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In the early years of the 21st Century

Description: Description: Description: Description: Description: Iran

CAUTION:  The following links and accompanying text have been culled from the web to illuminate the situation in Iran in the early years of the 21st Century.  Some of these links may lead to websites that present allegations that are unsubstantiated, misleading or even false.   No attempt has been made to validate their authenticity or to verify their content.



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*** Extreme Weather ***

Iran has been grappling with extreme heat, prompting significant measures. Recently, temperatures soared to over 123°F (50°C) in the southern city of Ahvaz. As a result, the Iranian government declared a nationwide two-day holiday, closing governmental offices, banks, and schools on Wednesday and Thursday. The health ministry issued a warning about potential cases of heat exhaustion due to the high temperatures.  In 2022, Ahvaz experienced its hottest temperature at 127.4°F (52.0°C). – adapted from Microsoft BING Copilot

*** ARCHIVES ***

The World Factbook - Iran

U.S. Central Intelligence Agency CIA

[accessed 29 December 2020]

World Factbook website has moved to --->

[accessed 5 January 2021]

Private sector activity includes small-scale workshops, farming, some manufacturing, and services, in addition to medium-scale construction, cement production, mining, and metalworking. Significant informal market activity flourishes and corruption is widespread.

GDP - per capita (PPP): $20,100 (2017 est.)

Labor force - by occupation:

agriculture: 16.3%

industry: 35.1%

services: 48.6% (2013 est.)

Unemployment rate: 11.8% (2017 est.)

Population below poverty line: 18.7% (2007 est.)

Maternal mortality rate: 16 deaths/100,000 live births (2017 est.)

Infant mortality rate: total: 14.9 deaths/1,000 live births

Life expectancy at birth: total population: 74.5 years

Drinking water source: improved: total: 97.2% of population

Physicians density: 1.13 physicians/1,000 population (2017)

Sanitation facility access: improved: total: 98.1% of population

Electricity access: electrification - total population: 100% (2016)

The Borgen Project - Iran

[accessed 7 February 2021]

The Borgen Project works with U.S. leaders to utilize the United States’ platform behind efforts toward improving living conditions for the world’s poor.  It is an innovative, national campaign that is working to make poverty a focus of U.S. foreign policy.  It believes that leaders of the most powerful nation on earth should be doing more to address global poverty. From ending segregation to providing women with the right to vote, nearly every wrong ever righted in history was achieved through advocacy. The Borgen Project addresses the big picture, operating at the political level advancing policies and programs that improve living conditions for those living on less than $1 per day.

~ Subsidy Cuts Increase Poverty In Iran

~ 8 Facts About Healthcare In Iran

~ Healthcare In Iran

~ The Water Crisis In Iran

~ 7 Facts About Poverty In Iran

'Bus Sleepers': Impoverished Iranians Find Shelter In Tehran's Night Buses

Golnaz Esfandiari, senior correspondent, Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty RFE/RL, 11 January 2022

[accessed 11 January 2022]

Deepening poverty in Iran is forcing some citizens in the capital to sleep in public buses during the cold winter nights. The number of homeless people in Iran has increased in recent years amid soaring unemployment and living costs.

Iranians are suffering as inflation hits record highs and food prices soar

Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty RFE/RL's Radio Farda

[accessed 15 October 2021]

Iran is dealing with skyrocketing inflation, which some observers blame on government mismanagement. President Ebrahim Raisi has promised to take action to reverse the rising prices of food and other goods. But citizens told RFE/RL's Radio Farda that the situation is still dire and their daily lives have been badly impacted by the economic crisis.

Animals Die and Farms are Abandoned as water dries up in Iran's Khuzestan Province

Neil Bowdler, Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty RFE/RL's Radio Farda, 10 October 2021

[ Long URL ]

[accessed 11 October 2021]

Communities on the Hour al-Azim marshes in Iran's Khuzestan Province say they're facing catastrophe. Marshes are drying up and piped-in drinking water is severely rationed by the authorities. Local residents say livestock are dying and farms are being abandoned. The water crisis promoted protests in the province in July 2020, which triggered demonstrations against the government nationwide.

The World Bank in Iran

[accessed 22 April 2021]

The Iranian authorities have adopted a comprehensive strategy encompassing the market-based reforms reflected in the government’s 20-year vision and its sixth development plan for the full five-year period from 2016/17 to 2021/22.

Looking back a few years

Advameg, Inc., Encyclopedia of the Nations

[accessed 7 February 2021]

A country with a substantial economic potential, Iran witnessed rapid economic growth during the reign of Shah Muhammad Reza Pahlavi. Development of its extensive agricultural, mineral, and power resources was financed through oil revenues. The traditional land tenure system, under which farmers were sharecroppers, was replaced through a land reform program inaugurated in 1962.

In 1994 the second five-year plan, running through 1999, was implemented. Its priorities were completion of infrastructure and development projects and an increase in social spending. By 1996, Iran's economy was growing rather steadily at about 4.2%. Inflation, however, continued to be a problem.

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