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The Commercial Sexual Exploitation of Children

In the early years of the 21st Century, 2000 to 2025              

Grand Duchy of Luxembourg

This stable, high-income economy - benefiting from its proximity to France, Belgium, and Germany - has historically featured solid growth, low inflation, and low unemployment. The industrial sector, initially dominated by steel, has become increasingly diversified to include chemicals, rubber, and other products.

Agriculture is based on small family-owned farms. The economy depends on foreign and cross-border workers for about 60% of its labor force. Although Luxembourg, like all EU members, suffered from the global economic slump in the early part of this decade, the country continues to enjoy an extraordinarily high standard of living - GDP per capita ranks third in the world, after Liechtenstein and Qatar.  [The World Factbook, U.S.C.I.A. 2009]

Description: Luxembourg

CAUTION:  The following links and accompanying text have been culled from the web to illuminate the situation in Luxembourg.  Some of these links may lead to websites that present allegations that are unsubstantiated, misleading or even false.   No attempt has been made to validate their authenticity or to verify their content.



If you are looking for material to use in a term-paper, you are advised to scan the postings on this page and others to see which aspects of child prostitution are of particular interest to you.  You might be interested in exploring how children got started, how they survive, and how some succeed in leaving.  Perhaps your paper could focus on runaways and the abuse that led to their leaving.  Other factors of interest might be poverty, rejection, drug dependence, coercion, violence, addiction, hunger, neglect, etc.  On the other hand, you might choose to write about the manipulative and dangerous adults who control this activity.  There is a lot to the subject of Child Prostitution.  Scan other countries as well as this one.  Draw comparisons between activity in adjacent countries and/or regions.  Meanwhile, check out some of the Term-Paper resources that are available on-line.


Check out some of the Resources for Teachers attached to this website.


ECPAT Luxembourg

ECPAT International

At one time this article had been archived and may possibly still be accessible [here]

[accessed 15 June 2011]

ECPAT Luxembourg is composed of a small number of committed individuals who pool their expertise and professional influence in the interest of combating the commercial sexual exploitation of children. As Luxemburg is a very small country, and the government already fulfils its commitments under the Stockholm Agenda for Action, the group has concentrated its work on the campaign against child sex tourism, and on supporting the work of child focused NGOs who have shown a commitment to eliminating CSEC.


*** ARCHIVES ***

ECPAT Country Monitoring Report [PDF]

Noémie Losch, ECPAT International, 2017

[accessed 2 September 2020]

Desk review of existing information on the sexual exploitation of children (SEC) in Luxembourg. The report looks at protection mechanisms, responses, preventive measures, child and youth participation in fighting SEC, and makes recommendations for action against SEC.

Human Rights Reports » 2019 Country Reports on Human Rights Practices

U.S. Dept of State Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights, and Labor, March 10, 2020

[accessed 2 September 2020]

SEXUAL EXPLOITATION OF CHILDREN - The law prohibits the commercial sexual exploitation of children, the sale of children, the offering or procuring of a child for child prostitution, and practices related to child pornography. Authorities enforced the law, and cases were rare. Penalties for the sexual exploitation of children range from five years’ to life imprisonment.

Amendments to the penal code provide that a client having consciously committed a commercial sexual act with a minor can be sentenced to one to five years of imprisonment and a fine of 251 to 50,000 euros ($280 to $55,000).

The minimum legal age for consensual sex is 16.

Concluding Observations of the Committee on the Rights of the Child (CRC)

UN Convention on the Rights of the Child, 28 January 2005

[accessed 18 February 2011]

[57] While welcoming the many legislative and other measures taken by the State party to combat and raise awareness of the problem of sexual exploitation, trafficking in persons and child pornography, the Committee is concerned that the conditions of work for women and girls arriving in Luxembourg to work in the entertainment sector are such that they may be exposed to the risk of prostitution and trafficking in human beings.

Five Years After Stockholm [PDF]

ECPAT: Fifth Report on implementation of the Agenda for Action

ECPAT International, November 2001

[accessed 13 September 2011]

[B] COUNTRY UPDATES – LUXEMBOURGLast year, seminars were held to train health care and social service professionals on psycho-traumatic therapy for victims of abuse and commercial sexual exploitation in order to implement Luxembourg’s National Plan. Public meetings were also held to carry out the public education mandate in the National Plan.

Report by Special Rapporteur [DOC]

UN Economic and Social Council Commission on Human Rights, Fifty-ninth session, 6 January 2003$FILE/G0310090.doc

[accessed 15 June 2011]

[54] The Penal Code punishes the trafficking and sexual exploitation of children, and circumstances are considered further aggravated where the minor is (a) less than 14 years old; and (b) less than 11 years old.  There have been no prosecutions of these offences involving Luxembourg children over the last two years, but there have been two cases concerning child pornography over the Internet involving children from elsewhere.  Where children are involved in prostitution, the Juvenile Court can order protective measures if it considers that the child’s moral or social development is threatened.

Committee on the Rights of the Child - Summary Record of the 1006th meeting

UN Convention on the Rights of the Child, Luxembourg. 13 January 2005

[accessed 15 June 2011]

[48] Variety shows and cabarets were closely monitored in order to prevent the unlawful employment of children. Unfortunately, he could not rule out the existence of illegal prostitution in Luxembourg. The Ministry for the Promotion of Women had established centers that were open during the night and offered counseling and advice to prostitutes, including children.

Luxembourg in the World

Luxembourg Presidency of the Council of the European Union, 29-12-2004

[accessed 15 June 2011]

MEMBER OF UNESCO, UNITED NATIONS ORGANIZATION FOR EDUCATION, SCIENCE AND CULTURE - Her Royal Highness Grand Duchess Maria Teresa of Luxembourg has been a UNESCO Goodwill Ambassador for the education of women and children worldwide since 1997. She is a strong supporter of all actions giving women the means to be autonomous and uphold their rights. The Grand Duchess supports all projects aimed at improving the quality of life for girls, women and their families, particularly through granting micro-loans. Mother of five children, Her Royal Highness the Grand Duchess is particularly concerned with the fate of children. She regards programs helping street children and combating child prostitution as key action areas.

One in 12 children forced into world's 'worst forms' of labor

Agence France-Presse AFP, London, February 21, 2005

[accessed 18 February 2011]

UNICEF UK said that 350 million children aged five to 17 worked, and that 180 million of them were "involved in the worst forms of child labour -- hazardous work, slavery, forced labor, in armed forces, commercial sexual exploitation and illicit activities".

UNICEF UK lauded the pledge of developed countries, made more than 30 years ago, of allocating 0.7 percent of gross domestic product to development aid but regretted that only five countries today fulfill that promise -- Denmark, Norway, the Netherlands, Luxembourg and Sweden.

Concluding comments of the Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination against Women: Luxembourg

17 January 2000

[accessed 18 February 2011]

394. The Committee welcomes the law of May 1999 that strengthened measures against trafficking in humans and the sexual exploitation of children and, in particular, extended Luxembourg law to cover all sexual crimes or misdemeanours committed abroad by citizens of Luxembourg.

411. The Committee urges the Government to develop a policy and legislation to prevent and eliminate domestic violence, and sexual violence, including rape, against women and girls, and to prosecute violators. The Committee calls on the State party to collect statistics on th e incidence of domestic violence, and comprehensive information on the impact of measures against domestic violence.  The Committee also recommends that the Government gather further information on the impact of the law on trafficking in humans and the sexu al exploitation of children.




Human Rights Reports » 2004 Country Reports on Human Rights Practices

U.S. Dept of State Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights, and Labor, February 28, 2005

[accessed 9 February 2020]

CHILDREN - The law sets criminal penalties for adults who traffic children, facilitate child prostitution, or exploit children through pornography and extends the country's criminal jurisdiction to citizens and residents who engage in such activities abroad.

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