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Poverty & Hunger

Republic of

The Gambia

In the early years of the 21st Century



Description: Description: Description: Gambia

CAUTION:  The following links and accompanying text have been culled from the web to illuminate the situation in Gambia in the early years of the 21st Century.  Some of these links may lead to websites that present allegations that are unsubstantiated, misleading or even false.   No attempt has been made to validate their authenticity or to verify their content.



If you are looking for material to use in a term-paper, you are advised to scan the postings on this page and others to see which aspects of poverty are of particular interest to you.  You might be interested in exploring the relationship between distribution of labor and per-capita GDP, for example.  Perhaps your paper could focus on life expectancy or infant mortality.  Other factors of interest might be unemployment, literacy, access to basic services, etc.  On the other hand, you might choose to include some of the possible outgrowths of poverty such as Human Trafficking, Street Children, or even Prostitution.  There is a lot to the subject of Poverty.  Scan other countries as well as this one.  Draw comparisons between activity in adjacent countries and/or regions.  Meanwhile, check out some of the Term-Paper resources that are available on-line.


Check out some of the Resources for Teachers attached to this website.

*** Extreme Weather ***

In the Gambia, extreme weather events have a profound impact on vulnerable communities.

Windstorm and Flooding in Jalambang: In July, a powerful windstorm struck Jalambang, a town in the southwest of the Gambia. The wind tore off roofs, leaving families exposed to torrential rain. Binta Bah, a resident, lost her home and belongings. The storm claimed lives, injured many, and affected thousands.

Bah’s poverty exacerbated her vulnerability. Her mud-and-corrugated-iron house couldn’t withstand the windstorm. Depleted soil from deforestation affected her tomato crops, which were her source of income. Lacking a social safety net, she now relies on aid from the World Food Programme.

Rising Sea Levels in Banjul: The Gambian capital, Banjul, faces a crisis due to rising sea levels. Every rainy season, areas like Tobacco Road experience intense downpours, causing canal overflow and flooding. Experts warn that global heating could lead to a sea level rise of up to 1.3 meters by 2100, potentially inundating parts of Banjul.

These extreme weather events highlight the urgent need for climate resilience and support for vulnerable communities in the Gambia. – Microsoft BING Copilot

*** ARCHIVES ***

The World Factbook – The Gambia

U.S. Central Intelligence Agency CIA

[accessed 29 December 2020]

World Factbook website has moved to --->

[accessed 5 January 2021]

The government has invested in the agriculture sector because three-quarters of the population depends on the sector for its livelihood and agriculture provides for about one-third of GDP, making The Gambia largely reliant on sufficient rainfall. The agricultural sector has untapped potential - less than half of arable land is cultivated and agricultural productivity is low. Small-scale manufacturing activity features the processing of cashews, groundnuts, fish, and hides. The Gambia's reexport trade accounts for almost 80% of goods exports and China has been its largest trade partner for both exports and imports for several years.

GDP - per capita: $2,600 (2017 est.)

Labor force - by occupation:

agriculture: 75%

industry: 19%

services: 6% (1996 est.)

Unemployment rate: N/A

Population below poverty line: 78.4% (2010 est.)

Maternal mortality rate: 597 deaths/100,000 live births (2017 est.)

Infant mortality rate: total: 54.9 deaths/1,000 live births

Life expectancy at birth: total population: 65.8 years

Drinking water source: improved: total: 87.1% of population

Physicians density: 0.1 physicians/1,000 population (2015)

Sanitation facility access: improved: total: 66.3% of population

Electricity access: electrification - total population: 47.8% (2016)

The Borgen Project - Gambia

[accessed 3 February 2021]

The Borgen Project works with U.S. leaders to utilize the United States’ platform behind efforts toward improving living conditions for the world’s poor.  It is an innovative, national campaign that is working to make poverty a focus of U.S. foreign policy.  It believes that leaders of the most powerful nation on earth should be doing more to address global poverty. From ending segregation to providing women with the right to vote, nearly every wrong ever righted in history was achieved through advocacy. The Borgen Project addresses the big picture, operating at the political level advancing policies and programs that improve living conditions for those living on less than $1 per day.

~ 5 Facts About Healthcare In The Gambia

~ Hunger In The Gambia: A Continuous Fight

~ The Gambia’s Solar Park For Sustainable Energy

~ The Continued Fight To Improve Maternal Health In The Gambia

~ International Aid Improving Credit Access In The Gambia

~ Power Up Gambia Brings Light To Healthcare In The Gambia

~ The Success Of Humanitarian Aid To The Gambia

~ 5 Development Projects In The Gambia

~ Food Program Initiatives In The Gambia

The World Bank in The Gambia

[accessed 19 April 2021]

Through IDA, the World Bank supports projects in basic education, energy, public resources management and agriculture.

Looking back a few years …

Advameg, Inc., Encyclopedia of the Nations

[accessed 29 December 2020]

The Gambia's light sandy soil is well suited to the cultivation of groundnuts, which is the country's principal agricultural export. About 75% of the population is engaged in crop production and livestock raising. However, groundnut production has fallen in recent years, and in 1990, tourism overtook groundnut exports as the nation's number one export earner. Significant export revenues are earned from fishing and reexport trade.

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