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In the early years of the 21st Century


Description: Description: Uzbekistan

CAUTION:  The following links and accompanying text have been culled from the web to illuminate the situation in Uzbekistan in the early years of the 21st Century.  Some of these links may lead to websites that present allegations that are unsubstantiated, misleading or even false.   No attempt has been made to validate their authenticity or to verify their content.



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Check out some of the Resources for Teachers attached to this website.

*** Extreme Weather ***

Uzbekistan experiences an extreme continental climate, characterized by significant temperature variations throughout the year.  The average temperature in Uzbekistan has been gradually increasing. In 2022, it reached an all-time high of 14.86°C.

In December, temperatures average around -8°C (18°F) in the northern regions and 0°C (32°F) in the southern parts of Uzbekistan. However, extreme fluctuations can lead to temperatures as low as -35°C (-31°F).

During the summer months, temperatures can soar to 45°C (113°F) and even higher. adapted from Microsoft BING Copilot

*** ARCHIVES ***

The World Factbook - Uzbekistan

U.S. Central Intelligence Agency CIA

[accessed 17 November 2020]

World Factbook website has moved to --->

[accessed 11 January 2021]

ECONOMIC OVERVIEW - since independence in September 1991, government has maintained Soviet-style command economy with subsidies and tight controls on production, prices, and access to foreign currency; agriculture remains largely centered on cotton

GDP - per capita (PPP): $6,900 (2017 est.)

Labor force - by occupation:

agriculture: 25.9%

industry: 13.2%

services: 60.9% (2012 est.)

Unemployment rate: 5% (2017 est.)

Population below poverty line: 14% (2016 est.)

Maternal mortality rate: 29 deaths/100,000 live births (2017 est.)

Infant mortality rate: total: 16.3 deaths/1,000 live births

Life expectancy at birth: total population: 74.8 years

Drinking water source: improved: total: 97.8% of population

Physicians density: 2.37 physicians/1,000 population (2014)

Sanitation facility access: improved: total: 100% of population

Electricity access: electrification - total population: 100% (2016)

The Borgen Project - Uzbekistan

[accessed 19 March 2021]

The Borgen Project works with U.S. leaders to utilize the United States’ platform behind efforts toward improving living conditions for the world’s poor.  It is an innovative, national campaign that is working to make poverty a focus of U.S. foreign policy.  It believes that leaders of the most powerful nation on earth should be doing more to address global poverty. From ending segregation to providing women with the right to vote, nearly every wrong ever righted in history was achieved through advocacy. The Borgen Project addresses the big picture, operating at the political level advancing policies and programs that improve living conditions for those living on less than $1 per day.

~ The Truth About Womens Rights In Uzbekistan

~ Paulownia Trees Reduce Poverty In Uzbekistan

~ Female Activism: Women In Uzbekistan

~ Decreasing Hunger In Uzbekistan

~ 7 Facts About Healthcare In Uzbekistan

~ 5 Facts About Poverty In Uzbekistan

~ Improving Education In Rural Uzbekistan

~ Uzbekistan’s Economic Transformation

Central Asian Heat Wave And Drought Creating Water Shortages, Crop Failures

Bruce Pannier, Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty RFE/RL, 24 June 24 June 2021

[accessed 24 June 2021]

The Drought -- For several months it has been obvious Central Asia was heading into a period of severe drought.

The massive Toktogul Reservoir in Kyrgyzstan is a bellwether for 2021 in Central Asia.

Already in March, officials in Kyrgyzstan were warning the level of water in the reservoir was alarmingly low -- 8.7 billion cubic meters (bcm) -- well below the capacity of 19.5 bcm.

The World Bank in Uzbekistan

[accessed 21 April 2021]

The global COVID-19 pandemic is the most severe crisis Uzbekistan has faced since the economy’s recovery from the breakup of the Soviet Union. It has adversely affected the domestic economy and resulted in declines in employment, well-being, and incomes.

Looking back a few years …

Advameg, Inc., Encyclopedia of the Nations

[accessed 12 January 2021]

Although characterized by one of the lowest per capita incomes in the Central Asian and other post-Soviet republics, Uzbekistan's rich reserves of gold, oil, natural gas, coal, silver, and copper provide a promising endowment for future development. As a major source of cotton for the textile industry in the former USSR and the world's third largest cotton producer, Uzbekistan has a predominantly agricultural economy. Agriculture and agroprocessing accounted for about half of GNP in 1996. In addition, much of the industrial production is linked to agriculture, including cotton harvesting equipment, textiles, and chemical fertilizers and pesticides.

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