Main Menu
Street Children
Human Trafficking


Poverty & Hunger

United Mexican States


In the early years of the 21st Century


Description: Description: Description: Mexico

CAUTION:  The following links and accompanying text have been culled from the web to illuminate the situation in Mexico in the early years of the 21st Century.  Some of these links may lead to websites that present allegations that are unsubstantiated, misleading or even false.   No attempt has been made to validate their authenticity or to verify their content.



If you are looking for material to use in a term-paper, you are advised to scan the postings on this page and others to see which aspects of poverty are of particular interest to you.  You might be interested in exploring the relationship between distribution of labor and per-capita GDP, for example.  Perhaps your paper could focus on life expectancy or infant mortality.  Other factors of interest might be unemployment, literacy, access to basic services, etc.  On the other hand, you might choose to include some of the possible outgrowths of poverty such as Human Trafficking, Street Children, or even Prostitution.  There is a lot to the subject of Poverty.  Scan other countries as well as this one.  Draw comparisons between activity in adjacent countries and/or regions.  Meanwhile, check out some of the Term-Paper resources that are available on-line.


Check out some of the Resources for Teachers attached to this website.

*** Extreme Weather ***

Mexico experiences a wide range of extreme weather conditions due to its diverse geography and climate. Mexico is no stranger to scorching temperatures. During the summer, average maximum temperatures can range from 30°C to 45°C (86°F to 113°F). Recently, a record-breaking maximum temperature of 49°C (120°F) was reported in the northwestern state of Sonora, leading to a devastating heatwave that claimed over 100 lives.

Being located between two oceans, Mexico faces the threat of tropical cyclones. These powerful storms bring heavy rainfall, strong winds, and storm surges, causing flooding and damage to coastal areas. In some regions, especially at higher altitudes, frost events can occur during the colder months. These can impact agriculture and sensitive vegetation.

Intense rainfall events, often associated with tropical storms or localized thunderstorms, can lead to flash floods. The risk is particularly high in areas with steep terrain or poor drainage systems. Finally, Mexico experiences both heavy rainfall and prolonged droughts. Climate change can exacerbate extreme precipitation events, leading to increased flooding risks. – adapted from Microsoft BING Copilot

*** ARCHIVES ***

The World Factbook - Mexico

U.S. Central Intelligence Agency CIA

[accessed 3 January 2020]

World Factbook website has moved to --->

[accessed 6 January 2021]

Since 2013, Mexico’s economic growth has averaged 2% annually, falling short of private-sector expectations that President PENA NIETO’s sweeping reforms would bolster economic prospects. Growth is predicted to remain below potential given falling oil production, weak oil prices, structural issues such as low productivity, high inequality, a large informal sector employing over half of the workforce, weak rule of law, and corruption.

GDP - per capita (PPP): $19,900 (2017 est.)

Labor force - by occupation:

agriculture: 13.4%

industry: 24.1%

services: 61.9% (2011 est.)

Unemployment rate: 3.4% (2017 est.)

Population below poverty line: 46.2% (2014 est.)

Maternal mortality rate: 33 deaths/100,000 live births (2017 est.)

Infant mortality rate: total: 10.7 deaths/1,000 live births

Life expectancy at birth: total population: 76.7 years

Drinking water source: improved: total: 100% of population

Physicians density: 2.38 physicians/1,000 population (2017)

Sanitation facility access: improved: total: 97.8% of population

Electricity access: electrification - total population: 100% (2016)

The Borgen Project - Mexico

[accessed 21 February 2021]

The Borgen Project works with U.S. leaders to utilize the United States’ platform behind efforts toward improving living conditions for the world’s poor.  It is an innovative, national campaign that is working to make poverty a focus of U.S. foreign policy.  It believes that leaders of the most powerful nation on earth should be doing more to address global poverty. From ending segregation to providing women with the right to vote, nearly every wrong ever righted in history was achieved through advocacy. The Borgen Project addresses the big picture, operating at the political level advancing policies and programs that improve living conditions for those living on less than $1 per day.

~ Poverty And Slow Fashion In Mexico

~ How Mexican Avocados Are Reducing Poverty

~ Khadi Oaxaca: The Future Of The Garment Industry

~ Douglaprieta Works: A Self-Sufficiency Co-Op

Uninhabitable: Central America’s Northern Triangle And Beyond

Larry J. Schweiger, Pittsburgh Current, 19 March 2021

[accessed 20 March 2021]

Just as the Irish did during the potato famine, Central American parents are doing the hard thing out of fear. Facing systemic corruption, hopelessly struggling in an increasingly hostile climate with deadly gangs, these parents are sending offspring on a dangerous journey to America. Homeland Security Secretary Alejandro N. Mayorkas summarized conditions: “Poverty, high levels of violence, and corruption in Mexico and the Northern Triangle countries have propelled migration to our southwest border for years. The adverse conditions have continued to deteriorate. Two damaging hurricanes that hit Honduras and swept through the region made the living conditions there even worse, causing more children and families to flee.

Nothern Triangle

The World Bank in Mexico

[accessed 21 April 2021]

Mexico is the second largest economy in Latin America. The World Bank Group engagement with the country is structured around a model that provides development solutions adapted to the country, with an integral package of financial, knowledge and convening services.

Looking back a few years …

Advameg, Inc., Encyclopedia of the Nations

[accessed 3 January 2020]

Mexico is self-sufficient in most fruits and vegetables and in beans, rice, and sugar, and it is approaching self-sufficiency in meat and dairy products. Marginal subsistence, however, is still the lot of much of Mexico's rural population. In 2001, the CIA estimated that 40% of the population were living below the poverty line, an improvement on over 50% in the early 1980s, but because of population growth this constitutes an increase in absolute numbers. Further, the government of Mexico's estimate for 2002 is that 54% of the population is lacking security in basic necessities.

All material used herein reproduced under the fair use exception of 17 USC § 107 for noncommercial, nonprofit, and educational use.  PLEASE RESPECT COPYRIGHTS OF COMPONENT ARTICLES.  Cite this webpage as: Prof. Martin Patt, "Poverty - Mexico",, [accessed <date>]