Torture in  [Nigeria]  [other countries]
Human Trafficking in  [Nigeria]  [other countries]
Street Children in  [Nigeria]  [other countries]
Child Prostitution in  [Nigeria]  [other countries]
 

Torture by Police, Forced Disappearance

& Other Ill Treatment

In the early years of the 21st Century                                                                            gvnet.com/torture/Nigeria.htm

Federal Republic of Nigeria

Oil-rich Nigeria, long hobbled by political instability, corruption, inadequate infrastructure, and poor macroeconomic management, has undertaken several reforms over the past decade. Nigeria's former military rulers failed to diversify the economy away from its overdependence on the capital-intensive oil sector, which provides 95% of foreign exchange earnings and about 80% of budgetary revenues.

Based largely on increased oil exports and high global crude prices, GDP rose strongly in 2007 and 2008. President Yar'adua has pledged to continue the economic reforms of his predecessor with emphasis on infrastructure improvements. Infrastructure is the main impediment to growth. The government is working toward developing stronger public-private partnerships for electricity and roads..  [The World Factbook, U.S.C.I.A. 2009]

Description: Description: Description: Description: Description: Description: Nigeria

CAUTION:  The following links have been culled from the web to illuminate the situation in Nigeria.  Some of these links may lead to websites that present allegations that are unsubstantiated or even false.  No attempt has been made to validate their authenticity or to verify their content.

*** ARCHIVES ***

Why torture is on increase in Nigeria

Lawrence Njoku, The Guardian, Enugu, 4 December 2017

guardian.ng/news/why-torture-is-on-increase-in-nigeria/

[accessed 4 December 2017]

Advocates of protection and promotion of human rights in Nigeria have said that the spate of torture in the country was due largely to the inability of people to initiate actions against the perpetrators.

They stated that security officials had continued to engage in the act as if it was part of their responsibility, because Nigerians failed to enforce their rights by prosecuting the offending officers.

She stated that Enugu remained one of the states with high incidence of torture, because “there are no accountabilities being demanded from security operatives.”She said the state had a record of an average of 25 cases of victims of torture yearly, stressing that the number increased to 30 this year due to archaic and mundane methods being employed by security operatives to extract information on supposed victims of crimes and criminalities in the state.

Policemen torture student for demanding to know offence

Afeez Hanafi, Punch, 13 June 2016

punchng.com/policemen-torture-student-demanding-know-offence/

[accessed 4 August 2016]

“I kept telling them that I deserved to know my offence and if they couldn’t tell me, then it’s a kidnap. One of them slapped me again, while others manhandled me, so I kept quiet.”

Rasaq said the policemen allegedly collected between N5,000 and N10,000 from others, but he paid N30,000 for being ‘stubborn’ before he was released.

“We were over 70 that they arrested. They didn’t interrogate us or allow us to write any statement. The following morning, the bargain started from N10,000 and they threatened to move us to the Kirikiri Prisons. People begged and they agreed to take N5,000.

“My people begged them as well, they collected N30,000 from me for being stubborn.

Nigeria's army behind countless acts of torture and 8,000 deaths, Amnesty says

David Smith, Africa correspondent, The Guardian, 3 June 2015

www.theguardian.com/world/2015/jun/03/nigeria-army-countless-acts-torture-8000-deaths-amnesty-boko-haram

[accessed 21 June 2015]

Amnesty set out on Wednesday the case against five senior Nigerian officers in a 133-page report based on hundreds of interviews, including with military sources, and leaked defence ministry documents.

Amnesty researchers also witnessed emaciated corpses in mortuaries, and one former Giwa detainee told the organisation that around 300 people in his cell died after being denied water for two days: “Sometimes we drank people’s urine, but even the urine you at times could not get.”

Former detainees and senior military sources described how detainees were regularly tortured to death, hung on poles over fires, tossed into deep pits or interrogated using electric batons.

Nigeria torture victim condemned to hang at 16 gets reprieve after 10 years on death row

Michelle Faul Associated Press AP, 1 June 2015

www.startribune.com/nigeria-torture-victim-to-be-free-after-decade-on-death-row/305678331/

[accessed 18 June 2015]

www.salon.com/2015/06/01/nigeria_torture_victim_to_be_free_after_decade_on_death_row/

[accessed 28 August 2016]

www.foxnews.com/world/2015/06/01/nigeria-torture-victim-condemned-to-hang-at-16-gets-reprieve-after-10-years-on.html

[accessed 1 August 2017]

Akatugba was a schoolboy when soldiers arrested him for allegedly stealing three cellphones. He was delivered to police officers who tortured him, including tearing out his finger and toe nails with pliers, until he signed confessions admitting to armed robbery, the activists said.

Armed robbery carries a mandatory death sentence in Nigeria, but minors are supposed to be exempt. Police often use torture to extract confessions which are used in courts despite laws prohibiting both, according to the latest U.S. State Department report on human rights in Nigeria. Torture in prisons also is common, it said.

Human Rights Watch World Report 2015 - Events of 2014

Human Rights Watch, 29 January 2015

www.hrw.org/world-report/2015/... or download PDF at  www.hrw.org/sites/default/files/wr2015_web.pdf

[accessed 18 March 2015]

NIGERIA

CONDUCT OF SECURITY FORCES - Government security forces continued to respond to the Boko Haram violence in a heavy-handed manner, leading to serious human rights violations. Suspects are routinely abused, tortured, and held incommunicado in abusive detention conditions without charge or trial.

Torture Still Happens in Nigeria

Tosin Nguher, Bella Naija, 10 November 2014

www.bellanaija.com/2014/11/10/tosin-nguher-torture-still-happens-in-nigeria/

[accessed 29 November 2014]

They handcuffed my legs and tie it with rope. They now carry a big rod and cross through my leg and hands. One person lifts one side of the rod: the other person lifts the other rod. They hang me up leaving the weight of the rod on me. They now use machete, (and) one pipe iron to torture me. They tortured me in my chest, head, stomach, leg and every part of my body. By the time they torture (d) me, torture (d) me, torture (d) me, there was a lot of blood. They tortured me on my heart, my face, my waist. There are wounds on my back. My mouth was full of blood. I wanted to say help me but all that came out was blood.”

They tortured me until I lose control, until I collapse. I fainted totally. I lost control of my body. Later I woke up and found myself lying in my pool of blood. When they saw that I am awake, they ordered me to pack (pick) up my blood and eat it. The blood was mixed with sand but they told me to eat it. I ate everything. It’s smelly. I do it.

They gave me a paper and told me to sign. I wanted to know the content of the paper but they used their gun to hit my head. I could not read what they wrote inside the paper. I just signed.”

Nigeria Has Informal “Torture Officers” at Police Stations

S.E. Smith, Care2, 24 Sept 2014

www.care2.com/causes/nigeria-has-informal-torture-officers-at-police-stations.html

[accessed 17 November 2014]

Amnesty’s press release notes that: “The report also reveals how most of those detained are held incommunicado – denied access to the outside world, including lawyers, families and courts…Torture has become such an integral part of policing in Nigeria that many police stations have an informal ‘Officer in Charge of Torture’ or O/C Torture. They use an alarming array of techniques, including nail or tooth extractions, choking, electric shocks and sexual violence.”

Nigeria: ‘Welcome to hell fire’: Torture and other ill-treatment in Nigeria

Amnesty International Report, 18 Sept 2014

www.amnesty.org/en/library/info/AFR44/011/2014/en

[accessed 17 November 2014]

Torture is a routine occurrence in Nigeria, largely to extract “confessions” or as punishment for alleged crimes. Hundreds of suspects in police and military custody across the country are being subjected to a range of physical and psychological torture or other ill-treatment. Security forces are able to act in a climate of impunity. This report reveals the experiences of former detainees who have been tortured in police and military custody and the government’s failure to prevent such violations or to bring suspected perpetrators to justice.

Amnesty: Nigerian police routinely use torture

Michelle Faul, Johannesburg, The Associated Press AP, 18 September 2014

bigstory.ap.org/article/256c3721035d4e3a83bb107b5fbcab6d/amnesty-nigerian-police-routinely-use-torture

[accessed 19 September 2014]

www.amnesty.org/en/latest/news/2014/09/nigeria-s-torture-chambers-exposed-new-report/

accessed 28 August 2016]

Nigeria's police and military routinely torture women, men and children as young as 12 with beatings, shootings, rape, electric shocks and pliers used to pull out teeth and nails, Amnesty International charged Thursday.

Amnesty says torture has become so institutionalized in Nigeria that many police stations have an informal OC Torture, meaning "officer in charge of torture."

"Across the country, the scope and severity of torture inflicted on Nigeria's women, men and children by the authorities supposed to protect them is shocking to even the most hardened human rights observer," he said.

Boy, 20, dies after police torture • We are investigating — Police

Yinka Oladoyinbo, Nigerian Tribune, Akure, 24 July 2014

www.tribune.com.ng/news/news-headlines/item/11435-boy-20-dies-after-police-torture-we-are-investigating-police

[accessed 27 July 2014]

www.vanguardngr.com/2014/07/father-petitions-igp-sons-death-police-station/

[accessed 28 August 2016]

The petition reads, “On the 21st day of July, 2014, the deceased called his younger sister, Seun Badmus, informing her of his arrest at ‘B’ Division, Akure, on the allegation of stealing  handset.

“That sequel to the arrest, the complainant instructed Corporal Adesola Awodeyi, who happened to be his friend to torture the deceased in order to admit the allegation of stealing made against the deceased.”

Badmus, however, claimed that the deceased was taken away for about 35 minutes following which he was allegedly tortured.

The petition further said, “That when the deceased was eventually brought back by Corporal Awodeyi, his face was swollen and his bulged eyes became so reddish to the extent that he could not compose himself as he began to complain of headache and stomach ache.

“That immediately the deceased was dropped, he started vomiting and foaming through his mouth and nose, and the deceased was taken to the hospital where it was confirmed that he is already dead.

Hundreds of kidnapped Nigerian school girls reportedly sold as brides to militants for $12, relatives say

Terrence McCoy, Washington Post, 30 April 2014

www.washingtonpost.com/news/morning-mix/wp/2014/04/30/hundreds-of-kidnapped-nigerian-school-girls-reportedly-sold-as-brides-to-militants-for-12-relatives-say/?wpisrc=nl_eve

[accessed 30 April 2014]

Village elder Pogo Bitrus told Agence France Presse locals had consulted with “various sources” in the nation’s forested northeast. “From the information we received yesterday from Cameroonian border towns our abducted girls were taken… into Chad and Cameroon,” he said, adding that each girl was sold as a bride to Islamist militants for 2,000 naira — $12.

But the girls’ capture and alleged sell-off constitutes one of its most disturbing actions yet. On April 14, scores of armed militants stormed a dormitory in Chibok at night, captured hundreds of girls, and disappeared back into the night.

Police Deny Torturing Suspect to Obtain Statement

This Day Live, 28 February 2014

www.thisdaylive.com/articles/uniport4-police-deny-torturing-suspect-to-obtain-statement/172656/

[accessed 1 March 2014]

www.vanguardngr.com/2014/02/uniport4-police-deny-torturing-suspect-obtain-statement/

[accessed 28 August 2016]

The Rivers Police Command Thursday denied torturing Lawal Segun, a Port Harcourt commercial taxi driver, to extract information from him in October 2012.

Njoku said the first accused person made a confessional statement without torture or any application of force.

He said Segun made two statements: one when he was arrested in October 2012, and the second after watching the video clip of the murder in Aluu village.

But Segun insisted that the police beat him and threatened to shoot him if he refused to sign the statement.

The first accused person, who was led in evidence by his counsel, said the police tortured and inflicted body injuries on him.

Cops torture driver, handcuff him over alleged disrespect

Samson Folarin, Punch, 28 February 2014

www.punchng.com/metro-plus/cops-torture-driver-handcuff-him-over-alleged-disrespect/

[accessed 1 March 2014]

www.naij.com/60574.html

[accessed 28 August 2016]

 “He dragged me into the police hospital. I was seriously beaten up. I was chained to the machine rail, while the man in mufti kicked me. I was told that I disrespected the rank of the man by not giving him my key.”

He said the cop vowed to dump him in the Ikoyi Prison, adding that as he was preparing the necessary papers for his detention, the superior police officer saw him where he was chained, and queried Okon.

He was said to have been released by the officer after it was discovered that he had not committed any offence.

The Anambra State indigene said after he was released from the hospital on the second day, Okon still came after him and deflated his car tyres.

Luke Gum, a graduate of Mass Communication from the Lagos State University, who also operates a cab business in the Falomo area, said cab drivers were usually harassed and extorted by policemen.

Torture: Court orders police, MainStreet bank to pay N5 million damages

News Agency of Nigeria NAN, 4 November 2013

premiumtimesng.com/news/147822-torture-court-orders-police-mainstreet-bank-pay-n5-million-damages.html

[accessed 4 Nov 2013]

The bank driver was tortured and detained for 12 days without trial.

A High court in Oyigbo, Rivers State, has ordered the police and MainStreet bank to pay N5 million as damages to an ex-employee of the bank.

Mr. Amaefule, who was a driver to the bank, had told the court that he was arrested by the police in May and detained for 12 days and tortured.

He said that the Deputy Commissioner in charge of the State Criminal Investigation Department (SCID) and his officers tortured him in the commissioner’s office.

Mr. Amaefule added that the torture was to force him to write a confessional statement that he threatened to kidnap the manager.

The state of the world's human rights

Amnesty International AI, Annual Report 2013

www.amnesty.org/en/region/nigeria/report-2013

[accessed 5 Feb 2014]

UNLAWFUL KILLINGS

Unlawful killings were carried out by the police across Nigeria. In March 2012, the Chairman of the National Human Rights Commission (NHRC) Governing Council said an estimated 2,500 detainees were summarily killed by the police every year.

On 8 April, Blessing Monday, a 16-year-old boy living on the streets around the Abali Park Flyover in Port Harcourt, was shot and killed by police officers from Mile 1 Police Station who suspected he had stolen a bag. The police later discovered that Blessing Monday had not stolen the bag.

On 24 May, Goodluck Agbaribote, a former resident of the demolished Abonnema Wharf in Port Harcourt, was killed by officers from the Special Anti-Robbery Squad (SARS) while he was bathing in a communal well. The police claimed he was an armed robber.

In November, the Nigerian Police Force eventually told a High Court in Port Harcourt that Chika Ibeku, who had “disappeared” in 2009 following his arrest and detention by the police, was in fact killed by the police in a “shootout”. The family, through a local NGO, filed a lawsuit requesting the autopsy report.

TORTURE AND OTHER ILL-TREATMENT

Torture and other cruel, inhuman and degrading treatment of criminal suspects and detainees, perpetrated by the security forces, remained widespread.

On 9 January, Alexander Nworgu was arrested in Owerri, Imo State, and taken to the police anti-kidnapping unit in Rivers State. He claims that, while in custody, he was regularly beaten with a machete and suspended from the ceiling by his feet every other day. After spending more than a month in police detention he was remanded in prison on 15 February before eventually being released on bail on 6 July. The charges against him were changed to theft while he was in police detention.

JUSTICE SYSTEM

Widespread corruption and disregard for due process and the rule of law continued to blight Nigeria’s criminal justice system. Many people were arbitrarily arrested and detained for months without charge. Police continued to ask people to pay money for their release from detention. Many detainees were kept on remand in prison for lengthy periods and in harsh conditions. Court processes remained slow and largely distrusted. According to the Executive Secretary of the NHRC, over 70% of people in detention were awaiting either trial or sentencing. Court orders were often ignored by police and security forces.

On 30 April, Patrick Okoroafor was released from prison after 17 years. He had been unfairly sentenced to death for robbery, at the age of 14, after an unfair trial.

Nigerian police routinely murder, rape and torture suspects, says rights report

Dave Clark, Economic News, Lagos, 28 July 2005

www.namibian.com.na/indexx.php?archive_id=14228&page_type=archive_story_detail&page=5096

[accessed 5 Feb 2014]

Nigerian police routinely murder, torture and rape suspects in order to extract confessions and cover up their own corruption, the US-based pressure group Human Rights Watch said in a report released on Wednesday.

The report is peppered with graphic witness accounts of how they were tied up, hung from ceilings, beaten, given electric shocks, sexually assaulted and threatened with death.

Schoolgirls told of being brought in and raped.

Most victims were suspects in ordinary crimes, but others had simply refused to pay the bribes demanded routinely and openly at police checkpoints.

"The inspector beat me with a belt and wooden sticks and sprayed teargas in my private parts

Nigerian Police rely mostly on torture to obtain information from suspects

247ureports.com, Daily Post

www.spyghana.com/nigerian-police-rely-mostly-on-torture-to-obtain-information-from-suspects/

[accessed 4 February 2013]

Part of the document reads: “In most of the cases handled by ASF France and its partners, the victims endured severe violence during their detention.

“Many persons” were beaten repeatedly by police officers in prison, some of them suffering particularly inhuman and degrading treatments.”

“It appears that such treatments are carried out commonly in several detention facilities by the police to obtain full confessions from detained persons.”

“In many cases, victims were detained for three or four years before they appear before a judge.”

The report further revealed the pitiable conditions of the police detention facilities, and also accused police officers of arresting relatives of suspects in cases where the accused persons are not available.

Human Rights Reports » 2005 Country Reports on Human Rights Practices

U.S. Dept of State Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights, and Labor, March 8, 2006

www.state.gov/g/drl/rls/hrrpt/2005/61586.htm

[accessed 4 February 2013]

TORTURE AND OTHER CRUEL, INHUMAN, OR DEGRADING TREATMENT OR PUNISHMENT – Although the law prohibits such practices and provides for punishment of such abuses, police, military, and security force officers regularly beat protesters, criminal suspects, detainees, and convicted prisoners. Police physically mistreated civilians regularly in attempts to extort money from them. The law prohibits the introduction into trials of evidence and confessions obtained through torture. In some cases, persons died from torture in custody (see section 1.a.).

ARBITRARY OR UNLAWFUL DEPRIVATION OF LIFE  - Criminal suspects died from unnatural causes while in official custody, usually as the result of neglect and harsh treatment (see section 1.c.). For example on May 1, in Kubwa, police beat bus driver Gabriel Agbane while arresting him. When Agbane's family went to the police station the next day, they found him unconscious. Police released him to the family, who took him to a hospital, where he died four days later. Police announced to journalists that Agbane had been drunk during the arrest, had not been healthy, and had fainted on his own.

In its July report "Rest in Pieces - Police Torture and Deaths in Custody in Nigeria," Human Rights Watch described how in May six young men being held in police custody in connection with a bank robbery in Enugu were led before journalists at the state criminal investigation department, even though they had not been convicted of the crime. Their families were denied access to them despite repeated efforts. On May 9, the families were told the suspects had been transferred to state police headquarters in Enugu, but officers in Enugu denied they were there. Days later the bodies of the six young men were found at the University of Nigeria Teaching Hospital mortuary in Enugu. Officials did not respond to the families' inquiries for additional information.

In March an investigative panel released its report on the October 2004 incident in which police had secretly buried 12 bodies in a mass grave in Kaduna. The panel found that the victims had attempted a jailbreak, but that the police had acted improperly in killing them and attempting to hide the bodies. The panel forwarded its recommendations to the federal government, which had taken no action by year's end.

On June 7, police in Apo stopped six traders at a vehicle checkpoint. An argument ensued, and the police shot and killed two of the six, then detained the other four, who were subsequently killed in custody.The police attempted to bury the six bodies secretly, but Apo residents found and unearthed the bodies, then marched with the corpses to the police station. Police fled the resulting riot. The police claimed the six had been "armed robbers." Six police officers, including a deputy commissioner of police, were charged with murder. The trial continued at year's end.

Freedom House Country Report - Political Rights: 5   Civil Liberties: 4   Status: Partly Free

2009 Edition

www.freedomhouse.org/report/freedom-world/2009/nigeria

[accessed 4 February 2013]

Nigeria continues to suffer from abuses by security forces and a climate of impunity. In 2007, a UN special rapporteur on extrajudicial, summary, or arbitrary executions found that “torture and ill-treatment is widespread in police custody.”

Corruption Fueling Police Abuses

Human Rights Watch, Lagos , August 17, 2010

www.hrw.org/news/2010/08/17/nigeria-corruption-fueling-police-abuses

[accessed 4 February 2013]

EMBEZZLEMENT - At the same time, senior police officials are also allegedly embezzling staggering sums of public funds meant to cover basic police operations. The 2009 budget for the Nigeria Police Force totaled $1.4 billion. But the daily reality is that embezzlement and mismanagement has left the police with limited investigatory capacity and government forensic laboratories at a near standstill. The lack of needed resources appears to lead many police officers to use torture as their primary tool for collecting information from criminal suspects.

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Cite this webpage as: Patt, Prof. Martin, "Torture by Police, Forced Disappearance & Other Ill Treatment in the early years of the 21st Century- Nigeria", http://gvnet.com/torture/Nigeria.htm, [accessed <date>]

 

 

Torture in  [Nigeria]  [other countries]
Human Trafficking in  [Nigeria]  [other countries]
Street Children in  [Nigeria]  [other countries]
Child Prostitution in  [Nigeria]  [other countries]