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Kyrgyz Republic


Early in the 21st Century


Description: Description: Kyrgyzstan

CAUTION:  The following links and accompanying text have been culled from the web to illuminate the situation in Kyrgyzstan in the early years of the 21st Century.  Some of these links may lead to websites that present allegations that are unsubstantiated, misleading or even false.   No attempt has been made to validate their authenticity or to verify their content.



If you are looking for material to use in a term-paper, you are advised to scan the postings on this page and others to see which aspects of poverty are of particular interest to you.  You might be interested in exploring the relationship between distribution of labor and per-capita GDP, for example.  Perhaps your paper could focus on life expectancy or infant mortality.  Other factors of interest might be unemployment, literacy, access to basic services, etc.  On the other hand, you might choose to include some of the possible outgrowths of poverty such as Human Trafficking, Street Children, or even Prostitution.  There is a lot to the subject of Poverty.  Scan other countries as well as this one.  Draw comparisons between activity in adjacent countries and/or regions.  Meanwhile, check out some of the Term-Paper resources that are available on-line.


Check out some of the Resources for Teachers attached to this website.

*** Extreme Weather ***

In the Kyrgyz Republic, extreme weather events are becoming more frequent and intense due to increasing temperatures. Droughts are a common occurrence in the country, affecting water availability and agricultural productivity. In addition, the changing climate leads to erratic weather patterns, making it challenging for farmers and communities to plan effectively. The average temperature in the region has risen from 4.8°C to 6°C over the past 20 years.

Natural Disasters: The Kyrgyz Republic experiences an increasing number of natural disasters, including landslides, mudflows, and avalanches. Also, the threat of glacier melting is significant, impacting freshwater availability and contributing to rising water levels in rivers and lakes.   adapted from Microsoft BING Copilot

*** ARCHIVES ***

The World Factbook – Kyrgyzstan

U.S. Central Intelligence Agency CIA

[accessed 31 December 2020]

World Factbook website has moved to --->

[accessed 5 January 2021]

Large-scale trade and investment pledged by Kyrgyz leaders has been slow to develop. Many Kyrgyz entrepreneurs and politicians complain that non-tariff measures imposed by other EAEU member states are hurting certain sectors of the Kyrgyz economy, such as meat and dairy production, in which they have comparative advantage. Since acceding to the EAEU, the Kyrgyz Republic has continued harmonizing its laws and regulations to meet EAEU standards, though many local entrepreneurs believe this process as disjointed and incomplete. Kyrgyzstan’s economic development continues to be hampered by corruption, lack of administrative transparency, lack of diversity in domestic industries, and difficulty attracting foreign aid and investment.

GDP - per capita (PPP): $3,700 (2017 est.)

Labor force - by occupation:

agriculture: 48%

industry: 12.5%

services: 39.5% (2005 est.)

Unemployment rate: 7.1% (2017 est.)

Population below poverty line: 32.1% (2015 est.)

Maternal mortality rate: 60 deaths/100,000 live births (2017 est.)

Infant mortality rate: total: 23.3 deaths/1,000 live births

Life expectancy at birth: total population: 71.8 years

Drinking water source: improved: total: 89.3% of population

Physicians density: 2.21 physicians/1,000 population (2014)

Sanitation facility access: improved: total: 99.3% of population

Electricity access: electrification - total population: 100% (2016)

The Borgen Project – Kyrgyzstan

[accessed 11 February 2021]

The Borgen Project works with U.S. leaders to utilize the United States’ platform behind efforts toward improving living conditions for the world’s poor.  It is an innovative, national campaign that is working to make poverty a focus of U.S. foreign policy.  It believes that leaders of the most powerful nation on earth should be doing more to address global poverty. From ending segregation to providing women with the right to vote, nearly every wrong ever righted in history was achieved through advocacy. The Borgen Project addresses the big picture, operating at the political level advancing policies and programs that improve living conditions for those living on less than $1 per day.

~ Healthcare Improvements In Kyrgyzstan

~ Reducing Child Poverty In Kyrgyzstan

~ Hydroelectric Power In Kyrgyzstan

~ Why Is Kyrgyzstan Poor?

~ Eight Facts About Water Quality In Kyrgyzstan

~ Combating Hunger In Kyrgyzstan In The Classroom

~ Current Education In Kyrgyzstan

~ 5 Facts About Education In Kyrgyzstan

~ Poverty In Kyrgyzstan

Central Asian Heat Wave And Drought Creating Water Shortages, Crop Failures

Bruce Pannier, Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty RFE/RL, 24 June 24 June 2021

[accessed 24 June 2021]

The Drought -- For several months it has been obvious Central Asia was heading into a period of severe drought.

The massive Toktogul Reservoir in Kyrgyzstan is a bellwether for 2021 in Central Asia.

Already in March, officials in Kyrgyzstan were warning the level of water in the reservoir was alarmingly low -- 8.7 billion cubic meters (bcm) -- well below the capacity of 19.5 bcm.

Many parents hope for the government to solve their problem with children

Aizada Kutueva, 24.Kg News Agency, 28/10-2010

[accessed Oct. 29, 2010]

There are many parents trying to solve their problems by giving children in the care of the state,” Aleksey Petrushevsky, the Head of the Rehabilitation Centre for street children, said at a news conference on 28 October.   According to him, the authority of the family falls down. “As a result, more and more children had to live in closed institutions that badly affect their development.”

The World Bank in the Kyrgyz Republic

[accessed 21 April 2021]

GDP growth in the Kyrgyz Republic is forecast to recover in 2021, assuming that domestic economic activity picks up and external trade resumes, as the pandemic wanes, political stability is maintained, and external demand recovers.

Looking back a few years …

Advameg, Inc., Encyclopedia of the Nations

[accessed 31 December 2020]

Under the presidency of Askar Akayev, the process for economic restructuring toward a free market orientation outpaced that of most other post-Soviet republics, yet the transition has been an extremely difficult one. Dissolution of the state ordering system in Kyrgyzstan and its reduction in other post-Soviet republics have disrupted the traditional supply channels and effective markets for the country's industries, severely affecting overall economic performance.

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