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In the early years of the 21st Century

Description: Description: Israel

CAUTION:  The following links and accompanying text have been culled from the web to illuminate the situation in Israel in the early years of the 21st Century.  Some of these links may lead to websites that present allegations that are unsubstantiated, misleading or even false.   No attempt has been made to validate their authenticity or to verify their content.



If you are looking for material to use in a term-paper, you are advised to scan the postings on this page and others to see which aspects of poverty are of particular interest to you.  You might be interested in exploring the relationship between distribution of labor and per-capita GDP, for example.  Perhaps your paper could focus on life expectancy or infant mortality.  Other factors of interest might be unemployment, literacy, access to basic services, etc.  On the other hand, you might choose to include some of the possible outgrowths of poverty such as Human Trafficking, Street Children, or even Prostitution.  There is a lot to the subject of Poverty.  Scan other countries as well as this one.  Draw comparisons between activity in adjacent countries and/or regions.  Meanwhile, check out some of the Term-Paper resources that are available on-line.


Check out some of the Resources for Teachers attached to this website.

*** Extreme Weather ***

An extreme heatwave has hit Israel, and it is expected to persist in the coming days. Most parts of the country will experience temperatures ranging from 91-96°F (about 33-36°C). Additionally, there have been consistent rainy conditions throughout Israel, which haven’t been seen for over 30 years. Since January 22, most areas of the country have witnessed wet weather on most days. – adapted from Microsoft BING Copilot

*** ARCHIVES ***

The World Factbook - Israel

U.S. Central Intelligence Agency CIA

[accessed 29 December 2020]

World Factbook website has moved to --->

[accessed 5 January 2021]

Income inequality and high housing and commodity prices continue to be a concern for many Israelis. Israel's income inequality and poverty rates are among the highest of OECD countries, and there is a broad perception among the public that a small number of "tycoons" have a cartel-like grip over the major parts of the economy. Government officials have called for reforms to boost the housing supply and to increase competition in the banking sector to address these public grievances. Despite calls for reforms, the restricted housing supply continues to impact younger Israelis seeking to purchase homes. Tariffs and non-tariff barriers, coupled with guaranteed prices and customs tariffs for farmers kept food prices high in 2016. Private consumption is expected to drive growth through 2018, with consumers benefitting from low inflation and a strong currency.

GDP - per capita (PPP): $36,400 (2017 est.)

Labor force - by occupation:

agriculture: 1.1%

industry: 17.3%

services: 81.6% (2015 est.)

Unemployment rate: 4.2% (2017 est.)

Population below poverty line: 22% (2014 est.)

Maternal mortality rate: 3 deaths/100,000 live births (2017 est.)

Infant mortality rate: total: 3.3 deaths/1,000 live births

Life expectancy at birth: total population: 83 years

Drinking water source: improved: total: 100% of population

Physicians density: 3.48 physicians/1,000 population (2017)

Sanitation facility access: improved: total: 100% of population

Electricity access: electrification - total population: 100% (2016)

The Borgen Project - Israel

[accessed 7 February 2021]

The Borgen Project works with U.S. leaders to utilize the United States’ platform behind efforts toward improving living conditions for the world’s poor.  It is an innovative, national campaign that is working to make poverty a focus of U.S. foreign policy.  It believes that leaders of the most powerful nation on earth should be doing more to address global poverty. From ending segregation to providing women with the right to vote, nearly every wrong ever righted in history was achieved through advocacy. The Borgen Project addresses the big picture, operating at the political level advancing policies and programs that improve living conditions for those living on less than $1 per day.

~ Innovations Reducing Poverty In Israel

~ Empowering Women In Israel Through Na’amat

~ Latet Helps Reduce Child Poverty In Israel

~ Homelessness In Israel

~ Efforts To Reduce Poverty In Israel

~ Tzedakah 101: The Jewish Law Of Philanthropy

Holocaust survivors live in mold and poverty with no money for cancer drugs

Hadar Gil-Ad,, 10 January 2021

[accessed 10 January 2021]

Victor Urahi fled the Nazis in Belarus as a child with his mother and sister; 30 years after arriving in the Jewish state, he and wife Ella are struggling to pay their bills and buy food - and advanced medication is far out of reach.

"We are both musicians," Ella says with a smile. "But when we came to Israel, I started working in a beauty salon and Victor began tuning pianos."

For decades the couple worked hard to support their family and never imagined that they would find themselves in an endless fight for survival as they entered their golden years.

Looking back a few years

Advameg, Inc., Encyclopedia of the Nations

[accessed 29 December 2020]

Since independence, Israel's economy has been faced with serious problems. The government makes large outlays for social welfare purposes, but is obliged to divert a considerable portion of its income to defense. In addition, traditional Middle Eastern sources of supply (e.g., of oil and wheat) and nearby markets for goods and services have been closed off. Israel must export on a large scale to maintain its relatively high standard of living; hence, it remains dependent on a continuing flow of investment capital and of private and public assistance from abroad.

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