Torture in [Egypt] [other countries]
Human Trafficking in [Egypt] [other countries]
Street Children in [Egypt] [other countries]
Child Prostitution in [Egypt] [other countries]
Torture by Police, Forced Disappearance
& Other Ill Treatment
In the early years of the 21st Century gvnet.com/torture/Egypt.htm
CAUTION: The following links have been culled from the web to illuminate the situation in Egypt. Some of these links may lead to websites that present allegations that are unsubstantiated or even false. No attempt has been made to validate their authenticity or to verify their content.
*** ARCHIVES ***
Egypt uses solitary confinement as 'torture'
Samy Magdy, Associated Press AP, Cairo, 7 May 2018
[accessed 10 May 2018]
Egypt is holding political prisoners in "prolonged and indefinite solitary confinement" that amounts to "torture," an international rights group said Monday.
"Under international law, solitary confinement may only be used as a disciplinary measure of last resort, but the Egyptian authorities are using it as a horrifying 'extra' punishment for political prisoners," said Najia Bounaim, Amnesty's North Africa campaigns director.
The London-based group said it has documented 36 cases of prisoners being held in solitary confinement, including six who have been isolated from the outside world since 2013. It said the prisoners in solitary confinement remain in their cells for 22 hours a day.
Basing its report on dozens of interviews with former prisoners and with family members of current prisoners, the group said abuses range from extended beatings to lack of food, humiliation and restricted movement for years on end.
The prolonged solitary confinement is usually aimed at extracting confessions and punishing prisoners for protesting ill-treatment, but some are held in solitary confinement purely because of their past political activism, Amnesty said.
Amnesty award goes to Egypt's Nadeem Center for torture victims
Deutsche Welle DW-WORLD.DE, 25.01.2018
[accessed 25 January 2018]
Amnesty International's German branch has awarded a human rights prize to Egypt's Nadeem Center. For the past 20 years, the center has documented torture carried out by security forces and treated victims at its clinic.
The Cairo-based Nadeem Center has been documenting torture carried out by Egyptian security forces for the past 20 years. The Egyptian government denies that it uses torture.
The center also provided victims with medical and psychological care at a specialist clinic which was the "only one of its kind in the country," Amnesty said.
Prosecution office refers two policemen to court over torture
Egypt Today, Cairo, 15 Jan 2018
[accessed 15 January 2018]
South Cairo Prosecution office referred Monday two police officers to be tried before urgent criminal court on the charges of torturing a citizen to death inside Mokkatam police station in South of Cairo.
The Prosecution office's decision came after receiving the forensic report which revealed that the cause of death was an internal bleeding caused by a broken rib. Unlike what the police claimed, that Afroto’s death took place due to drugs overdose.
Egyptian court sentences policemen in rare torture verdict
Associated Press AP Cairo, 25 October 2017
[accessed 27 October 2017]
An Egyptian court has sentenced a policeman to seven years in prison for torturing a worker to death, a rare decision against a force largely seen as operating with impunity.
The Court of Cassation sentenced officer Samir Hani on Wednesday, and also handed down three-year sentences to five other policemen involved in the case. It rejected appeals and issued what will be a final verdict.
The men were initially convicted last July of beating worker Talaat el-Rashidi to death in the Luxor police station after he was arrested in front of a coffee shop for possession of narcotics.
El Nadeem documents 67 torture cases, 87 enforced disappearances in April
Daily News Egypt, 9 May 2016
[accessed 10 August 2016]
El Nadeem Centre for the Rehabilitation of Victims of Violence published its monthly report documenting Interior Ministry and state civil violations in April.
The report stated that there have been 46 extrajudicial killings, nine deaths inside prisons, 67 cases of torture and mistreatment inside prisons, and 53 incidents of improper medical treatment inside prisons.
Additionally, the report recorded that there have been 87 enforced disappearances. Only 33 individuals that were reported missing have subsequently been located. There were 30 cases of violence committed by various state apparatuses.
In March, the centre documented 202 deaths, 105 enforced disappearances, and 39 cases of medical negligence inside detention centres.
Rights groups concerned of investigations into anti-torture judges
Nourhan Fahmy, Daily News, June 3, 2015
[accessed 11 August 2015]
[accessed 24 July 2017]
A number of NGOs and human rights organisations released a statement Wednesday criticising the authorities’ interrogation of two judges and the questioning of lawyer Negad Al-Borai.
The interrogations occurred in light of their submitting a draft law to combat torture.
The joint statement was signed by 18 organisations including: the Cairo Institute for Human Rights Studies (CIHRS); the Egyptian Initiative for Personal Rights (EIPR); and El Nadeem Center for the Rehabilitation of Victims of Violence.
The two judges under investigation, Assem Abd Al-Gabbar and Hisham Raouf, are accused of contributing to the drafting of an anti-torture law and their participation in a workshop.
3rd detainee dies in Matariya police station
Daily News Egypt, 28 Feb 2015
[accessed 11 August 2015]
Moustafa Ibrahim was found dead inside Matariya police station’s detention room, with fellow inmates asserting he was tied by a police officer for eight hours until his death, prosecution findings reported.
Ibrahim was detained on charges of possessing narcotics, state-owned newspaper Al-Ahram reported, with the newspaper also publishing a graphic picture of the deceased in the morgue. It was not clear from the picture whether he retained any signs of torture.
A legal source who is following the case, and who requested anonymity, said that Ibrahim died on 22 February. His death occured after “being tortured by electric shocks and being tied from the ceiling for eight hours, which caused an internal hemorrhage”.
Ibrahim is the third prisoner to die inside the controversial Matariya police station. Two men died last week in the same police station, with the families of the deceased accusing the police of torture. The two were named as Emad Ahmed El-Attar and a lawyer named Kareem Hamdy.
2 prisoners allegedly die of torture in Matariya Police Station
Adham Youssef, Daily News Egypt, 25 February 2015
[accessed 31 March 2015]
Two men died Tuesday night inside the detention room of the Matariya Police Station, with the families of the deceased accusing the police of torture.
One of the dead prisoners is Emad Ahmed El-Attar, who was arrested on 26 January during protests in Matariya. His cousin Ahmed told Daily News Egypt that El-Attar was severely tortured by police agents inside the police station.
“He was denied any medical care for a month, and was beaten and thrown inside the bathroom of the police station,” his cousin said. “Sometimes, his family had to bribe the guards to smuggle food or medication to him. For the last 15 days, he witnessed terrible treatment and died.”
Egypt: Investigate Professor’s Allegations of Torture
Human Rights Watch, New York, 3 February 2015
[accessed 29 March 2015]
According to Ghoniem and relatives of Shehata, National Security officers abused and electrocuted Shehata and his brother for four days in a National Security building in Sheikh Zaid city, southwest of Cairo, before sending them to prosecutors in the Supreme State Security division of the Prosecutor General. The prosecutor ordered them jailed pending investigations into charges that included belonging to a terrorist group – the Muslim Brotherhood – and possessing weapons.
“They wanted to videotape [Shehata] saying dictated confessions...every time he refused, they electrocuted him again,” Ghoniem said. “They also tortured his brother As’ad in front of him to abuse him psychologically.”
Human Rights Watch World Report 2015 - Events of 2014
Human Rights Watch, 29 January 2015
[accessed 18 March 2015]
TORTURE AND ILL-TREATMENT - At least 90 people died in local police stations and security directorates in the governorates of Cairo and Giza alone in 2014, according to an investigation by the Egyptian newspaper Al Watan, which cited statistics from the Justice Ministry’s Forensic Medical Authority. That number represented a 38 percent increase from the year before.
Detainees also described severe beatings during arrest, arrival at police stations, and transfer between prisons. Scores detained in January protests complained of torture, including electric shocks, to coerce confessions. The Egyptian Initiative for Personal Rights documented the enforced disappearance and torture of dozens of civilians in military detention.
NGOs call to end forced disappearances, torture in Ismailia prison
Ali Omar, Daily News, 24 May 2014
[accessed 25 May 2014]
Twenty-three to twenty-five men are locked in a six square metre cell with a lack of ventilation, light and sanitation, both statements detailed. Prisoners are allowed to go to the bathroom once a day, for five minutes before sunrise.
Detainees are often subjected to torture, “including the use of electric shocks, burns and other ill-treatment during interrogations at the military camp.” First hand reports from former detainees arrested by plainclothes men from their homes or seemingly at random on the street corroborate the NGO’s accusations.
According to the statements, torture is often used to extract “confessions” from detainees, who have not been charged or referred to prosecutors or courts, and have had no access to their lawyers.
Dozens of disappeared civilians face ongoing torture at military prison
Amnesty International, 22 May 2014
[accessed 22 May 2014]
TESTIMONIES/CASES -- ONE PRISONER RECENTLY RELEASED FROM AL AZOULY MILITARY PRISON -- “The military arrested me in January …and took me on the same day to Al Azouly prison after they beat me in a military camp in my town for four hours. I was held in Al Azouly prison for 76 days without seeing a judge or a prosecutor, I was not even allowed to talk to my family. They put me on the third floor of the prison in solitary confinement. The authorities there interrogated me six times. They took off my clothes and gave me electric shocks all over my body during the investigations, including on my testicles, and beat me with batons and military shoes. They handcuffed me from behind and hung me on a door for 30 minutes. They always blindfolded me during the investigations. In one interrogation they burned my beard with a lighter. The investigations were held in another building inside the camp…the soldiers call it S1 and S8 buildings [which are military intelligence buildings]. I could not see the investigators because I was blindfolded in all investigations and handcuffed from behind. They wanted to know information about protests and demonstrations, they asked about the active members in the university. They wanted to know who funds protests, who holds weapons and who buys them. They also asked me about my affiliation and whether I belong to the Muslim Brotherhood…
After 25 days I was transferred to another cell with another 23 prisoners. Most of the persons in this cell were from Sinai. One of the prisoners had burns on his body…he mentioned that they put out cigarettes on his body. We were allowed out of the cell once a day to the bathroom before sunrise, and for five minutes for all the 23 persons in the cell. The food was very poor. I was then released without a prosecutor’s order or investigations …they took me from prison and put me outside gate 2 of the military camp.”
Egypt torture claims: They electrocuted me, says 15-year-old boy
BBC News Middle East, 28 March 2014
[accessed 30 March 2014]
Ahmed Abdel Fattah, 15, says he spent a month behind bars after being arrested near to an Islamist protest north of Cairo in late January.
He told the BBC police accused him of being from the Muslim Brotherhood, and electrocuted him repeatedly.
Videos from Egypt prisons paint bleak picture
Al Jazeera, 09 Mar 2014
[accessed 17 March 2014]
Videotaped testimonies of prisoners currently held in Egyptian jails are painting a picture of arbitrary arrest, torture, forced confessions and cramped prison cells.
The videos – recorded on mobile phones, smuggled out of prison and obtained by journalists – were the first to show current detainees giving an account of prison conditions from within their cells.
"They tortured me in ways I can't describe. They started making me memorise confessions, they told me, 'You're going to stand before someone and you have to say what we tell you word for word,'" said one young man who claimed to be a university student.
"They were questioning me about things I have no idea about, and about people I don’t know… They said they would bring my mother here and rape her in front of me. Because of all the torture and the threats they made, I told them I will say whatever you want," said the prisoner.
He said he was beaten whenever he refrained from answering.
Egyptian detainees complain of police torture
Reuters, Al-Akhbar, 11 February 2014
[accessed 16 February 2014]
"He told me he was hanging by his arms from the ceiling and beaten very badly. He was taken to a room and blindfolded so he could hear the screams of men who were being tortured," said Hoda Mahmoud, referring to her detained husband Khaled al-Sayed, adding that some were sexually abused.
"They were electrocuted, blindfolded for 16 hours, and told: 'If you need to go to the bathroom, go on yourself'," said Heba Mohamed, wife of detainee Nagy Kamel. Khaled Dawoud, a liberal activist, quoted one of the detainees saying, "I was electrocuted in my genitals.”
Egypt police 'inflict pain like it's an art'
Louisa Loveluck, GlobalPost – International News, 15 December 2013
[accessed 17 Dec 2013]
“My client was beaten for three continuous days,” says Farouk’s lawyer, Mohamed el Hambouly. “The police are the masters of this. They inflict pain like an it’s art. First, they used the belt, then electric shocks, then the grill.”
Grilling, a torture method for which Egypt’s police have won notoriety, involves strapping a prisoner's hands and feet to wooden planks, then rotating them slowly as they are beaten.
Human rights lawyer blames prosecution for ‘rampaging’ torture in Egypt
Fady Ashraf, 10 December 2013
[accessed 10 Dec 2013]
Prominent human rights lawyer Negad El-Borai has blamed the general prosecution for the “rampage of torture crimes in Egypt,” adding that it “investigates such crimes extremely slowly”.
“Another problem with the prosecution is that they should investigate the crime of torture before investigating the original crime that the tortured defendant is charged with, which they don’t do. They just write down the torture complaint and go on with investigating the original case,” El-Borai said. United Group lawyer Mahmoud Rady said that prosecution does not allow lawyers to review torture cases most of the time.
He added: “Putting an end to torture requires political will, and a price that the ruling authority must pay… that price is choosing between security and human rights; in the long run, choosing human rights will [most] benefit society.”
Egyptian mosque turned into house of torture for Christians after Muslim Brotherhood protest
Fox News, 26 March 2013
[accessed 28 March 2013]
Islamic hard-liners stormed a mosque in suburban Cairo, turning it into torture chamber for Christians who had been demonstrating against the ruling Muslim Brotherhood in the latest case of violent persecution that experts fear will only get worse.
Ayad said he was beaten for hours with sticks before being left for dead on a roadside. Amir’s brother, Ezzat Ayad, said he received an anonymous phone call at 3 a.m. Saturday, with the caller saying his brother had been found near death and had been taken to the ambulance.
“He underwent radiation treatment that proved that he suffered a fracture in the bottom of his skull, a fracture in his left arm, a bleeding in the right eye, and birdshot injuries,” Ezzat Ayad said..
Rights Group Accuses Police of Using Torture and Violence
The Associated Press AP, January 22, 2013
[accessed 23 January 2013]
An Egyptian rights group on Tuesday accused the country’s police of “acting like a gang,” torturing detainees and using violence to impose control. The report by the Egyptian Initiative for Personal Rights documented 16 cases of police violence in which 11 people were killed and 10 were tortured inside police stations. Three died under torture during the first four months after President Mohammed Morsi took office on June 30, it said.
Two new alleged torture victims in Alexandria
Ahmed Aboul Enein, Daily News Egypt, 12 January 2013
[accessed 12 January 2013]
The officers allegedly beat and sexually assaulted the men in front of other officers and prisoners in the presence of the prison warden, who did not attempt to stop them. Mostafa Mostafa later attempted suicide, said the lawyers in their memo.
Torture was an endemic problem under former President Hosni Mubarak police force, and the habit carries on until today. The death of Khaled Said, considered by many one of the sparks of the 25 January 2011 uprising, was tortured and beaten to death by two police officers in Alexandria in 2010. Following the All Saints Church bombing of new year’s eve 2011, police tortured and beat to death Salafi youth Sayed Belal.
After the uprising and during the transitional period under the rule of the Supreme Council of the Armed Forces torture became a prominent issue. The many clashes with military personnel that marked the frequent protests and sit-ins of that period where often followed by allegations of torture.
The state of the world's human rights
Amnesty International AI, Annual Report 2013
[accessed 21 Jan 2014]
TORTURE AND OTHER ILL-TREATMENT
No legal or policy reforms were implemented to eradicate torture under either the SCAF or President Morsi’s administration. The People’s Assembly discussed harsher penalties for torture but did not introduce them before its dissolution. Torture and other ill-treatment continued and security forces acted with impunity. One NGO recorded 88 cases of torture or other ill-treatment by police during President Morsi’s first 100 days in power. Protesters arrested by riot police or the military were subjected to severe beatings and electric shocks in custody, including in Tora Prison, south of Cairo, where detainees also suffered overcrowding, inadequate clothing and lack of medical care. Some male protesters said they were abducted and taken to undisclosed locations, where they were given electric shocks and sexually abused to make them give information on their involvement in protests.
George Ramzi Nakhla was arrested in Cairo on 6 February. He said riot police tied his arms and legs to the back of an armoured vehicle and slowly dragged him along the road while others beat him with batons. He was beaten again at the Ministry of Interior and given electric shocks. He received no medical treatment for a broken arm and was forced to squat with 13 other men for several hours. At Tora Prison, he was beaten with electric cables and verbally abused. Following a three-day hunger strike, he was released on 25 March.
Abdel Haleem Hnesh was arrested by military forces on 4 May at a protest in Abbaseya, Cairo. He said troops severely beat him with 2m-long sticks and electric batons, and then took him with some 40 others to military area S28 in Cairo. He was presented to military prosecutors, and then transferred to Tora Prison where he was beaten on arrival with hoses and sticks. He was released five days later
EXCESSIVE USE OF FORCE
Protests in early 2012 were mainly against military rule. Following President Morsi’s election, demonstrations were held by his supporters and opponents. Security forces were largely absent, especially during large Tahrir Square protests, but in some instances they clashed with protesters. No reform of the police was initiated and the authorities employed tactics reminiscent of the Mubarak era, with security forces using excessive force against protesters. Riot police used excessive and unnecessary force, including firearms and US-made tear gas.
Security forces used lethal force without prior warning to disperse protesters, killing 16 protesters between 2 and 6 February in Cairo and Suez. The protests were in reaction to the killing of some 70 Al-Ahly football supporters by men in plain clothes during a match in Port Said, witnessed by security forces that did not prevent the violence.
Between 28 April and 4 May, at least 12 people were killed by men in plain clothes during a sit-in in Abbaseya Square, Cairo, in protest at the presidential election process. Security forces did not intervene, suggesting that the men acted at the army’s command or with their acquiescence.
On 20 November, teenage protester Gaber Salah Gaber was reportedly shot dead by security forces near the Ministry of the Interior in Cairo.
Conclusions and recommendations of the Committee against Torture
U.N. Convention against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment -- Doc. CAT/C/CR/29/4 (2002)
[accessed 27 February 2013]
D. Subjects of concern
5. The Committee is concerned about the following:
(a) The fact that a state of emergency has been in force since 1981, hindering the full consolidation of the rule of law in Egypt;
(b) The many consistent reports received concerning the persistence of the phenomenon of torture and ill-treatment of detainees by law enforcement officials, and the absence of measures to ensure effective protection and prompt and impartial investigations. Many of these reports relate to numerous cases of deaths in custody;
(c) The Committee expresses particular concern at the widespread evidence of torture and ill-treatment in administrative premises under the control of the State Security Investigation Department, the infliction of which is reported to be facilitated by the lack of any mandatory inspection by an independent body of such premises;
(d) The many reports of abuse of under-age detainees, especially sexual harassment of girls, committed by law enforcement officials, the lack of monitoring machinery to investigate such abuse and prosecute those responsible, and the fact that minors kept in places of detention have contact with adult detainees;
(e) The reports received concerning ill-treatment inflicted on men because of their real or alleged homosexuality, apparently encouraged by the lack of adequate clarity in the penal legislation;
(f) The continued use of administrative detention in Egypt;
(g) The fact that victims of torture and ill-treatment have no direct access to the courts to lodge complaints against law enforcement officials;
(h) The excessive length of many of the proceedings initiated in cases of torture and ill-treatment, and the fact that many court decisions to release detainees are not enforced in practice;
(i) The legal and practical restrictions on the activities of non-governmental organizations engaged in human rights work;
(j) The significant disparities in compensation granted to the victims of torture and ill-treatment.
Human Rights Reports » 2005 Country Reports on Human Rights Practices
[accessed 24 January 2013]
TORTURE AND OTHER CRUEL, INHUMAN, OR DEGRADING TREATMENT OR PUNISHMENT – Article 42 of the constitution prohibits the infliction of "physical or moral harm" upon persons who have been arrested or detained; however, torture and abuse of prisoners and detainees by police, security personnel, and prison guards remained common and persistent. According to the UN Committee Against Torture, a systematic pattern of torture by the security forces existed. Police torture resulted in deaths during the year (see section 1.a.).
Principal methods of torture reportedly employed by the police and the SSIS included stripping and blindfolding victims; suspending victims from a ceiling or doorframe with feet just touching the floor; beating victims with fists, whips, metal rods, or other objects; using electrical shocks; and dousing victims with cold water. Victims frequently reported being subjected to threats and forced to sign blank papers for use against themselves or their families should they in the future complain about the torture. Some victims, including male and female detainees and children, reported sexual assaults or threats of rape against themselves or family members. While the law requires security authorities to keep written records of detentions, human rights groups reported that the lack of such records often effectively blocked investigations.
On January 17, the Cairo Criminal Court sentenced Ahmed Saleh Darwish, of Cairo's Bab Al-Shareya police station, to five years in prison for torturing to death suspect Mohammad El-Husseiny Imam in 2001. According to a forensic report, Imam had died from electric shocks. Egypt's highest court, the Court of Cassation, had overturned an initial conviction of Darwish in May 2003 and ordered a retrial in September 2004.
On April 6, EOHR reported that the Nagada misdemeanors court, under article 129 of the penal code, sentenced Nouh Taha Ibrahim Muqlid, a police officer in charge of the Nagada police station's investigation unit, to one week's imprisonment for cruelty against detainee Mohammad Halaby Mohammad in April 2004.
On May 10, the Cairo Criminal Court sentenced police officer Mohamed Mubarak Ali and assistant officers Zaghloul Hamed Higab and Ahmed Ibrahim Madany--all based at the Sayyeda Zeinab police station--to three years' imprisonment for intentional assault against Mahmoud Gabar Mohamed which led to his death in 2003. Originally charged under article 126 of the penal code with torturing a suspect to extract a confession, the defendants were convicted of deliberate fatal assault, receiving the minimum sentence under article 236 "for reasons of clemency."
Numerous cases of torture were documented. According to EOHR, there were 34 cases of torture in police stations reported during the year. In late January, Mohammed El-Sayed Salem reportedly suffered a fractured spine and was left unconscious and paralyzed after being repeatedly kicked while handcuffed at a police station in Zagazig, according to EOHR. Although a court ruled that Salem should be freed on bail, he was detained for three more days. He was finally freed and taken to a local hospital on January 27.
On April 18, according to reports given by family members to EOHR, Ahmed Mahmoud Salem, who had been detained at Kafr Saqr police station in Sharqiya governorate, died after being beaten, sexually assaulted, and tortured with electric shocks. EOHR urged the public prosecutor and the interior ministry to investigate.
On June 23, EOHR submitted a formal complaint calling for an investigation into the case of Abdel Gawad El-Aaw, who was arrested on June 15 by Waraq police station officers for possession of drugs and weapons. Family members who had talked to El-Aaw in detention told EOHR that he had suffered beatings, including to "sensitive parts" of his body, at the hands of four police officials.
According to an EOHR report on June 23, the NCHR (which includes a representative from EOHR) had received 74 complaints of torture and officially forwarded them to the minister of interior. The June 23 EOHR report noted that the ministry had not responded to any of the complaints.
In January 2004, the public prosecutor indicted police major Yasser Ibrahim El-Akkad, head of the criminal investigations unit at Haram Police Station in metropolitan Cairo, for torturing actress Habiba while investigating the 1999 killing of her husband. The case against El-Akkad, who claimed that Habiba willingly confessed, remained ongoing at year's end.
In March, six police officers were convicted of torturing to death Ahmed Khalil Ibrahim in 2002, and each was sentenced to 10 years' imprisonment; the sentences were reduced to 7 years by an appeals court. In 2004, the Alexandria Criminal Court had twice postponed the case, before proceedings resumed in March. The Association for Human Rights Legal Aid (AHRLA) filed a civil suit on behalf of Ibrahim's family, seeking $1.6 million (LE 10 million) in compensation.
On June 23, EOHR reported it had documented 292 torture cases between 1993 and 2004, and 120 cases in which the victim concerned died as a result of suspected torture or mistreatment. In 2004 EOHR monitored 42 cases of torture and 23 deaths. As of June 23, EOHR reported it had monitored 27 cases of torture and 5 deaths during the year.
Freedom House Country Report - Political Rights: 6 Civil Liberties: 5 Status: Not Free
[accessed 24 January 2013]
The Egyptian Organization for Human Rights (EOHR) has reported that as many as 16,000 people are detained without charge for security-related offenses, and thousands have been convicted and are serving sentences. Conditions in Egyptian prisons are very poor; prisoners are subject to torture, overcrowding, abuse, and a lack of sanitation, hygiene, and medical care.
Work on Him Until He Confesses - Impunity for Torture in Egypt
Human Rights Watch, 31 January 2011
[accessed 24 January 2013]
SUMMARY - Throughout June and July 2010 hundreds of Egyptians took to the streets in a rare wave of protests to voice their anger at the police, whom witnesses accused of publicly beating to death Khaled Said, a 28-year-old from Alexandria. Some of these protests were loud and angry, with demonstrators demanding a full investigation into Said's death on June 6, and the prosecution of all those they held responsible, including the interior minister. In one particular event, hundreds of mourners dressed in black lined the Alexandrian coast in Said's memory, staring silently out to sea.
The Khaled Said case-including gruesome pictures of Said's battered body that soon appeared on social networking websites-shook and outraged many in Egypt, where an emergency law grants wide powers to police and security force. Some citizens could identify with Said as victims of police brutality, while many young people could understand the experience of being randomly accosted by police in an internet café – public internet cafés are subject to surveillance and require a national ID to enter. An initial attempt by authorities to cover up police culpability only fueled public anger.
According to Egyptian lawyers and domestic and international human rights groups, which have extensively documented the practice of torture in Egypt, law enforcement officials have used torture and ill-treatment on a widespread, deliberate, and systematic basis over the past two decades to glean confessions and information, or to punish detainees. The United Nations Committee Against Torture has confirmed the systematic nature of torture in Egypt. Criminal Investigations officers and State Security Investigations (SSI) officers, under the authority of the minister of interior, are most often responsible for such abuse. This includes beatings, electric shocks, suspension in painful positions, forced standing for long periods, water-boarding, as well as rape and threatening to rape victims and their family. Since 2004, the ombudsman office of the quasi-official National Council for Human Rights (NCHR) has sent the Ministry of Interior and Office of the Public Prosecutor (niyaba in Arabic)-which is responsible for investigating and prosecuting crime-over 50 complaints on torture and deaths in custody.
Impunity for Torture Fuels Days of Rage
Human Rights Watch, Cairo, January 31, 2011
[accessed 12 January 2013]
They took me to Imbaba police station and put me in a room by myself. Two officers came in and told me to confess. I asked, "What to?" They answered, "Confess to the theft." The head of the Criminal Investigations unit said, "Work on him until he confesses." They handcuffed my hands in front of me and hung me from the door for more than two hours. They had whips and hit me on the legs, on the bottom of my feet, and on my back. When they took me down, they brought a black electric device and applied electro-shocks four or five times to my arms until they started smoking. All of this time they kept saying, "You have to confess." The next morning they beat me again and whipped me with the cable on my back and on my shoulders. I fainted after three hours of the beating.
Library of Congress Call Number DT46 .E32 1991
[accessed 24 July 2017]
CRIME AND PUNISHMENT - THE PENAL SYSTEM – According to the 1988 report of the human rights organization Amnesty International, there were many allegations of torture and poor-treatment of detainees, particularly in parts of the Tora Prison complex. Torture was apparently inflicted to obtain confessions in 1987 after a series of assassination attempts against high officials. Egypt has refused to allow representatives from groups such as the Arab Human Rights Organization and the International Red Cross to inspect the country's prisons and meet with prisoners. Members of the People's Assembly who represented opposition parties were also refused access to the prisons. A report by the Egyptian Organization for Human Rights in early 1990 claimed that there was a marked increase in the use of torture in 1989, not only against members of subversive organizations but also against ordinary citizens with no political affiliations. Muhammad Abd al Halim Musa replaced Badr as minister of interior in January 1990. Badr had long been criticized for harsh repression of Islamic extremists and violations of civil liberties. Egyptian human rights activists hoped that his successor would adopt more moderate policies and improve the treatment of prisoners.
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Cite this webpage as: Patt, Prof. Martin, "Torture by Police, Forced Disappearance & Other Ill Treatment in the early years of the 21st Century- Egypt", http://gvnet.com/torture/Egypt.htm, [accessed <date>]
Torture in [Egypt] [other countries]
Human Trafficking in [Egypt] [other countries]
Street Children in [Egypt] [other countries]
Child Prostitution in [Egypt] [other countries]