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In the early years of the 21st Century

Description: Description: Description: Iceland

CAUTION:  The following links and accompanying text have been culled from the web to illuminate the situation in Iceland in the early years of the 21st Century.  Some of these links may lead to websites that present allegations that are unsubstantiated, misleading or even false.   No attempt has been made to validate their authenticity or to verify their content.



If you are looking for material to use in a term-paper, you are advised to scan the postings on this page and others to see which aspects of poverty are of particular interest to you.  You might be interested in exploring the relationship between distribution of labor and per-capita GDP, for example.  Perhaps your paper could focus on life expectancy or infant mortality.  Other factors of interest might be unemployment, literacy, access to basic services, etc.  On the other hand, you might choose to include some of the possible outgrowths of poverty such as Human Trafficking, Street Children, or even Prostitution.  There is a lot to the subject of Poverty.  Scan other countries as well as this one.  Draw comparisons between activity in adjacent countries and/or regions.  Meanwhile, check out some of the Term-Paper resources that are available on-line.


Check out some of the Resources for Teachers attached to this website.

*** Extreme Weather ***

There has been an unusual number of extreme weather events in Iceland this winter. Severe storms with heavy snowfall have hit almost every week for the last two months.

The heat record for February in Iceland was almost smashed on Sunday (Feb 8th) when the temperature reached 17.4 C (63.3 F) at Dalatangi cape, Iceland’s easternmost point. The record is 18.1 C (64.6 F) from February 1998, also at Dalatangi. Tomorrow, however, the temperature at Dalatangi is expected to drop to -5 C (23 F). That is a swing of more than 22 C (72 F) in three days. – Iceland Magazine, 10 Feb 2015

*** ARCHIVES ***

The World Factbook - Iceland

U.S. Central Intelligence Agency CIA

[accessed 29 December 2020]

World Factbook website has moved to --->

[accessed 5 January 2021]

Iceland's economy combines a capitalist structure and free-market principles with an extensive welfare system. Except for a brief period during the 2008 crisis, Iceland has in recent years achieved high growth, low unemployment, and a remarkably even distribution of income.

GDP - per capita (PPP): $52,200 (2017 est.)

Labor force - by occupation:

agriculture: 4.8%

industry: 22.2%

services: 73% (2008 est.)

Unemployment rate: 2.8% (2017 est.)

Population below poverty line: N/A

Maternal mortality rate: 4 deaths/100,000 live births (2017 est.)

Infant mortality rate: total: 2.1 deaths/1,000 live births

Life expectancy at birth: total population: 83.3 years

Drinking water source: improved: total: 100% of population

Physicians density: 3.98 physicians/1,000 population (2017)

Sanitation facility access: improved: total: 100% of population

Electricity access: electrification - total population: 100% (2016)

The Borgen Project - Iceland

[accessed 7 February 2021]

The Borgen Project works with U.S. leaders to utilize the United States’ platform behind efforts toward improving living conditions for the world’s poor.  It is an innovative, national campaign that is working to make poverty a focus of U.S. foreign policy.  It believes that leaders of the most powerful nation on earth should be doing more to address global poverty. From ending segregation to providing women with the right to vote, nearly every wrong ever righted in history was achieved through advocacy. The Borgen Project addresses the big picture, operating at the political level advancing policies and programs that improve living conditions for those living on less than $1 per day.

~ Combating Child Poverty In Iceland

~ Innovations In Poverty Eradication In Iceland

~ Housing To Reduce Homelessness In Iceland

~ 10 Facts About Life Expectancy In Iceland


~ Top Ten Facts About Quality Of Life In Iceland

~ World Leader: Poverty Rate In Iceland Continuously Lowers

The World Bank in Iceland

[accessed 22 April 2021]

Iceland supports international efforts to promote human and economic development, reduce poverty, and boost shared prosperity around the world.

Looking back a few years

Advameg, Inc., Encyclopedia of the Nations

[accessed 29 December 2020]

Iceland's economy, once primarily agricultural, is now based overwhelmingly on fishing. Crop raising plays a small role, since most of the land is unsuitable for cultivation and the growing season is short. Sheep raising and dairying are the chief agricultural activities, with horse breeding also substantial. Iceland is generally self-sufficient in meat, eggs, and dairy products, but sugar and cereal products must be imported. Since Iceland has almost no known mineral resources and has had no concentrations of population until recent decades, industry is small-scale and local, depends heavily on imported raw and semimanufactured materials, and cannot compete favorably with foreign industry, especially with imports from low-income countries.

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