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Human Trafficking

Prevalence, Abuse & Exploitation of Street Children

In the first decade of the 21st Century                                                 

Republic of Niger

Niger is one of the poorest countries in the world, ranking near last on the United Nations Development Fund index of human development. It is a landlocked, Sub-Saharan nation, whose economy centers on subsistence crops, livestock, and some of the world's largest uranium deposits. Drought cycles, desertification, and strong population growth have undercut the economy.

A drought and locust infestation in 2005 led to food shortages for as many as 2.5 million Nigeriens.  [The World Factbook, U.S.C.I.A. 2009]


CAUTION:  The following links and accompanying text have been culled from the web to illuminate the situation in Niger.  Some of these links may lead to websites that present allegations that are unsubstantiated or even false.  No attempt has been made to validate their authenticity or to verify their content.



If you are looking for material to use in a term-paper, you are advised to scan the postings on this page and others to see which aspect(s) of street life are of particular interest to you.  You might be interested in exploring how children got there, how they survive, and how some manage to leave the street.  Perhaps your paper could focus on how some street children abuse the public and how they are abused by the public … and how they abuse each other.  Would you like to write about market children? homeless children?  Sexual and labor exploitation? begging? violence? addiction? hunger? neglect? etc.  There is a lot to the subject of Street Children.  Scan other countries as well as this one.  Draw comparisons between activity in adjacent countries and/or regions.  Meanwhile, check out some of the Term-Paper resources that are available on-line.


Check out some of the Resources for Teachers attached to this website.


Information about Street Children - Niger [DOC]

This report is taken from “A Civil Society Forum for Francophone Africa on Promoting and Protecting the Rights of Street Children”, 2-5 June 2004, Senegal

At one time this article had been archived and may possibly still be accessible [here]

[accessed 27 June 2011]

The fundamental cause of the street child phenomenon is poverty, although this acts in combination with a number of other factors such as the exclusive and inappropriate education system (30% of school drop outs end up on the streets), intra-familial conflict and parental neglect/abuse, population pressure and the practice of using very young children as beggars to supplement income.


*** ARCHIVES ***

The Department of Labor’s 2004 Findings on the Worst Forms of Child Labor

U.S. Dept of Labor Bureau of International Labor Affairs, 2005

[accessed 12 December 2010]

INCIDENCE AND NATURE OF CHILD LABOR - Children also shine shoes; guard cars; work as apprentices for artisans, tailors, and mechanics; perform domestic work; and work as porters and street beggars.  Some Koranic teachers indenture young boys and send them to beg in the streets.

Human Rights Reports » 2005 Country Reports on Human Rights Practices

U.S. Dept of State Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights, and Labor, March 8, 2006

[accessed 10 February 2020]

CHILDREN - Although the law provides that the government promote children's welfare, financial resources for this purpose were extremely limited. Education was compulsory and free for a minimum period of six years; however, according to the Ministry of Basic Education, only approximately 50 percent of children of primary school age attended school.

There were many displaced children, mostly boys, begging on the streets of the larger cities. Most of these boys came from rural areas and were indentured to Koranic schools by their parents due to economic hardship.

Concluding Observations of the Committee on the Rights of the Child (CRC)

UN Convention on the Rights of the Child, 7 June 2002

[accessed 4 March 2011]

[66] The Committee is concerned at the number of children who are begging in the streets. The Committee notes that part of these child beggars are scholars under the guardianship of Islamic religious education teachers. The Committee is concerned at their vulnerability to all forms of exploitation.

[68] The Committee is concerned at the increasing number of child victims of sexual exploitation, including for prostitution and pornography, especially among child laborers and street children. Concern is also expressed at the insufficient programs for the physical and psychological recovery and social reintegration of child victims of such abuse and exploitation.

Committee on the Rights to the Child (CRC) - Reports to Treaty Bodies

For the Record 2002: The United Nations Human Rights System -- Publication produced by Human Rights Internet (HRI) in partnership with the Canadian Department of Foreign Affairs and International Trade (DFAIT)

At one time this article had been archived and may possibly still be accessible [here]

[accessed 27 June 2011]

Noted with concern were ... the existence of slavery in some parts of the country; the number of children who are begging in the streets and their vulnerability to all forms of exploitation; the increasing number of child victims of sexual exploitation, including for prostitution and pornography, especially among child laborers and street children; the absence of juvenile courts, and the limited number of juvenile judges, social workers and teachers working in this field.

Children Rights

ECPAT:  CSEC Country Report

[accessed 27 June 2011]

[scroll down to CHILDREN RIGHTS]

The prostitution of boys is another emerging phenomenon in the country, involving in most cases street children and children in conflict with the law. Reports have indicated that boys as young as 12 were involved in this form of exploitation.

Taking action for girls' education [PDF]

A. Kyrillou, Links - A newsletter on gender for Oxfam Great Britain (GB) staff and partners, 6-7 October 2003

[accessed 27 June 2011]

[accessed 26 December 2016]

[page 4]

RECORD BREAKERS - An amazing 1.8 million children from Albania to Zimbabwe participated in the 'World's Biggest Ever Lesson' on 9 April 2003. They were joined by pop stars, politicians, and policy makers in 108 countries, as part of the GCE's Week of Action. The aim of the lesson was to highlight the importance of educating girls and to remind world leaders to keep their promises to fund education for every girl and boy. UN Secretary General Kofi Paman, who took part in the lesson, urged support for the campaign: "Let this be not only the world's biggest ever lesson, but a lesson that the world will never forget." Bangladesh emerged as the biggest star, with at least 450,000 children and adults across the country taking part, while in Niger President Tandja Mamadou took '15 Big Steps' towards the 2015 goal of getting all boys and girls into school. In Paris, at the normally sober UNESCO headquarters, Director General Koichiro Matsuura presented the lesson to member states during an Executive Board meeting. In South Africa, Nobel Prize-winning author Nadine Gordimer was one of the celebrities presenting the Big Lesson. Television star Michelle Collins taught the lesson to 2,500 British schoolchildren, while Schools Minister David Miliband taught the lesson at an east London primary school.

Plan Niger

Plan International

[Last access date to the following posting on the Plan website is unavailable]

[accessed 26 December 2016]

Niger remains one of the world’s poorest countries with 63% of the population living on less than $1 a day. Slavery was only banned in 2003 and it is estimated that thousands of people still live in subjugation. With only one third of primary school-age children receiving education, Niger has one of the lowest literacy rates in the world. Likewise, its health system is rudimentary and disease is widespread

SOME OF THE REASONS PLAN WORKS IN NIGER - 70% of children do not go to primary school.

Eugene Richards - Seeing-Eye Children

Themes (a bimonthly documentary photography magazine) -- edited by John Vink, associated at Magnum photo

[accessed 27 June 2011]

EUGENE RICHARDS - SEEING-EYE CHILDREN - In Niger many children are compelled to act as guides for their parents who suffer from onchocerciasis, or river blindness.  There is the story of Boube, 9 years old, who walks his father when he goes panhandling on the streets of Niamey:  When the night comes Boube learns French and math in the country's very first school for guides

Send my friend to school” plead the children

Plan International

At one time this article had been archived and may possibly still be accessible [here]

[accessed 27 June 2011]

Plan Niger sponsored children joined hundreds of thousands of children to remind decision-makers that all children should have access to a primary education.

All material used herein reproduced under the fair use exception of 17 USC § 107 for noncommercial, nonprofit, and educational use.  PLEASE RESPECT COPYRIGHTS OF COMPONENT ARTICLES.  Cite this webpage as: Patt, Prof. Martin, "Street Children - Niger",, [accessed <date>]