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In the early years of the 21st Century

Description: Description: Description: Ireland

CAUTION:  The following links and accompanying text have been culled from the web to illuminate the situation in Ireland in the early years of the 21st Century.  Some of these links may lead to websites that present allegations that are unsubstantiated, misleading or even false.   No attempt has been made to validate their authenticity or to verify their content.



If you are looking for material to use in a term-paper, you are advised to scan the postings on this page and others to see which aspects of poverty are of particular interest to you.  You might be interested in exploring the relationship between distribution of labor and per-capita GDP, for example.  Perhaps your paper could focus on life expectancy or infant mortality.  Other factors of interest might be unemployment, literacy, access to basic services, etc.  On the other hand, you might choose to include some of the possible outgrowths of poverty such as Human Trafficking, Street Children, or even Prostitution.  There is a lot to the subject of Poverty.  Scan other countries as well as this one.  Draw comparisons between activity in adjacent countries and/or regions.  Meanwhile, check out some of the Term-Paper resources that are available on-line.


Check out some of the Resources for Teachers attached to this website.

*** Extreme Weather ***

Northern Ireland recently experienced an amber warning for extreme heat, which lasted from Wednesday until the end of Friday. It came close to surpassing the hottest day ever recorded in the region. Met Éireann predicts more frequent and extreme weather events, including higher temperatures and thunderstorms, due to climate change. June 2023 was the hottest June on record in Ireland, breaking an 83-year-old temperature record. – adapted from Microsoft BING Copilot

*** ARCHIVES ***

The World Factbook - Ireland

U.S. Central Intelligence Agency CIA

[accessed 29 December 2020]

World Factbook website has moved to --->

[accessed 5 January 2021]

Ireland is a small, modern, trade-dependent economy. It was among the initial group of 12 EU nations that began circulating the euro on 1 January 2002. GDP growth averaged 6% in 1995-2007, but economic activity dropped sharply during the world financial crisis and the subsequent collapse of its domestic property market and construction industry during 2008-11. Faced with sharply reduced revenues and a burgeoning budget deficit from efforts to stabilize its fragile banking sector, the Irish Government introduced the first in a series of draconian budgets in 2009. These measures were not sufficient to stabilize Ireland’s public finances. In 2010, the budget deficit reached 32.4% of GDP - the world's largest deficit, as a percentage of GDP. In late 2010, the former COWEN government agreed to a $92 billion loan package from the EU and IMF to help Dublin recapitalize Ireland’s banking sector and avoid defaulting on its sovereign debt. In March 2011, the KENNY government intensified austerity measures to meet the deficit targets under Ireland's EU-IMF bailout program.

GDP - per capita (PPP): $73,200 (2017 est.)

Labor force - by occupation:

agriculture: 5%

industry: 11%

services: 84% (2011 est.)

Unemployment rate: 6.7% (2017 est.)

Population below poverty line: 8.2% (2013 est.)

Maternal mortality rate: 5 deaths/100,000 live births (2017 est.)

Infant mortality rate: total: 3.6 deaths/1,000 live births

Life expectancy at birth: total population: 81.2 years

Drinking water source: improved: total: 97.4% of population

Physicians density: 3.29 physicians/1,000 population (2017)

Sanitation facility access: improved: total: 98.2% of population

Electricity access: electrification - total population: 100% (2016)

The Borgen Project - Ireland

[accessed 7 February 2021]

The Borgen Project works with U.S. leaders to utilize the United States’ platform behind efforts toward improving living conditions for the world’s poor.  It is an innovative, national campaign that is working to make poverty a focus of U.S. foreign policy.  It believes that leaders of the most powerful nation on earth should be doing more to address global poverty. From ending segregation to providing women with the right to vote, nearly every wrong ever righted in history was achieved through advocacy. The Borgen Project addresses the big picture, operating at the political level advancing policies and programs that improve living conditions for those living on less than $1 per day.

~ 5 Facts About Homelessness In Ireland

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~ The History Of Poverty In Ireland

Women ‘left in poverty’ due to welfare system built around ‘male breadwinner’

Jack Power, The Irish Times, 5 Dec 2020

[Long URL]

[accessed 6 December 2020]

The setup of Ireland’s tax and social welfare systems around the concept of the “male breadwinner” was more likely to leave women in poverty when they became pensioners, the Citizens’ Assembly has heard.

“In the vast majority of cases the man was the breadwinner and had a stay-at-home wife, who had no independent income and whose years of family care were never economically valued,” she said.

A woman in this situation “may end up a very poor pensioner at the end of her lifetime of working and caring, particularly if she is separated, divorced or widowed,” Ms Day said.

Looking back a few years

Advameg, Inc., Encyclopedia of the Nations

[accessed 29 December 2020]

Until the 1950s, Ireland had a predominantly agricultural economy, with agriculture making the largest contribution to the GNP. However, liberal trade policies and the drive for industrialization stimulated economic expansion. In 1958, agriculture accounted for 21% of the GNP, industry 23.5%, and other sectors 55.5%. By 2001, however, agriculture accounted for only 4% of the total, industry 36%, and services 60%.

Ireland has depended on substantial financial assistance from the European Union designed to raise the per capita gross national product to the EU average. Almost $11 billion was allocated for the period 1993–99 from the EU's Structural and Cohesion Funds. During the 1990s, living standards rose from 56% to 87% of the EU average.

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