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In the early years of the 21st Century

Description: Description: Peru

CAUTION:  The following links and accompanying text have been culled from the web to illuminate the situation in Peru in the early years of the 21st Century.  Some of these links may lead to websites that present allegations that are unsubstantiated, misleading or even false.   No attempt has been made to validate their authenticity or to verify their content.



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*** Extreme Weather ***

Peru observes torrential, flooding rains during El Niño events when tropical Pacific ocean waters off the coast are above-average in temperature. Average annual temperatures have increased by 1°C (1.8°F) from 1960 until 2016 and predictions indicate an additional rise of 2 to 3°C (3.6 to 5.4°F) by 2065. Projections suggest a 50 cm (20 in) rise in sea level by 2100, and droughts and floods are anticipated to become more frequent. – adapted from Microsoft BING Copilot

*** ARCHIVES ***

The World Factbook - Peru

U.S. Central Intelligence Agency CIA

[accessed 16 November 2020]

World Factbook website has moved to --->

[accessed 7 January 2021]

ECONOMIC OVERVIEW - Peru's economy reflects its varied topography - an arid lowland coastal region, the central high sierra of the Andes, and the dense rain forest of the Amazon; a wide range of important mineral resources, including silver and copper, found in the mountainous regions and coastal waters provide excellent fishing grounds

GDP - per capita (PPP): $13,500 (2017 est.)

Labor force - by occupation:

    agriculture: 25.8%

    industry: 17.4%

    services: 56.8% (2017 est.)

Unemployment rate: 6.9% (2017 est.)

Population below poverty line: 22.7% (2014 est.)

Maternal mortality rate: 88 deaths/100,000 live births (2017 est.)

Infant mortality rate: total: 16.7 deaths/1,000 live births

Life expectancy at birth: total population: 74.7 years

Drinking water source: improved: total: 92.1% of population

Physicians density: 1.3 physicians/1,000 population (2016)

Sanitation facility access: improved: total: 85.2% of population

Electricity access: electrification - total population: 95% (2017)

The Borgen Project - Peru

[accessed 28 February 2021]

The Borgen Project works with U.S. leaders to utilize the United States’ platform behind efforts toward improving living conditions for the world’s poor.  It is an innovative, national campaign that is working to make poverty a focus of U.S. foreign policy.  It believes that leaders of the most powerful nation on earth should be doing more to address global poverty. From ending segregation to providing women with the right to vote, nearly every wrong ever righted in history was achieved through advocacy. The Borgen Project addresses the big picture, operating at the political level advancing policies and programs that improve living conditions for those living on less than $1 per day.

~ 5 Ways Quinoa Supports Farmers In Peru

~ How The Wawa Laptop Project Is Helping Peru’s Remote Education

~ Combating Covid-19 In Peru: Integrating Traditional Medicine

~ Adapting To Food Insecurity In The Andes

~ What To Know About Maternal Health In Peru

~ Indigenous Women’s Rights In Peru

~ Peru’s National Coffee Action Plan Improves Lives

~ Ngo Fights Water Shortage In Peru

Action Against Hunger - Peru

[accessed 21 March 2021]

Peru has experienced significant economic growth over the past decade, but the gap between rich and the poor has not diminished. The country has laudably reduced child malnutrition rates, but undernutrition remains a problem in the rural Andean regions where some 40% of families live in extreme poverty, over 30% of all children under five are chronically malnourished, and six in ten children are anemic and in need of iron supplements.

In 2019, Peru’s social, political and economic context was highly unstable. Economic growth was reduced to less than 3 percent, and hunger has grown, now affecting 9.7 percent of the population. Peru also has received a constant flow of migrants from Venezuela, which is starting to generate xenophobic reactions.

The World Bank in Peru

[accessed 21 April 2021]

Following a robust expansion during the previous decade, the Peruvian economy grew at a slower pace between 2014 and 2019, in a less favorable external context. In 2020, the COVID-19 crisis will have a significant economic impact although a strong recovery is expected for the following year.

Looking back a few years …

Advameg, Inc., Encyclopedia of the Nations

[accessed 7 January 2021]

Since 1990 and the Fujimori regime, the government has pursued a bold reform agenda. It has strengthened the authority of the state throughout the country, defeating terrorism and fighting drug trafficking.

Since the reform program, Peru has enjoyed macroeconomic success, but the reforms have done little to alleviate poverty. Between 1993 and 1996, Peru's economy grew by 32%, in part due to the privatization of state companies; but thousands of Peruvians lost their jobs as a result.

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