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Poverty & Hunger

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In the early years of the 21st Century

Description: Description: Tanzania

CAUTION:  The following links and accompanying text have been culled from the web to illuminate the situation in Tanzania in the early years of the 21st Century.  Some of these links may lead to websites that present allegations that are unsubstantiated, misleading or even false.   No attempt has been made to validate their authenticity or to verify their content.



If you are looking for material to use in a term-paper, you are advised to scan the postings on this page and others to see which aspects of poverty are of particular interest to you.  You might be interested in exploring the relationship between distribution of labor and per-capita GDP, for example.  Perhaps your paper could focus on life expectancy or infant mortality.  Other factors of interest might be unemployment, literacy, access to basic services, etc.  On the other hand, you might choose to include some of the possible outgrowths of poverty such as Human Trafficking, Street Children, or even Prostitution.  There is a lot to the subject of Poverty.  Scan other countries as well as this one.  Draw comparisons between activity in adjacent countries and/or regions.  Meanwhile, check out some of the Term-Paper resources that are available on-line.


Check out some of the Resources for Teachers attached to this website.

*** ARCHIVES ***

The World Factbook - Tanzania

U.S. Central Intelligence Agency CIA

[accessed 17 November 2020]

World Factbook website has moved to --->

[accessed 11 January 2021]

The economy depends on agriculture, which accounts for slightly less than one-quarter of GDP and employs about 65% of the work force, although gold production in recent years has increased to about 35% of exports.

GDP - per capita (PPP): $3,200 (2017 est.)

Labor force - by occupation:

agriculture: 66.9%

industry: 6.4%

services: 26.6% (2014 est.)

Unemployment rate: 10.3% (2014 est.)

Population below poverty line: 22.8% (2015 est.)

Maternal mortality rate: 524 deaths/100,000 live births (2017 est.)

Infant mortality rate: total: 36.4 deaths/1,000 live births

Life expectancy at birth: total population: 63.9 years

Drinking water source: improved: total: 68.2% of population

Physicians density: 0.01 physicians/1,000 population (2016)

Sanitation facility access: improved: total: 46.9% of population

Electricity access: electrification - total population: 33% (2017)

The Borgen Project - Tanzania

[accessed 7 March 2021]

The Borgen Project works with U.S. leaders to utilize the United States’ platform behind efforts toward improving living conditions for the world’s poor.  It is an innovative, national campaign that is working to make poverty a focus of U.S. foreign policy.  It believes that leaders of the most powerful nation on earth should be doing more to address global poverty. From ending segregation to providing women with the right to vote, nearly every wrong ever righted in history was achieved through advocacy. The Borgen Project addresses the big picture, operating at the political level advancing policies and programs that improve living conditions for those living on less than $1 per day.

~ Finding Water Solutions In Tanzania

~ 5 Facts About The Causes Of Poverty In Tanzania

~ Sweden’s Foreign Aid

~ Poverty Eradication In Tanzania

~ 3 Ways Solar Energy Is Transforming Africa

~ An Assessment Of Child Poverty In Tanzania

~ Teaching Sanitation Practices In Tanzania With Project Shine

IFAD to fund catfish and tilapia hatcheries in Tanzania

The Fish Site, 12 May 2021

[accessed 12 May 2021]

Agriculture is key to defeating poverty and hunger. It accounts for 29 per cent of the country’s gross domestic product (GDP), employs 66.3 per cent of the population and meets 95 per cent of the country’s food requirements. Eighty per cent of the food produced comes from small-scale farmers who rely on rainfall and have limited access to inputs and information that could help them improve yields.

Through the project, 13,000 tonnes of quality certified seeds - maize, sunflower and pulses – will be distributed to farmers. Local extension services will help create awareness on improved seeds and facilitate market linkages with grain buyers and processors to avoid fake seeds in the market and improve uptake by farmers.

In Tanzania, farmers will continue to bear the brunt of climate change, with droughts and increased rainfall putting pressure on the ecosystem that they depend on. To help build their resilience, farmers will be able to access locally adapted seeds. Small-scale producers will be trained on environmentally friendly techniques and technologies for fishing and management of natural resources. Public-private-producer partnerships will be supported to engage those involved in deep-sea fishing and reduce post-harvest losses.

Action Against Hunger - Tanzania

[accessed 21 March 2021]

Undernutrition remains a major public health issue in Tanzania. In 2019, food insecurity in Tanzania was driven primarily by a prolonged dry spell, armyworm infestations, and erratic rainfall. About 25% of districts had vulnerable food insecurity pockets in 2019, compared to 5% in 2018. Nearly one million people in 16 districts, were estimated to be experiencing severe food insecurity.

More than 500,000 children across Tanzania suffer from acute malnutrition, of which more than 91,000 are severely wasted. This high burden, coupled with high anaemia (39.6%) and stunting rates (32%), predispose children under five to poor nutrition and health.

The World Bank in Tanzania

[accessed 21 April 2021]

The World Bank supports Tanzania’s growth through policy analysis, grants, and credits, with a focus on infrastructure and the private sector.

Looking back a few years …

Advameg, Inc., Encyclopedia of the Nations

[accessed 12 January 2021]

Tanzania in 2003 was receiving $3 billion over time in debt relief under the IMF/World Bank Heavily Indebted Poor Countries (HIPC) initiative, and the net present value of Tanzania's external debt was being reduced by 54%. The economy was improving, with the mining, tourism, agriculture, construction, telecommunications, and utilities sectors all showing potential for growth. Nonetheless, Tanzania's macroeconomic progress had not translated into better lives for its rural poor.

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