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In the early years of the 21st Century

Description: Description: Niger

CAUTION:  The following links and accompanying text have been culled from the web to illuminate the situation in Niger in the early years of the 21st Century.  Some of these links may lead to websites that present allegations that are unsubstantiated, misleading or even false.   No attempt has been made to validate their authenticity or to verify their content.



If you are looking for material to use in a term-paper, you are advised to scan the postings on this page and others to see which aspects of poverty are of particular interest to you.  You might be interested in exploring the relationship between distribution of labor and per-capita GDP, for example.  Perhaps your paper could focus on life expectancy or infant mortality.  Other factors of interest might be unemployment, literacy, access to basic services, etc.  On the other hand, you might choose to include some of the possible outgrowths of poverty such as Human Trafficking, Street Children, or even Prostitution.  There is a lot to the subject of Poverty.  Scan other countries as well as this one.  Draw comparisons between activity in adjacent countries and/or regions.  Meanwhile, check out some of the Term-Paper resources that are available on-line.


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*** Extreme Weather ***

More than 29 million people in Ethiopia, Somalia, Kenya, Djibouti, Mauritania, and Niger continue to face unrelenting drought conditions. These prolonged dry spells pose significant challenges to agriculture, water availability, and food security.adapted from Microsoft BING Copilot

*** ARCHIVES ***

The World Factbook - Niger

U.S. Central Intelligence Agency CIA

[accessed 16 November 2020]

World Factbook website has moved to --->

[accessed 6 January 2021]

ECONOMIC OVERVIEW - centers on subsistence crops, livestock, and some of the world's largest uranium deposits; agriculture contributes about 40% of  GDP and provides livelihood for over 80% of the population; issues include food insecurity, lack of industry, high population  growth, a weak educational sector, and few prospects for work outside of subsistence farming and herding

GDP - per capita (PPP): $1,200 (2017 est.)

Labor force - by occupation:

agriculture: 79.2%

industry: 3.3%

services: 17.5% (2012 est.)

Unemployment rate: 0.3% (2017 est.)

Population below poverty line: 45.4% (2014 est.)

Maternal mortality rate: 509 deaths/100,000 live births (2017 est.)

Infant mortality rate: total: 67.7 deaths/1,000 live births

Life expectancy at birth: total population: 59.3 years

Drinking water source: improved: total: 65.2% of population

Physicians density: 0.04 physicians/1,000 population (2016)

Sanitation facility access: improved: total: 23.3% of population

Electricity access: electrification - total population: 16.2% (2016)

The Borgen Project - Niger

[accessed 23 February 2021]

The Borgen Project works with U.S. leaders to utilize the United States’ platform behind efforts toward improving living conditions for the world’s poor.  It is an innovative, national campaign that is working to make poverty a focus of U.S. foreign policy.  It believes that leaders of the most powerful nation on earth should be doing more to address global poverty. From ending segregation to providing women with the right to vote, nearly every wrong ever righted in history was achieved through advocacy. The Borgen Project addresses the big picture, operating at the political level advancing policies and programs that improve living conditions for those living on less than $1 per day.

~ Poverty And Income Diversification — The Escape

~ Combating Child Marriage In Niger

~ How Agriculture Grants Are Empowering Women In Niger

~ What You Need To Know About Healthcare In Niger

Conflict, climate change, and COVID-19 drive extreme hunger

Oxfam, 9 July 2021

[accessed 19 July 2021]

The effects of conflict, COVID-19, and climate change have intensified the global hunger crisis.

WEST AFRICAN SAHEL - DRIVERS OF HUNGER: CONFLICT -- The region encompassing Burkina Faso, Chad, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Nigeria, and Senegal has seen a 67 percent increase in hunger since last year. Continued violence has forced 5.3 million people to flee their homes. Insecurity has cut off farmers from their agriculture. Last year, along with the economic impact of COVID-19, the climate crisis disrupted the agricultural season, limiting stocks and people’s livelihoods.

The Sahel struggles with terror, poverty and climate change

The Arab Weekly, 18 March 2021

[accessed 18 March 2021]

Internal displacement had increased 20-fold in less than two years while the number of families facing hunger has tripled.

The United Nations warned in November of a heightened risk of famine in Burkina Faso, along with northeastern Nigeria and South Sudan and also of a high hunger risk in both Mali and Niger.

Problems have been exacerbated by the Covid-19 pandemic.


Action Against Hunger - Niger

[accessed 21 March 2021]

A landlocked nation with little arable land for farming, Niger ranks among the world’s poorest countries, with subsistence agriculture and livestock accounting for 80 percent of Niger’s livelihoods. But agriculture in Niger is besieged by significant challenges, such as routine climate shocks (droughts and floods), poor soil quality, underdeveloped markets in seeds, fertilizers and other productive inputs, not to mention poor pasture lands for grazing animals.

With about 60% of Nigeriens living below the poverty line, household food consumption is a serious seasonal concern, as rampant food insecurity and hunger are chronic for significant swaths of Niger’s population. As a result, malnutrition rates are steep in Niger, affecting some 40% of all Nigerien children, and rates of deadly acute malnutrition at an alarming 10%.

The World Bank in Niger

[accessed 21 April 2021]

The World Bank supports projects in water, rural development, HIV/AIDS, education, health, natural disaster management, and emergency food security.

Looking back a few years …

Advameg, Inc., Encyclopedia of the Nations

[accessed 8 December 2020]

Niger is an arid, landlocked country with much of its territory forming a portion of the Sahara. Most of its people live in a marginally productive and highly drought-prone band of arable land along Niger's southern border with Nigeria.

Subsistence agriculture prevails in the less than 3% of the country that is under cultivation. Agriculture and livestock production employed an estimated 95% of the labor force.

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