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Poverty & Hunger


In the early years of the 21st Century

Description: Description: Somalia

CAUTION:  The following links and accompanying text have been culled from the web to illuminate the situation in Somalia in the early years of the 21st Century.  Some of these links may lead to websites that present allegations that are unsubstantiated, misleading or even false.   No attempt has been made to validate their authenticity or to verify their content.



If you are looking for material to use in a term-paper, you are advised to scan the postings on this page and others to see which aspects of poverty are of particular interest to you.  You might be interested in exploring the relationship between distribution of labor and per-capita GDP, for example.  Perhaps your paper could focus on life expectancy or infant mortality.  Other factors of interest might be unemployment, literacy, access to basic services, etc.  On the other hand, you might choose to include some of the possible outgrowths of poverty such as Human Trafficking, Street Children, or even Prostitution.  There is a lot to the subject of Poverty.  Scan other countries as well as this one.  Draw comparisons between activity in adjacent countries and/or regions.  Meanwhile, check out some of the Term-Paper resources that are available on-line.


Check out some of the Resources for Teachers attached to this website.

*** Extreme Weather ***

More than 29 million people in Ethiopia, Somalia, Kenya, Djibouti, Mauritania, and Niger continue to face unrelenting drought conditions. These prolonged dry spells pose significant challenges to agriculture, water availability, and food security.adapted from Microsoft BING Copilot

*** ARCHIVES ***

The World Factbook - Somalia

U.S. Central Intelligence Agency CIA

[accessed 17 November 2020]

World Factbook website has moved to --->

[accessed 10 January 2021]

ECONOMIC OVERVIEW - Despite the lack of effective national governance, Somalia maintains an informal economy largely based on livestock, remittance/money transfer companies, and telecommunications. Somalia's government lacks the ability to collect domestic revenue and external debt – mostly in arrears – was estimated at about 77% of GDP in 2017.

Agriculture is the most important sector, with livestock normally accounting for about 40% of GDP and more than 50% of export earnings. Nomads and semi-pastoralists, who are dependent upon livestock for their livelihood, make up a large portion of the population.

GDP - per capita (PPP): N/A (2017 est.)

Labor force - by occupation:

agriculture: 71%

industry: 29%

industry and services: 29% (2017 est.)

Unemployment rate: N/A

Population below poverty line: N/A

Maternal mortality rate: 82.9 deaths/100,000 live births (2017 est.)

Infant mortality rate: total: 89.5 deaths/1,000 live births

Life expectancy at birth: total population: 54 years

Drinking water source: improved: total: 83.8% of population

Physicians density: 0.02 physicians/1,000 population (2014)

Sanitation facility access: improved: total: 53.3% of population

Electricity access: electrification - total population: 17% (2016)

The Borgen Project - Somalia

[accessed 7 March 2021]

The Borgen Project works with U.S. leaders to utilize the United States’ platform behind efforts toward improving living conditions for the world’s poor.  It is an innovative, national campaign that is working to make poverty a focus of U.S. foreign policy.  It believes that leaders of the most powerful nation on earth should be doing more to address global poverty. From ending segregation to providing women with the right to vote, nearly every wrong ever righted in history was achieved through advocacy. The Borgen Project addresses the big picture, operating at the political level advancing policies and programs that improve living conditions for those living on less than $1 per day.

~ Locusts In Somalia Predicted To Worsen In 2021

~ Beco’s Solar Power: Bringing Cheaper, Cleaner Energy To Somalia

~ An Introduction To Women’s Rights In Somalia

~ Homelessness In Somalia

~ Innovations In Poverty Eradication In Somalia

Action Against Hunger - Somalia

[accessed 21 March 2021]

Gripped by recurring droughts, chronic food shortages, and over 20 years of nearly incessant conflict, Somalia is one of the most challenging environments in the world for humanitarian operations. Across the country, more than one million children under five - 1 in 10 - are acutely malnourished, of which 178,000 severely malnourished and 830,000 are moderately malnourished. Additionally, an estimated 832,000 pregnant women and breastfeeding mothers need nutrition assistance.

Malnutrition is driven by number of factors, including conflict, political instability, displacement, climate change, as well as limited access to healthcare and clean water, food insecurity, and poor hygiene and sanitation practices. Poor environmental conditions, limited access to water, and unsafe sanitation exacerbate the impact of food insecurity and drive increased levels of malnutrition and epidemics. Outbreaks of malaria, measles, diarrhea, cholera, and polio, combined with high malnutrition rates and limited access to services, lead to increased morbidity and mortality. Harsh conditions, violence, and displacement subject the population to psychological distress, resulting in social and mental health issues.

The World Bank in Somalia

[accessed 21 April 2021]

The World Bank supports government institutions in Somalia to promote good governance, accelerate economic recovery and create jobs.

Looking back a few years …

Advameg, Inc., Encyclopedia of the Nations

[accessed 10 January 2021]

Somalia's economy, one of the poorest in the world, is an agricultural one based primarily on livestock and, to a lesser extent, on farming.

Since 1990, the economy has been a shambles, the consequence of drought and of protracted civil strife which has left the country without central authority. By early 1992, virtually all trade, industrial and agricultural activities had stopped, large numbers of people were forced from their homes, and more than six million people were at risk of starvation.

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