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In the early years of the 21st Century

Description: Description: Djibouti

CAUTION:  The following links and accompanying text have been culled from the web to illuminate the situation in Djibouti in the early years of the 21st Century.  Some of these links may lead to websites that present allegations that are unsubstantiated, misleading or even false.   No attempt has been made to validate their authenticity or to verify their content.



If you are looking for material to use in a term-paper, you are advised to scan the postings on this page and others to see which aspects of poverty are of particular interest to you.  You might be interested in exploring the relationship between distribution of labor and per-capita GDP, for example.  Perhaps your paper could focus on life expectancy or infant mortality.  Other factors of interest might be unemployment, literacy, access to basic services, etc.  On the other hand, you might choose to include some of the possible outgrowths of poverty such as Human Trafficking, Street Children, or even Prostitution.  There is a lot to the subject of Poverty.  Scan other countries as well as this one.  Draw comparisons between activity in adjacent countries and/or regions.  Meanwhile, check out some of the Term-Paper resources that are available on-line.


Check out some of the Resources for Teachers attached to this website.

*** Extreme Weather ***

According to the Climate Change Knowledge Portal, Djibouti has been experiencing extreme weather events such as floods and droughts, which have had a huge impact on the country. – Microsoft BING Copilot

*** ARCHIVES ***

The World Factbook - Djibouti

U.S. Central Intelligence Agency CIA

[accessed 28 December 2020]

World Factbook website has moved to --->

[accessed 5 January 2021]

Djibouti provides services as both a transit port for the region and an international transshipment and refueling center. Imports, exports, and reexports represent 70% of port activity at Djibouti's container terminal. Reexports consist primarily of coffee from landlocked neighbor Ethiopia. Djibouti has few natural resources and little industry. The nation is, therefore, heavily dependent on foreign assistance to support its balance of payments and to finance development projects. An official unemployment rate of nearly 40% - with youth unemployment near 80% - continues to be a major problem. Inflation was a modest 3% in 2014-2017, due to low international food prices and a decline in electricity tariffs.

GDP - per capita (PPP): $3,600 (2017 est.)

GDP – composition by sector of origin

agriculture: 2.4% (2017 est.)

industry: 17.3% (2017 est.)

services: 80.2% (2017 est.)

Unemployment rate: 40% (2017 est.)

Population below poverty line: 23% (2015 est.)

Maternal mortality rate: 248 deaths/100,000 live births (2017 est.)

Infant mortality rate: total: 41.6 deaths/1,000 live births

Life expectancy at birth: total population: 64.7 years

Drinking water source: improved: total: 90.3% of population

Physicians density: 0.22 physicians/1,000 population (2017)

Sanitation facility access: improved: total: 70.1% of population

Electricity access: electrification - total population: 51.8% (2016)

The Borgen Project - Djibouti

[accessed 27 January 2021]

The Borgen Project works with U.S. leaders to utilize the United States’ platform behind efforts toward improving living conditions for the world’s poor.  It is an innovative, national campaign that is working to make poverty a focus of U.S. foreign policy.  It believes that leaders of the most powerful nation on earth should be doing more to address global poverty. From ending segregation to providing women with the right to vote, nearly every wrong ever righted in history was achieved through advocacy. The Borgen Project addresses the big picture, operating at the political level advancing policies and programs that improve living conditions for those living on less than $1 per day.

~ Fighting For Better Healthcare In Djibouti

~ Poverty In Djibouti: A Galvanizing Government Invests In Action

~ Recent Achievements Of Healthcare In Djibouti

~ 10 Facts About Life And Sanitation In Djibouti

~ 10 Facts About Life Expectancy In Djibouti

~ 100 Percent Renewable Energy In Djibouti By 2035

~ 10 Facts About Poverty In The Horn Of Africa

The World Bank in Djibouti

[accessed 18 April 2021]

Djibouti’s US$2 billion city-state economy is driven by a state-of-the-art port complex, among the most sophisticated in the world. Trade through the port is expected to grow rapidly in parallel with the expanding economy of its largest neighbor and main trading partner, Ethiopia.

Looking back a few years …

Advameg, Inc., Encyclopedia of the Nations

[accessed 28 December 2020]

Since 1990, recession, civil war, and a high population growth rate have combined to reduce per capita consumption by 35%. The unemployment rate exceeds 50% (some estimates place it at over 70%). The border conflict between Ethiopia and Eritrea disturbed the normal commerce in which Djibouti allowed Ethiopia the use of its port and conducted regular trade relations. As a consequence, average annual growth of GDP between 1988 and 1998 was -3.1%, and the economy was at zero growth in 2001.

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