Main Menu
Street Children
Human Trafficking


Poverty & Hunger

Republic of


In the early years of the 21st Century

Description: Description: Azerbaijan

CAUTION:  The following links and accompanying text have been culled from the web to illuminate the situation in Azerbaijan in the early years of the 21st Century.  Some of these links may lead to websites that present allegations that are unsubstantiated, misleading or even false.   No attempt has been made to validate their authenticity or to verify their content.



If you are looking for material to use in a term-paper, you are advised to scan the postings on this page and others to see which aspects of poverty are of particular interest to you.  You might be interested in exploring the relationship between distribution of labor and per-capita GDP, for example.  Perhaps your paper could focus on life expectancy or infant mortality.  Other factors of interest might be unemployment, literacy, access to basic services, etc.  On the other hand, you might choose to include some of the possible outgrowths of poverty such as Human Trafficking, Street Children, or even Prostitution.  There is a lot to the subject of Poverty.  Scan other countries as well as this one.  Draw comparisons between activity in adjacent countries and/or regions.  Meanwhile, check out some of the Term-Paper resources that are available on-line.


Check out some of the Resources for Teachers attached to this website.

*** Extreme Weather ***

The climate of Azerbaijan has been affected by climate change since the start of the 21st century. The temperature has increased by 1.3 degrees Celsius and extreme weather events are becoming more frequent. The Caspian Sea is shrinking, and the water level is falling. Forests in the Caucasus are being affected, and ecological problems on the coast are being made worse by climate change.  Microsoft BING Copilot

*** ARCHIVES ***

The World Factbook - Azerbaijan

U.S. Central Intelligence Agency CIA

[accessed 9 November 2020]

World Factbook website has moved to --->

[accessed 5 January 2021]

Declining oil prices caused a 3.1% contraction in GDP in 2016, and a 0.8% decline in 2017, highlighted by a sharp reduction in the construction sector. The economic decline was accompanied by higher inflation, a weakened banking sector, and two sharp currency devaluations in 2015. Azerbaijan’s financial sector continued to struggle. In May 2017, Baku allowed the majority state-owed International Bank of Azerbaijan (IBA), the nation’s largest bank, to default on some of its outstanding debt and file for restructuring in Azerbaijani courts; IBA also filed in US and UK bankruptcy courts to have its restructuring recognized in their respective jurisdictions.

Azerbaijan has made limited progress with market-based economic reforms. Pervasive public and private sector corruption and structural economic inefficiencies remain a drag on long-term growth, particularly in non-energy sectors. The government has, however, made efforts to combat corruption, particularly in customs and government services.

GDP - per capita (PPP): $17,500 (2017 est.)

Labor force - by occupation:

agriculture: 37%

industry: 14.3%

services: 48.9% (2014 est.)

Unemployment rate: 5% (2017 est.)

Population below poverty line: 4.9% (2015 est.)

Maternal mortality rate: 26 deaths/100,000 live births (2017 est.)

Infant mortality rate: total: 21.3 deaths/1,000 live births

Life expectancy at birth: total population: 73.6 years

Drinking water source: improved: total: 94.1% of population

Physicians density: 3.45 physicians/1,000 population (2014)

Sanitation facility access: improved: total: 95.1% of population

Electricity access: electrification - total population: 100% (2016)

The Borgen Project - Azerbaijan

[accessed 19 January 2021]

The Borgen Project works with U.S. leaders to utilize the United States’ platform behind efforts toward improving living conditions for the world’s poor.  It is an innovative, national campaign that is working to make poverty a focus of U.S. foreign policy.  It believes that leaders of the most powerful nation on earth should be doing more to address global poverty. From ending segregation to providing women with the right to vote, nearly every wrong ever righted in history was achieved through advocacy. The Borgen Project addresses the big picture, operating at the political level advancing policies and programs that improve living conditions for those living on less than $1 per day.

~ Poverty In Nagorno-Karabakh

~ Examining Women’s Rights In Azerbaijan

~ How Development Goals Fight Hunger In Azerbaijan

~ 10 Facts About Hunger In Azerbaijan

~ 10 Facts About Life Expectancy In Azerbaijan

~ Tourism Industry In Azerbaijan Has Potential To Alleviate Poverty

~ Ten Facts About Poverty In Azerbaijan

The World Bank in Azerbaijan

[accessed 15 April 2021]

The COVID-19 pandemic and oil price slump could result in an economic contraction in 2020 and slow recovery afterwards. Policy priorities should include addressing macroeconomic management challenges and financial sector fragilities, while protecting the poor.

Looking back a few years …

Advameg, Inc., Encyclopedia of the Nations

[accessed 13 December 2020]

Azerbaijan boasts a diversified industrial sector that accounts for approximately a third of GDP (2000 est.) up from less than a fifth in 1998, and 15% of employment (including construction), a figure that has remained unchanged. Agriculture, which employs about 40% of the labor force and accounts for 20% of GDP (including forestry), also rests on a relatively diversified base, producing cotton, tobacco, grapes, and a variety of foodstuffs. The transport sector is well developed, integrating the country's various regions and facilitating both domestic and external trade.

Despite its economic potential, Azerbaijan has been slow in making the transition from a command to a market economy.

All material used herein reproduced under the fair use exception of 17 USC § 107 for noncommercial, nonprofit, and educational use.  PLEASE RESPECT COPYRIGHTS OF COMPONENT ARTICLES.  Cite this webpage as: Prof. Martin Patt, "Poverty - Azerbaijan",, [accessed <date>]