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Poverty & Hunger

Kingdom of

Saudi Arabia

In the early years of the 21st Century

Description: Description: Description: Description: SaudiArabia

CAUTION:  The following links and accompanying text have been culled from the web to illuminate the situation in Saudi Arabia in the early years of the 21st Century.  Some of these links may lead to websites that present allegations that are unsubstantiated, misleading or even false.   No attempt has been made to validate their authenticity or to verify their content.



If you are looking for material to use in a term-paper, you are advised to scan the postings on this page and others to see which aspects of poverty are of particular interest to you.  You might be interested in exploring the relationship between distribution of labor and per-capita GDP, for example.  Perhaps your paper could focus on life expectancy or infant mortality.  Other factors of interest might be unemployment, literacy, access to basic services, etc.  On the other hand, you might choose to include some of the possible outgrowths of poverty such as Human Trafficking, Street Children, or even Prostitution.  There is a lot to the subject of Poverty.  Scan other countries as well as this one.  Draw comparisons between activity in adjacent countries and/or regions.  Meanwhile, check out some of the Term-Paper resources that are available on-line.


Check out some of the Resources for Teachers attached to this website.

*** ARCHIVES ***

The World Factbook – Saudi Arabia

U.S. Central Intelligence Agency CIA

[accessed 17 November 2020]

World Factbook website has moved to --->

[accessed 9 January 2021]

ECONOMIC OVERVIEW - Saudi Arabia has an oil-based economy with strong government controls over major economic activities. It has about 16% of the world's proven petroleum reserves.

GDP - per capita (PPP): $54,500 (2017 est.)

Labor force - by occupation:

agriculture: 6.7%

industry: 21.4%

services: 71.9% (2005 est.)

Unemployment rate: 6% (2017 est.)

Population below poverty line: N/A

Maternal mortality rate: 17 deaths/100,000 live births (2017 est.)

Infant mortality rate: total: 11.3 deaths/1,000 live births

Life expectancy at birth: total population: 76.2 years

Drinking water source: improved: total: 100% of population

Physicians density: 2.54 physicians/1,000 population (2017)

Sanitation facility access: improved: total: 100% of population

Electricity access: electrification - total population: 99% (2016)

The Borgen Project – Saudi Arabia

[accessed 3 March 2021]

The Borgen Project works with U.S. leaders to utilize the United States’ platform behind efforts toward improving living conditions for the world’s poor.  It is an innovative, national campaign that is working to make poverty a focus of U.S. foreign policy.  It believes that leaders of the most powerful nation on earth should be doing more to address global poverty. From ending segregation to providing women with the right to vote, nearly every wrong ever righted in history was achieved through advocacy. The Borgen Project addresses the big picture, operating at the political level advancing policies and programs that improve living conditions for those living on less than $1 per day.

~ Privatizing Healthcare In Saudi Arabia

~ Updates On SDG Goal 5 In Saudi Arabia

~ Women’s Rights In Saudi Arabia

~ Evolution Of Women’s Rights In Saudi Arabia

~ Examining Hunger In Saudi Arabia

~ The Process Of Improving Farming In Saudi Arabia

Looking back a few years …

Advameg, Inc., Encyclopedia of the Nations

[accessed 9 January 2021]

The economy is heavily dependent on oil production, which provided over 90% of export value and 75% of government revenues in 2001. The country has the largest reserves of petroleum in the world

The government has always made economic diversification a top priority, seeking to develop industries using petroleum, such as petrochemicals, as well as to finance industrialization. By 1989 the massive Jubail and Yanbu'al-Bahr industrial complexes, combining petrochemicals and steel production had been largely completed.

There are, however, mounting pressures for economic reform, including falling per capita income, attendant social frustrations, the emergence of government deficits and a sizeable, though still manageable, external debt.

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