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Poverty & Hunger

Republic of Chad

In the early years of the 21st Century

Description: Description: Description: Chad

CAUTION:  The following links and accompanying text have been culled from the web to illuminate the situation in Chad in the early years of the 21st Century.  Some of these links may lead to websites that present allegations that are unsubstantiated, misleading or even false.   No attempt has been made to validate their authenticity or to verify their content.



If you are looking for material to use in a term-paper, you are advised to scan the postings on this page and others to see which aspects of poverty are of particular interest to you.  You might be interested in exploring the relationship between distribution of labor and per-capita GDP, for example.  Perhaps your paper could focus on life expectancy or infant mortality.  Other factors of interest might be unemployment, literacy, access to basic services, etc.  On the other hand, you might choose to include some of the possible outgrowths of poverty such as Human Trafficking, Street Children, or even Prostitution.  There is a lot to the subject of Poverty.  Scan other countries as well as this one.  Draw comparisons between activity in adjacent countries and/or regions.  Meanwhile, check out some of the Term-Paper resources that are available on-line.


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*** Extreme Weather ***

The United Nations weather agency warned that Lake Chad basin "is particularly vulnerable to climate change-related extreme events such as floods and droughts" and issued alerts that "extreme events will likely become more abundant causing more frequent droughts and flooding with impacts on food security and general security in the region." Associated Press, January 19, 2023

*** ARCHIVES ***

The World Factbook - Chad

U.S. Central Intelligence Agency CIA

[accessed 22 December 2020]

World Factbook website has moved to --->

[accessed 5 January 2021]

Chad had already cut public spending to try to meet the terms of the IMF program, but that prompted strikes and protests in a country where nearly 40% of the population lives below the poverty line. Multinational partners, such as the African Development Bank, the EU, and the World Bank are likely to continue budget support in 2018, but Chad will remain at high debt risk, given its dependence on oil revenue and pressure to spend on subsidies and security.

GDP - per capita (PPP): $2,300 (2017 est.)

Labor force - by occupation:

agriculture: 80%

industry: 20% (2006 est.)

Unemployment rate: N/A

Population below poverty line: 46.7% (2011 est.)

Maternal mortality rate: 1,140 deaths/100,000 live births (2017 est.)

Infant mortality rate: total: 68.6 deaths/1,000 live births

Life expectancy at birth: total population: 58.3 years

Drinking water source: improved: total: 55.7% of population

Physicians density: 0.04 physicians/1,000 population (2017)

Sanitation facility access: improved: total: 15.3% of population

Electricity access: electrification - total population: 8.8% (2016)

The Borgen Project - Chad

[accessed 24 January 2021]

The Borgen Project works with U.S. leaders to utilize the United States’ platform behind efforts toward improving living conditions for the world’s poor.  It is an innovative, national campaign that is working to make poverty a focus of U.S. foreign policy.  It believes that leaders of the most powerful nation on earth should be doing more to address global poverty. From ending segregation to providing women with the right to vote, nearly every wrong ever righted in history was achieved through advocacy. The Borgen Project addresses the big picture, operating at the political level advancing policies and programs that improve living conditions for those living on less than $1 per day.

~ 5 Innovations In Poverty Eradication In Chad

~ Healthcare In Chad: Important Details To Know

~ Learn About Poverty In Chad

~ 6 Facts About Sanitation In Chad

~ 10 Facts About Child Labor In Chad

~ The Eu’s Progress In Chad

~ Life Expectancy In Chad

~ Maternal Mortality In Chad

~ Credit Access In Chad

Conflict, climate change, and COVID-19 drive extreme hunger

Oxfam, 9 July 2021

[accessed 19 July 2021]

The effects of conflict, COVID-19, and climate change have intensified the global hunger crisis.

WEST AFRICAN SAHEL - DRIVERS OF HUNGER: CONFLICT -- The region encompassing Burkina Faso, Chad, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Nigeria, and Senegal has seen a 67 percent increase in hunger since last year. Continued violence has forced 5.3 million people to flee their homes. Insecurity has cut off farmers from their agriculture. Last year, along with the economic impact of COVID-19, the climate crisis disrupted the agricultural season, limiting stocks and people’s livelihoods.

The Sahel struggles with terror, poverty and climate change

The Arab Weekly, 18 March 2021

[accessed 18 March 2021]

Internal displacement had increased 20-fold in less than two years while the number of families facing hunger has tripled.

The United Nations warned in November of a heightened risk of famine in Burkina Faso, along with northeastern Nigeria and South Sudan and also of a high hunger risk in both Mali and Niger.

Problems have been exacerbated by the Covid-19 pandemic.


Action Against Hunger - Chad

[accessed 21 March 2021]

Since gaining independence in 1960, Chad has suffered from political instability, social unrest, and conflicts with neighboring countries. This has left the country with poor infra­structure, an unstable government and a dire humani­tarian situation, characterized by several factors: high infant mortality rate, population movements, food insecurity, disease outbreaks, and security crises. The country is also affected by the regional conflict gripping the Lake Chad basin and suffers the effects of conflict in Libya and the Central African Republic. There has been a huge increase in the number of people displaced, both internally and externally.

Nearly 6.3 million people in Chad have been impacted by humanitarian crises, resulting in widespread poverty, hunger, displacement, and frequent disease outbreaks.

The World Bank in Chad

[accessed 18 April 2021]

The World Bank has supported more than 50 development projects, accompanying the country’s work towards achieving sustainable economic growth while reducing poverty.

Looking back a few years …

Advameg, Inc., Encyclopedia of the Nations

[accessed 22 December 2020]

Water-resource limitations are the critical factor influencing the Chadian economy. Much of the country is desert suitable only for very limited agriculture and livestock production, while the remainder is threatened by periodic drought. Petroleum and natron are the principal mineral resources. Key industry is centered on cotton processing. Periodic civil war has compounded Chad's chronic negative trade imbalance.

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