Main Menu
Street Children
Human Trafficking


Poverty & Hunger

Republic of

North Macedonia

In the early years of the 21st Century

Description: Description: Macedonia

CAUTION:  The following links and accompanying text have been culled from the web to illuminate the situation in Macedonia in the early years of the 21st Century.  Some of these links may lead to websites that present allegations that are unsubstantiated, misleading or even false.   No attempt has been made to validate their authenticity or to verify their content.



If you are looking for material to use in a term-paper, you are advised to scan the postings on this page and others to see which aspects of poverty are of particular interest to you.  You might be interested in exploring the relationship between distribution of labor and per-capita GDP, for example.  Perhaps your paper could focus on life expectancy or infant mortality.  Other factors of interest might be unemployment, literacy, access to basic services, etc.  On the other hand, you might choose to include some of the possible outgrowths of poverty such as Human Trafficking, Street Children, or even Prostitution.  There is a lot to the subject of Poverty.  Scan other countries as well as this one.  Draw comparisons between activity in adjacent countries and/or regions.  Meanwhile, check out some of the Term-Paper resources that are available on-line.


Check out some of the Resources for Teachers attached to this website.

*** Extreme Weather ***

More than 18 wildfires were raging in various parts of North Macedonia, especially in the eastern region bordering Bulgaria. The situation was critical, and evacuations had begun. – adapted from Microsoft BING Copilot

*** ARCHIVES ***

The World Factbook – North Macedonia

U.S. Central Intelligence Agency CIA

[accessed 3 January 2020]

World Factbook website has moved to --->

[accessed 6 January 2021]

Macedonia’s economy is closely linked to Europe as a customer for exports and source of investment, and has suffered as a result of prolonged weakness in the euro zone. Unemployment has remained consistently high at about 23% but may be overstated based on the existence of an extensive gray market, estimated to be between 20% and 45% of GDP, which is not captured by official statistics.

GDP - per capita (PPP): $14,900 (2017 est.)

Labor force - by occupation:

agriculture: 16.2%

industry: 29.2%

services: 54.5% (2017 est.)

Unemployment rate: 22.4% (2017 est.)

Population below poverty line: 21.5% (2015 est.)

Maternal mortality rate: 7 deaths/100,000 live births (2017 est.)

Infant mortality rate: total: 7.4 deaths/1,000 live births

Life expectancy at birth: total population: 76.3 years

Drinking water source: improved: total: 99.4% of population

Physicians density: 2.87 physicians/1,000 population (2015)

Sanitation facility access: improved: total: 100% of population

Electricity access: electrification - total population: 100% (2016)

The Borgen Project – North Macedonia

[accessed 16 February 2021]

The Borgen Project works with U.S. leaders to utilize the United States’ platform behind efforts toward improving living conditions for the world’s poor.  It is an innovative, national campaign that is working to make poverty a focus of U.S. foreign policy.  It believes that leaders of the most powerful nation on earth should be doing more to address global poverty. From ending segregation to providing women with the right to vote, nearly every wrong ever righted in history was achieved through advocacy. The Borgen Project addresses the big picture, operating at the political level advancing policies and programs that improve living conditions for those living on less than $1 per day.

~ Tackling Macedonia’s Housing Crisis

~ Improving Healthcare In Macedonia

~ How Food Waste In Macedonia Is Solving Hunger

~ 4 Efforts To Alleviate Child Poverty In North Macedonia

~ 10 Facts About Girls’ Education In Macedonia

~ 10 Facts About Life Expectancy In Macedonia

~ Top 10 Facts About Living Conditions In Macedonia

The World Bank in North Macedonia

[accessed 21 April 2021]

The Republic of North Macedonia is an upper middle-income country that has made great strides in reforming its economy over the last decade. More efforts are still needed to generate economic growth and improve living standards for all.

Looking back a few years …

Advameg, Inc., Encyclopedia of the Nations

[accessed 3 January 2020]

Although the poorest of the six former Yugoslav republics, Macedonia nevertheless can sustain itself in food and energy needs using its own agricultural and coal resources. Due to the scarcity of arable land in the Vardar River Valley and other valleys in the west, expatriate employment in Serbia and Germany has become more common.

Unemployment remains a serious problem. The official estimate for 2002 was almost 32%,with some 70% of 15-24 year olds without work. In 2001,agriculture accounted for about 10% of GDP; industry, 32%; and services, 58%.

All material used herein reproduced under the fair use exception of 17 USC § 107 for noncommercial, nonprofit, and educational use.  PLEASE RESPECT COPYRIGHTS OF COMPONENT ARTICLES.  Cite this webpage as: Prof. Martin Patt, "Poverty - Macedonia",, [accessed <date>]