, 2007

www.jamaica-gleaner.com/gleaner/20070428/lead/lead5.html

[accessed 15 February 2011]

"There are firms in Jamaica, there are companies in Jamaica, which have got themselves into positions where persons are 'employed' and are exploited," he said. "In the case of corporate entities, liability may be pinned on the directors, managers or other officers concerned with the management."

NO NAMES - Mr. Nicholson, who is also Attorney-General, did not name any of the companies, but said any organisation that conceals, withholds, removes or destroys documents relating to the movement of persons, will be penalised.  He added that the employee, once he or she can provide evidence of exploitation, is eligible for retribution payment.

Social factors and human trafficking

Editorial, Jamaica Gleaner, January 29, 2007

www.jamaica-gleaner.com/gleaner/20070129/cleisure/cleisure1.html

[accessed 15 February 2011]

In the context of Jamaica's problem of violent crime, particularly homicides, human trafficking, especially the internal movement of young women to work as exotic dancers or prostitutes, may not be seen by many as a serious matter. Indeed, many will claim that most of these people are free and willing participants in an open market; except that too many of the participants are minors whose ignorance is exploited.

Having the laws, therefore, is good. They must be enforced. But ultimately, a solution to this matter of human trafficking, and its worst form, the exploitation, involves other factors. Not least of these is to 'normalise' Jamaica's murder rate so that people have a sense that there other crimes worthy of prosecution. We also have to get the economy right so that people have real jobs and incomes and don't so easily fall into the clutches of the exploiters. And we have to fix education, that great social leveller and the best route to a decent life.

Two men accused of luring teenager into prostitution remanded

The Jamaica Observer, June 03, 2006

www.ziplaw.com/news/archives/000649.htm

[accessed 15 February 2011]

Both were caught, court documents said, selling a 14 year-old schoolgirl to an undercover US investigator, who was posing as a tourist, for US$400 for the purposes of prostitution. Arrangements, the court documents said, were also made to pay the girl another US$500 for other sexual services.

Human trafficking warning! Gov't to go after parents who get children involved

The Jamaica Observer, Montego Bay, St James, June 02, 2006

At one time this article had been archived and may possibly still be accessible [here]

[accessed 7 September 2011]

Attorney General and Minister of Justice A J Nicholson says his ministry has been examining ways in which laws can be enacted to prosecute parents who knowingly allow their children to become involved in human trafficking.

Police shut down sex auction in Culloden

The Jamaica Observer, September 01, 2005

At one time this article had been archived and may possibly still be accessible [here]

[accessed 7 September 2011]

The police have effectively clamped down on the trading of exotic dancers in Culloden, where young girls and women gathered weekly to be auctioned off to club owners, according to Superintendent Devon Watkiss, head of the Organized Crime Investigative Division.

USA offers Jamaica help to tackle human trafficking

Caribbean Media Corporation, 2005-06-10

www.libertadlatina.org/Car_Jamaica_US_Offers_to_Help_Fight_Trafficking_06-10-2005.htm

[accessed 15 February 2011]

Ms Owen said the measures being proposed include the establishment of a small police unit to monitor the trafficking of persons and public outreach campaigns.  "Last year we did send out an action plan to Jamaica, there was no follow through on the action plan. In January of this year, we also issued an interim assessment on Jamaica saying that they weren't doing enough particularly in law enforcement in combating trafficking in persons …”

Human trafficking in Barbados and six other Caribbean countries

Caribbean Net News, Bridgetown Barbados, March 18, 2005

www.caribbeannewsnow.com/caribnet/2005/03/18/trafficking.shtml

[accessed 15 February 2011]

Human trafficking is a reality in Barbados and some of its Caribbean neighbors, and it’s being reported that some of those people brought illegally into the country are being forced into labor.  These findings were made during an exploratory study that examined Barbados, the Bahamas, Guyana, Jamaica, St. Lucia, the Netherlands Antilles and Suriname.

Freedom House Country Report - Political Rights: 2   Civil Liberties: 3   Status: Free

2009 Edition

www.freedomhouse.org/report/freedom-world/2009/jamaica

[accessed 26 June 2012]

Human Rights Overview

Human Rights Watch

www.hrw.org/americas/jamaica

[accessed 15 February 2011]

Testimony of Professor Mohamed Mattar Co-Director, Protection Project Johns Hopkins University

United States Senate Committee on the Judiciary, July 7, 2004

At one time this article had been archived and may possibly still be accessible [here]

[accessed 7 September 2011]

Based upon the analysis conducted by The Protection Project on these cases, which the Department of Justice kindly made available, I can say that the majority of victims that are trafficked into the U.S. come from countries in Africa, especially Cameroon, Nigeria, Ghana and Tonga; Latin America, especially Jamaica, Mexico, Honduras and Guatemala; Asia, especially South Korea, Indonesia, Uzbekistan, Vietnam, Thailand and China and Russia.  They are trafficked to different states, in particular, California, Florida, New York, Hawaii, Georgia, Alaska, Texas and North Carolina.

Mounting concerns about sexual exploitation of children

John Myers Jr., Jamaica Gleaner,  June 13, 2004

www.jamaica-gleaner.com/gleaner/20040613/news/news4.html

[accessed 15 February 2011]

Frequent reports of children's involvement in Jamaica's sex trade has forced advocate groups back to the drawing board to devise new strategies to combat the problem of sexual exploitation of the under-aged.  "We recognise that it is a growing problem of (under-aged) children being involved in the sex trade. We (are) talking about go-go dancers, in brothels, massage parlours, clubs and bars,"

Child Care and Protection Act Strengthens Government's Resolve

Dionne Rose, Jamaica Information Service JIS, June 11, 2004

At one time this article had been archived and may possibly still be accessible [here]

[accessed 7 September 2011]

Passed in both Houses of Parliament in March this year, the Act is intended to protect children from abuse and neglect. It also makes persons accountable for the children left in their care.

Sex tourism as economic aid

The Guardian, July 12, 2003

www.smh.com.au/articles/2003/07/11/1057783358449.html?oneclick=true

[accessed 15 February 2011]

Middle-aged women jetting into Jamaica for sex don't see themselves as using prostitutes.

Many white Western women come to Negril for precisely that. Clinton is one of hundreds of young men working the beach and, like most of the "beach boys", he is desperately poor. His primary income comes from accompanying lone female travellers who want sex with Jamaican men.

Negril, like some resorts in the Dominican Republic and Cuba, is known as a place where white middle-aged women come in search of what they call the "big bamboo". British researchers Jacqueline Sanchez Taylor and Julia O'Connell Davidson found that the usual analysis of sex tourism did not allow for the possibility of women as buyers of sex, because "prostitute-users are, by definition, male, and this assumption is shared by many researchers and theorists".

Those who admit to coming to Negril for sex believe they are helping the men and the local economy by giving them money and gifts.

Report on the Situation Of Commercial Sexual Exploitation of Children And Adolescents in the Americas

Report to the Secretary General of the Organization of American States (OAS) by Dr. Ariel Gustavo Forselledo, Coordinator of the Program on the Integral Promotion of Children's Rights, Montevideo, June 30, 2001

www.unicef.org/events/yokohama/analysis-americas.html

[accessed 15 February 2011]

INTRODUCTION - In June 1999, the General Assembly of the Organization of American States (OAS), at its twenty-ninth regular session, held in Guatemala, adopted a resolution (AG3804/99) “to instruct the Inter-American Children’s Institute to deal systematically with the problem of the sexual exploitation of children and adolescents in the region (...) in coordination with other organs, agencies, and entities of the United Nations system and other relevant organizations, in such a way as to propose the development of strategies and plans of action aimed at preventing and combating this scourge.”

The Department of Labor’s 2004 Findings on the Worst Forms of Child Labor

U.S. Dept of Labor Bureau of International Labor Affairs, 2005

www.dol.gov/ilab/media/reports/iclp/tda2004/jamaica.htm

[accessed 15 February 2011]

INCIDENCE AND NATURE OF CHILD LABOR - A 2001 study funded by ILO-IPEC found that children as young as 10 years old are sexually exploited and engaged in prostitution, catering to tourists.  Young girls are hired by “go-go” clubs or massage parlors.  Children are trafficked internally for sexual exploitation and pornography.

CHILD LABOR LAWS AND ENFORCEMENT - The Child Care and Protection Act of 2004 prohibits the sale or trafficking of any child; however, the term “trafficking” is not defined, resulting in difficulty enforcing the statute.  Assault, immigration, or customs laws may also be applied to prosecute cases of child trafficking.

Human Rights Reports » 2005 Country Reports on Human Rights Practices

U.S. Dept of State Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights, and Labor, March 8, 2006

www.state.gov/g/drl/rls/hrrpt/2005/61733.htm

[accessed 15 February 2011]

TRAFFICKING IN PERSONS – The country was also a transit country for illegal migrants moving to the United States and Canada, some of whom were believed to be trafficking victims. Groups at a special risk for trafficking included rural migrants who sought work in cities and tourist areas, usually in the sex industry. Corruption among immigration officials in facilitating the unauthorized international movement of persons was a concern.

Concluding Observations of the Committee on the Rights of the Child (CRC)

UN Convention on the Rights of the Child, 6 June 2003

www1.umn.edu/humanrts/crc/jamaica2003.html

[accessed 15 February 2011]

[54] The Committee is concerned at the sexual exploitation and trafficking of children, including street children, and the lack of accurate data and adequate laws and policies in this regard.

All material used herein reproduced under the fair use exception of 17 USC § 107 for noncommercial, nonprofit, and educational use.  PLEASE RESPECT COPYRIGHTS OF COMPONENT ARTICLES.  Cite this webpage as: Patt, Prof. Martin, "Human Trafficking & Modern-day Slavery - Jamaica", http://gvnet.com/humantrafficking/Jamaica.htm, [accessed <date>]

 

 

Torture in  [Jamaica]  [other countries]
Human Trafficking in  [Jamaica]  [other countries]
Street Children in  [Jamaica]  [other countries]
Child Prostitution in  [Jamaica]  [other countries]