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In the early years of the 21st Century

Description: Description: Luxembourg

CAUTION:  The following links and accompanying text have been culled from the web to illuminate the situation in Luxembourg in the early years of the 21st Century.  Some of these links may lead to websites that present allegations that are unsubstantiated, misleading or even false.   No attempt has been made to validate their authenticity or to verify their content.



If you are looking for material to use in a term-paper, you are advised to scan the postings on this page and others to see which aspects of poverty are of particular interest to you.  You might be interested in exploring the relationship between distribution of labor and per-capita GDP, for example.  Perhaps your paper could focus on life expectancy or infant mortality.  Other factors of interest might be unemployment, literacy, access to basic services, etc.  On the other hand, you might choose to include some of the possible outgrowths of poverty such as Human Trafficking, Street Children, or even Prostitution.  There is a lot to the subject of Poverty.  Scan other countries as well as this one.  Draw comparisons between activity in adjacent countries and/or regions.  Meanwhile, check out some of the Term-Paper resources that are available on-line.


Check out some of the Resources for Teachers attached to this website.

*** Extreme Weather ***

Extreme rainfall on July 14 and 15, 2021, followed by flooding in Belgium, Germany, Luxembourg, and the Netherlands, had devastating impacts. In Luxembourg, a reported 106 liters per square meter of rain fell on July 14, 2021, setting a new national record since records began nearly 170 years ago. The authorities responded swiftly, providing access to healthcare, potable water, and rescue shelters to mitigate the risk of infectious diseases in the affected populations. However, the challenges of responding to such a complex crisis during the COVID-19 pandemic were also considered.

Recently, on February 18, 2022, strong gusts of 100-120 km/h prompted a red weather alert in Luxembourg. During this phase, authorities recommended staying indoors to ensure safety. While the weather can be unpredictable, Luxembourg continues to monitor extreme weather events closely, taking necessary precautions to protect its citizens and infrastructure. – adapted from Microsoft BING Copilot

*** ARCHIVES ***

The World Factbook - Luxembourg

U.S. Central Intelligence Agency CIA

[accessed 1 January 2021]

World Factbook website has moved to --->

[accessed 6 January 2021]

This small, stable, high-income economy has historically featured solid growth, low inflation, and low unemployment. Luxembourg, the only Grand Duchy in the world, is a landlocked country in northwestern Europe surrounded by Belgium, France, and Germany. Despite its small landmass and small population, Luxembourg is the fifth-wealthiest country in the world when measured on a gross domestic product (PPP) per capita basis. Luxembourg has one of the highest current account surpluses as a share of GDP in the euro zone, and it maintains a healthy budgetary position, with a 2017 surplus of 0.5% of GDP, and the lowest public debt level in the region.

GDP - per capita (PPP): $105,100 (2017 est.)

Labor force - by occupation:

agriculture: 1.1%

industry: 20%

services: 78.9% (2013 est.)

Unemployment rate: 5.8% (2017 est.)

Population below poverty line: N/A

Maternal mortality rate: 5 deaths/100,000 live births (2017 est.)

Infant mortality rate: total: 3.3 deaths/1,000 live births

Life expectancy at birth: total population: 82.6 years

Drinking water source: improved: total: 99% of population

Physicians density: 3.01 physicians/1,000 population (2017)

Sanitation facility access: improved: total: 100% of population

Electricity access: electrification - total population: 100% (2016)

The Borgen Project - Luxembourg

[accessed 16 February 2021]

The Borgen Project works with U.S. leaders to utilize the United States’ platform behind efforts toward improving living conditions for the world’s poor.  It is an innovative, national campaign that is working to make poverty a focus of U.S. foreign policy.  It believes that leaders of the most powerful nation on earth should be doing more to address global poverty. From ending segregation to providing women with the right to vote, nearly every wrong ever righted in history was achieved through advocacy. The Borgen Project addresses the big picture, operating at the political level advancing policies and programs that improve living conditions for those living on less than $1 per day.

~ 4 Updates On SDG 11 In Luxembourg

~ 5 Facts About Homelessness In Luxembourg

~ Top 8 Facts About Living Conditions In Luxembourg

~ Causes Of Poverty In Luxembourg

~ Luxembourg Poverty Rate

The World Bank in Luxembourg

[accessed 21 April 2021]

Luxembourg supports international efforts to promote human and economic development, reduce poverty, and boost shared prosperity around the world.

Looking back a few years …

Advameg, Inc., Encyclopedia of the Nations

[accessed 1 January 2021]

In relation to its size and population, Luxembourg is one of the most highly industrialized countries in the world. Its standard of living rivals that of any country in Europe.

Luxembourg is known for having one the lowest unemployment rates in Europe. The unemployment rate averaged just 1.4% between 1984 and 1991 and was 3% in 1998. In 2001, unemployment was at 2.7%.

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