Main Menu
Street Children
Human Trafficking


Poverty & Hunger

Republic of

South Sudan

In the early years of the 21st Century


CAUTION:  The following links and accompanying text have been culled from the web to illuminate the situation in South Sudan in the early years of the 21st Century.  Some of these links may lead to websites that present allegations that are unsubstantiated, misleading or even false.   No attempt has been made to validate their authenticity or to verify their content.



If you are looking for material to use in a term-paper, you are advised to scan the postings on this page and others to see which aspects of poverty are of particular interest to you.  You might be interested in exploring the relationship between distribution of labor and per-capita GDP, for example.  Perhaps your paper could focus on life expectancy or infant mortality.  Other factors of interest might be unemployment, literacy, access to basic services, etc.  On the other hand, you might choose to include some of the possible outgrowths of poverty such as Human Trafficking, Street Children, or even Prostitution.  There is a lot to the subject of Poverty.  Scan other countries as well as this one.  Draw comparisons between activity in adjacent countries and/or regions.  Meanwhile, check out some of the Term-Paper resources that are available on-line.


Check out some of the Resources for Teachers attached to this website.

*** ARCHIVES ***

The World Factbook – South Sudan

U.S. Central Intelligence Agency CIA

[accessed 13 July 2021]

ECONOMIC OVERVIEW - industry and infrastructure severely underdeveloped and poverty widespread following several decades of conflict; instability disrupting what remains of the economy; vast majority of the population dependent on subsistence agriculture and humanitarian assistance; markets are not well-organized.

GDP - per capita (PPP): $1,600 (2017 est.)

Population below poverty line: 76.4% (2016 est.)

Maternal mortality rate: 1,150 deaths/100,000 live births (2017 est.)

Infant mortality rate: total: 64.8 deaths/1,000 live births

Life expectancy at birth: total population: 58.6 years

Drinking water source: improved: total: 74% of population

Sanitation facility access: improved: total: 54.1% of population

Electricity access: electrification - total population: 28.2% (2018)

The Borgen Project - Sudan

[accessed 13 July 2021]

The Borgen Project works with U.S. leaders to utilize the United States’ platform behind efforts toward improving living conditions for the world’s poor.  It is an innovative, national campaign that is working to make poverty a focus of U.S. foreign policy.  It believes that leaders of the most powerful nation on earth should be doing more to address global poverty. From ending segregation to providing women with the right to vote, nearly every wrong ever righted in history was achieved through advocacy. The Borgen Project addresses the big picture, operating at the political level advancing policies and programs that improve living conditions for those living on less than $1 per day.

~ The Impact Of COVID-19 On Poverty In South Sudan

~ The Equal Rights And Access For The Women Of South Sudan Act

~ Countries That Experienced Economic Growth In 2020

~ The Youngest Country Is Also One Of The Poorest

~ How SDG 3 In South Sudan Is Improving Healthcare

~ Efforts To Eradicate Trachoma In South Sudan

~ Transforming Education In South Sudan

~ Women’s Rights In South Sudan

~ Women Peacemakers In South Sudan

Conflict, climate change, and COVID-19 drive extreme hunger

Oxfam, 9 July 2021

[accessed 19 July 2021]

The effects of conflict, COVID-19, and climate change have intensified the global hunger crisis.

SOUTH SUDAN -- Jookdan Simon is one of the 7.2 million South Sudanese struggling to find enough food each day. The thirty-eight-year old mother of five has resorted to a trick to soothe her children when they cry from hunger. She sets an empty saucepan with a cover on the fireless stove and pretends to cook until the children fall asleep. By the time they wake up, they are ready for their only meal of the day, usually consisting of sorghum, Belila—corn boiled with oil and salt—and beans.

War and hunger scar world's newest country

Daily Monitor, 7 July 2021

[accessed 7 July 2021]

POVERTY AND LOCUSTS -- Four out of five of South Sudan's 11 million people live in "absolute poverty", according to the World Bank in 2018.

More than 60 percent of the population face severe hunger from the combined effects of war, drought and floods.

Adding to their woes, swarms of desert locusts have repeatedly plagued the country.

Such dire circumstance put South Sudan 185 out of 189 countries in the UN's Human Development Index.

ECONOMY IN RUINS -- Oil production -- from which South Sudan brought in 98 percent of its revenues at independence -- accounts for almost all of its exports and more than 40 per cent of GNP, according to the World Bank.

Hunger Hotspots - FAO-WFP early warnings on acute food insecurity - March to July 2021 outlook

Food and Agriculture Org of the UN FAO, World Food Program WFP, 2021

[accessed 30 May 2021]

COUNTRIES WITH CATASTROPHIC SITUATIONS: FAMINE-LIKE CONDITIONS OR FACTORS LEADING TO A RISK OF FAMINE -- Since the last warning, populations in some areas of South Sudan have slid into Catastrophe levels of acute food insecurity (IPC Phase 5). More specifically, in parts of Jonglei State of South Sudan, urgent at-scale action is now needed to stop likely widespread starvation and death, as well as a complete collapse of agricultural livelihood strategies and assets.

Famine was most likely happening already between October and November last year and is projected to continue through the next lean season (July 2021) in Gumuruk, Pibor, Lekuangole and Verteth administrative divisions (payams) of Pibor county, in Jonglei State.

The Sahel struggles with terror, poverty and climate change

The Arab Weekly, 18 March 2021

[accessed 18 March 2021]

Internal displacement had increased 20-fold in less than two years while the number of families facing hunger has tripled.

The United Nations warned in November of a heightened risk of famine in Burkina Faso, along with northeastern Nigeria and South Sudan and also of a high hunger risk in both Mali and Niger.

Problems have been exacerbated by the Covid-19 pandemic.


Action Against Hunger - South Sudan

[accessed 21 March 2021]

Today, 7.5 million people are in need of humanitarian assistance and nearly half of the country’s population – an estimated 5.5 million people – are expected to face severe food insecurity in 2020. Climate shocks, conflict, poor living conditions and public services, limited access to humanitarian aid and safe water, and inadequate hygiene practices are all key drivers of undernutrition.

Severe flooding in 2019 impacted livelihoods: reports indicate that 74,157 hectares of cultivated land was damaged and 72,611 metric tons grain were lost. The effects will be felt in 2020: large parts of the population are expected to face greater food deficits during upcoming lean seasons.

The World Bank in South Sudan

[accessed 21 April 2021]

The Republic of South Sudan became the world’s newest nation on July 9, 2011, and joined the World Bank Group as its newest member in Spring 2012.

All material used herein reproduced under the fair use exception of 17 USC § 107 for noncommercial, nonprofit, and educational use.  PLEASE RESPECT COPYRIGHTS OF COMPONENT ARTICLES.  Cite this webpage as: Prof. Martin Patt, "Poverty – South Sudan",, [accessed <date>]