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Human Trafficking

Prevalence, Abuse & Exploitation of Street Children

In the first decade of the 21st Century                                                                                                                   

Republic of Azerbaijan

Azerbaijan shares all the formidable problems of the former Soviet republics in making the transition from a command to a market economy, but its considerable energy resources brighten its medium-term prospects. Baku has only recently begun making progress on economic reform, and old economic ties and structures are slowly being replaced.

Long-term prospects will depend on world oil prices, the location of new oil and gas pipelines in the region, and Azerbaijan's ability to manage its energy wealth to promote sustainable growth in non-energy sectors of the economy and spur employment.  [The World Factbook, U.S.C.I.A. 2009]


CAUTION:  The following links and accompanying text have been culled from the web to illuminate the situation in Azerbaijan.  Some of these links may lead to websites that present allegations that are unsubstantiated or even false.  No attempt has been made to validate their authenticity or to verify their content.



If you are looking for material to use in a term-paper, you are advised to scan the postings on this page and others to see which aspect(s) of street life are of particular interest to you.  You might be interested in exploring how children got there, how they survive, and how some manage to leave the street.  Perhaps your paper could focus on how some street children abuse the public and how they are abused by the public … and how they abuse each other.  Would you like to write about market children? homeless children?  Sexual and labor exploitation? begging? violence? addiction? hunger? neglect? etc.  There is a lot to the subject of Street Children.  Scan other countries as well as this one.  Draw comparisons between activity in adjacent countries and/or regions.  Meanwhile, check out some of the Term-Paper resources that are available on-line.


Check out some of the Resources for Teachers attached to this website.


Real Lives - Azerbaijan Diary: A Sting In The Tale

Lynn Geldof, United Nations Children's Fund UNICEF

[accessed 2 April 2011]

“We have regular customers who park their cars and we wash them. When they leave work, they pay us."  The police don’t hassle them on the proviso that they take 60% of the boys’ earnings. So net profit usually ends up as approximately a dollar per boy per day.  The boys drop in and out of school. Ridicule appears to be a feature of the alienation process. "They jeer at me for not having a change of clothes. Even the principal told me not to come to school if I didn’t wear the right clothes"


*** ARCHIVES ***

Human Rights Reports » 2005 Country Reports on Human Rights Practices

U.S. Dept of State Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights, and Labor, March 8, 2006

[accessed 4 February 2020]

CHILDREN - Public education was compulsory, free, and universal until the age of 17. The Ministry of Education reported 100 percent elementary school attendance, 97 percent middle school attendance, and 88 percent high school attendance during the year; the UN Children's Fund reported the elementary school figure was approximately 88 percent. The highest level of education achieved by the majority of children was high school. In impoverished rural areas, large families sometimes placed a higher priority on the education of male children and kept girls to work in the home. Some poor families forced their children to beg rather than attend school.

A large number of refugee and IDP children lived in substandard conditions in camps and public buildings. In some cases, these children were unable to attend school.

Concluding Observations of the Committee on the Rights of the Child (CRC)

UN Convention on the Rights of the Child, 6 June 1997

[accessed 25 February 2011]

[21] The Committee is deeply concerned about the consequences of armed conflict on families, in particular the emergence of a population of unaccompanied children, orphans and abandoned children.

[23] While welcoming the fact that the State party has recently released a study on children working and/or living on the street, the recent increase in the number of such children is a matter of concern. The Committee also expresses its serious concern at the increase in the number of child prostitutes, and that the State party does not have a clear strategy to combat the abuse and sexual exploitation of children.

Azerbaijan State Committee on Family, Women, Children Requires Additional Authorities

S. Ilhamgizi, Trend News Agency

[accessed 16 January 2017]

According to her, Azerbaijan has no official statistical data on its street-children, because most of these children return to their families after some time. Educational institutes are also responsible for the problem. Most street-children go to secondary school, where control over attendance is poor, she said.

Street Children Beg For Livelihood In Baku

Konul Khalilova, Baku, May 7, 2002

[accessed 2 April 2011]

Fagan lives in the Bileceri district with his mother and brothers. He didn’t want to say how much he earns in a day, but whispers that he has to pay out half of this money as ’protection’ for working on the street. His story is more common than ever. In Soviet times, to call someone a "street child" amounted to an insulting exaggeration. Since the Soviet Union collapsed, it has become more and more a descriptive term.

Helping Street Children

Chloe Arnold, Deutsche Welle DW-WORLD.DE, 01.09.2007,1564,1103828,00.html

[accessed 2 April 2011]

Some of them have mothers, but no fathers; some have fathers, but no mothers.  They’re in difficult financial situations, and so, they are forced onto the streets to earn money for their families.  But these boys face a major problem when they become 18.  They have nothing to do, they can’t find work and so they can’t eat.  They need some sort of profession.

Consortium for Street Children

Consortium for Street Children, 2004

At one time this article had been archived and may possibly still be accessible [here]

[accessed 21 September 2011]

Street children in Azerbaijan are particularly at risk to be exploited through labor, particularly drug and sex trafficking. Neglect and economic status is often the main cause of children taking to the streets where they are also in danger in becoming involved in Azerbaijan's ongoing conflict with Armenia.

Special Rapporteur On The Sale Of Children, Child Prostitution & Pornography [DOC] Gov Translation.doc

[accessed 2 April 2011]

3. INFORMATION ON INITIATIVES (a) INSTITUTIONAL AND POLICY MEASURES - It was decided to create a children’s police force (taking account of international experience) and to recruit persons trained as teachers, particularly women specialists, as members of the police force, to establish crisis centers (psychosocial rehabilitation centers), to set up anonymous telephone lines (hotlines) and to conduct special training for this purpose.

Azerbaijan probes child-organ traffickers

BBC News, 23 February, 2004

[accessed 20 January 2011]

STREET CHILDREN - During the Soviet system, there was a specific government plan and specific policy which was directed towards the welfare of each individual but unfortunately, after gaining independence, this old system just collapsed and there is no alternative, which could - which should - replace it.

The Protection Project - Azerbaijan

The Paul H. Nitze School of Advanced International Studies (SAIS), The Johns Hopkins University

[accessed 2009]

FACTORS THAT CONTRIBUTE TO THE TRAFFICKING INFRASTRUCTURE - Poor social and economic conditions for women and children make them vulnerable to trafficking. Women’s lower social status and lack of decently paid work opportunities compel them to seek employment outside of Azerbaijan.  Furthermore, with the collapse of the Soviet Union, the social welfare system ceased to function effectively in Azerbaijan, thereby forcing many children onto the streets, where they are vulnerable to exploitation. - htsccp

All material used herein reproduced under the fair use exception of 17 USC § 107 for noncommercial, nonprofit, and educational use.  PLEASE RESPECT COPYRIGHTS OF COMPONENT ARTICLES.  Cite this webpage as: Patt, Prof. Martin, "Street Children - Azerbaijan", Azerbaijan.htm, [accessed <date>]