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Poverty & Hunger

French Republic


In the early years of the 21st Century

Description: Description: France

CAUTION:  The following links and accompanying text have been culled from the web to illuminate the situation in France in the early years of the 21st Century.  Some of these links may lead to websites that present allegations that are unsubstantiated, misleading or even false.   No attempt has been made to validate their authenticity or to verify their content.



If you are looking for material to use in a term-paper, you are advised to scan the postings on this page and others to see which aspects of poverty are of particular interest to you.  You might be interested in exploring the relationship between distribution of labor and per-capita GDP, for example.  Perhaps your paper could focus on life expectancy or infant mortality.  Other factors of interest might be unemployment, literacy, access to basic services, etc.  On the other hand, you might choose to include some of the possible outgrowths of poverty such as Human Trafficking, Street Children, or even Prostitution.  There is a lot to the subject of Poverty.  Scan other countries as well as this one.  Draw comparisons between activity in adjacent countries and/or regions.  Meanwhile, check out some of the Term-Paper resources that are available on-line.


Check out some of the Resources for Teachers attached to this website.

*** Extreme Weather ***

According to a news article by CBC News World, France has been experiencing violent storms with hail, rain, and heavy winds. The storms have caused flooding in Paris subway stations and snarled traffic in the French capital. Winds of more than 100 km/h were recorded at the top of the Eiffel Tower during a flash flood on Tuesday, and similar winds were forecast Wednesday in the southeast. In addition, France has been experiencing a season of extreme weather that scientists link to human-made climate change. – Microsoft BING Copilot

*** ARCHIVES ***

The World Factbook - France

U.S. Central Intelligence Agency CIA

[accessed 29 December 2020]

World Factbook website has moved to --->

[accessed 5 January 2021]

France's real GDP grew by 1.9% in 2017, up from 1.2% the year before. The unemployment rate (including overseas territories) increased from 7.8% in 2008 to 10.2% in 2015, before falling to 9.0% in 2017. Youth unemployment in metropolitan France decreased from 24.6% in the fourth quarter of 2014 to 20.6% in the fourth quarter of 2017.

GDP - per capita (PPP): $44,100 (2017 est.)

Labor force - by occupation:

agriculture: 2.8% (2016 est.)

industry: 20% (2016 est.)

services: 77.2% (2016 est.)

Unemployment rate: 9.4% (2017 est.)

Population below poverty line: 14.2% (2015 est.)

Maternal mortality rate: 8 deaths/100,000 live births (2017 est.)

Infant mortality rate: total: 3.2 deaths/1,000 live births

Life expectancy at birth: total population: 82.2 years

Drinking water source: improved: total: 100% of population

Physicians density: 3.26 physicians/1,000 population (2017)

Sanitation facility access: improved: total: 100% of population

Electricity access: electrification - total population: 100% (2016)

The Borgen Project - France

[accessed 2 February 2021]

The Borgen Project works with U.S. leaders to utilize the United States’ platform behind efforts toward improving living conditions for the world’s poor.  It is an innovative, national campaign that is working to make poverty a focus of U.S. foreign policy.  It believes that leaders of the most powerful nation on earth should be doing more to address global poverty. From ending segregation to providing women with the right to vote, nearly every wrong ever righted in history was achieved through advocacy. The Borgen Project addresses the big picture, operating at the political level advancing policies and programs that improve living conditions for those living on less than $1 per day.

~ Examining Disability And Poverty In France

~ Top 6 Facts About Child Poverty In France

~ Innovations In Poverty Eradication In France

~ How To End Hunger In France

~ Martinique’s Pesticide Poisoning

Going to the Bank for Food, Not Money: The Growing Reality of Hunger in “Rich” Countries

Human Rights Watch World Report 2020

[accessed 31 January 2021]

In France, the Restos du Coeur (Restaurants of the Heart) network, gave out  around 130 million meals in 2017-18, the last year for which they have figures, through their emergency food aid program. One-third of such aid was directed to single parent families, and there is increasing concern about older people left to rely on their aid.

In France, amid widespread public protests about living standards and labor law changes, the government has begun restructuring unemployment benefits and is expected in 2020 to make changes to public pensions to address its deficits. This is likely to mean more people needing support from the Restos du Coeur so they have enough to eat.

In France, the full effect of a 2016 law that requires large food retail stores to ensure food nearing its expiry date is given to those who need it rather than being wasted remains to be seen. But the early signs are promising—inspiring activists to demand other food producers (growers, processing plants, and restaurants) are also required to take similar measures. State efforts are needed at the same time to ensure that people have the means to feed their families.

With better legal protections, better measurement, and stronger policy responses, this entirely avoidable hunger can be reduced drastically. Hunger in wealthy countries is not inevitable, and food banks are not a substitute for government action. As the UN’s former special rapporteur on the right to food and 57 other prominent academic and nongovernmental organization voices have warned, we should never get used to the idea of “leftover” food for “left behind people”.

Examining France’s Education Reform and Teacher Poverty

Borgen Magazine, 13 January 2021

[accessed 14 January 2021]

After the horrific assassination of the French schoolteacher Samuel Paty in October 2020, the poor living and working conditions of French teachers evoked heated discussion in society as well as in the government. Considering the wealth and economic power of France, it is surprising to see that the salaries of French teachers are 7% lower than the average for the Organization of Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) countries.

National Tribute to Samuel Paty -- On Friday, October 16, 2020, in a suburb of Paris, an 18-year-old Muslim killed and beheaded a French middle-school teacher named Samuel Paty with a knife. Paty, 47, teacher of history and geography at Collège du Bois d’Aulne, was murdered 10 days after showing his 4th-year students a caricature of the prophet Muhammad in a class on freedom of expression.

Alarming Conditions of Teachers in France -- The tragic story of Paty has brought to light the poor living and working conditions of teachers in France. Considering the nation’s GDP and the average income, the salaries of teaching professions are strikingly low.

The World Bank in France

[accessed 18 April 2021]

France, a member of the World Bank Group since 1945, supports multilateral efforts aimed at promoting human and economic development, reducing poverty, and promoting prosperity that is shared throughout the world.

Looking back a few years …

Advameg, Inc., Encyclopedia of the Nations

[accessed 2 February 2021]

France is one of the most richly endowed countries of Europe. The favorable climate, extensive areas of rich soil, and long-established tradition of skilled agriculture have created ideal conditions for a thriving farm economy. Large deposits of iron ore, a well-integrated network of power plants, important domestic reserves of natural gas, good transport, and high standards of industrial workmanship have made the French industrial complex one of the most modern in Europe.

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