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Poverty & Hunger

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In the early years of the 21st Century

Description: Description: Spain

CAUTION:  The following links and accompanying text have been culled from the web to illuminate the situation in Spain in the early years of the 21st Century.  Some of these links may lead to websites that present allegations that are unsubstantiated, misleading or even false.   No attempt has been made to validate their authenticity or to verify their content.



If you are looking for material to use in a term-paper, you are advised to scan the postings on this page and others to see which aspects of poverty are of particular interest to you.  You might be interested in exploring the relationship between distribution of labor and per-capita GDP, for example.  Perhaps your paper could focus on life expectancy or infant mortality.  Other factors of interest might be unemployment, literacy, access to basic services, etc.  On the other hand, you might choose to include some of the possible outgrowths of poverty such as Human Trafficking, Street Children, or even Prostitution.  There is a lot to the subject of Poverty.  Scan other countries as well as this one.  Draw comparisons between activity in adjacent countries and/or regions.  Meanwhile, check out some of the Term-Paper resources that are available on-line.


Check out some of the Resources for Teachers attached to this website.

*** ARCHIVES ***

The World Factbook - Spain

U.S. Central Intelligence Agency CIA

[accessed 17 November 2020]

World Factbook website has moved to --->

[accessed 10 January 2021]

ECONOMIC OVERVIEW - emerged from a severe recession during 2008-2013, posting four straight years of GDP growth above the EU average

GDP - per capita (PPP): $38,400 (2017 est.)

Labor force - by occupation:

agriculture: 4.2%

industry: 24%

services: 71.7% (2009 est.)

Unemployment rate: 17.2% (2017 est.)

Population below poverty line: 21.1% (2012 est.)

Maternal mortality rate: 4 deaths/100,000 live births (2017 est.)

Infant mortality rate: total: 3.2 deaths/1,000 live births

Life expectancy at birth: total population: 82 years

Drinking water source: improved: total: 100% of population

Physicians density: 3.87 physicians/1,000 population (2017)

Sanitation facility access: improved: total: 100% of population

Electricity access: electrification - total population: 100% (2016)

The Borgen Project - Spain

[accessed 9 March 2021]

The Borgen Project works with U.S. leaders to utilize the United States’ platform behind efforts toward improving living conditions for the world’s poor.  It is an innovative, national campaign that is working to make poverty a focus of U.S. foreign policy.  It believes that leaders of the most powerful nation on earth should be doing more to address global poverty. From ending segregation to providing women with the right to vote, nearly every wrong ever righted in history was achieved through advocacy. The Borgen Project addresses the big picture, operating at the political level advancing policies and programs that improve living conditions for those living on less than $1 per day.

~ 3 Initiatives Addressing Hunger In Spain

~ Updates On SDG Goal 8 In Spain

~ Latin American Poverty In Spain: Causes & Information

~ Innovations In Poverty Eradication In Spain

~ 5 Facts About Healthcare In Spain

~ Hunger In Spain Amid Covid-19

~ How Covid-19 Affects Unemployment In Spain

~ 9 Facts About Homelessness In Spain

The World Bank in Spain

[accessed 21 April 2021]

Spain and the World Bank work with other member governments to finance projects, design policies, and deliver programs to end poverty in the developing world.

Looking back a few years …

Advameg, Inc., Encyclopedia of the Nations

[accessed 10 January 2021]

In order to offset the damage suffered by the industrial sector during the Civil War and to cope with the problems created by Spain's post-World War II isolation, the Franco regime concentrated its efforts on industrial expansion.

Unemployment fell to 18.7% in 1998 and then to 15.7% in 1999. Although still quite high, unemployment continued to fall—to 13.9% in 2000 and 10.5% in 2001—before registering an increase to 11.2% in 2002.

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