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Central African Republic

In the early years of the 21st Century

Description: Description: Description: CentralAfricanRep

CAUTION:  The following links and accompanying text have been culled from the web to illuminate the situation in The Central African Republic in the early years of the 21st Century.  Some of these links may lead to websites that present allegations that are unsubstantiated, misleading or even false.   No attempt has been made to validate their authenticity or to verify their content.



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*** Extreme Weather ***

The Central African Republic (CAR) is one of the most vulnerable regions in the world when it comes to climate and environmental shocks. The region is already feeling the effects of unpredictable bouts of extreme weather and drought, which have started to drive displacement, impede governance, and incite tensions at all levels of society.

According to the United States Institute of Peace, Central African governments and militaries are ill-prepared to absorb climate shocks. The magnitude of these shocks is only expected to increase in the coming years. Without a concerted effort to build resilience, adding climate shocks to the region’s complex mix of crises will only instigate further instability as time goes on. – Microsoft BING Copilot

*** ARCHIVES ***

The World Factbook – Central African Republic

U.S. Central Intelligence Agency CIA

[accessed 21 December 2020]

World Factbook website has moved to --->

[accessed 5 January 2021]

Important constraints to economic development include the CAR's landlocked geography, poor transportation system, largely unskilled work force, and legacy of misdirected macroeconomic policies. Factional fighting between the government and its opponents remains a drag on economic revitalization. Distribution of income is highly unequal and grants from the international community can only partially meet humanitarian needs

GDP - per capita (PPP): $700 (2017 est.)

Labor force - by occupation:

agriculture: --%

industry: --%

services: --% (2017 est.)

Unemployment rate: 6.9% (2017 est.)

Population below poverty line: 62% (2017 est.)

Maternal mortality rate: 829 deaths/100,000 live births (2017 est.)

Infant mortality rate: total: 80.6 deaths/1,000 live births

Life expectancy at birth: total population: 54.2 years

Drinking water source: improved: total: 68.5% of population

Physicians density: 0.07 physicians/1,000 population (2017)

Sanitation facility access: improved: total: 21.8% of population

Electricity access: electrification - total population: 14% (2016)

The Borgen Project – Central African Republic CAR

[accessed 24 January 2021]

The Borgen Project works with U.S. leaders to utilize the United States’ platform behind efforts toward improving living conditions for the world’s poor.  It is an innovative, national campaign that is working to make poverty a focus of U.S. foreign policy.  It believes that leaders of the most powerful nation on earth should be doing more to address global poverty. From ending segregation to providing women with the right to vote, nearly every wrong ever righted in history was achieved through advocacy. The Borgen Project addresses the big picture, operating at the political level advancing policies and programs that improve living conditions for those living on less than $1 per day.

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~ New Developments And Humanitarian Aid In The Central African Republic

Action Against Hunger - Central African Republic

[accessed 21 March 2021]

The landlocked Central African Republic is one of the poorest nations in the world, located in an extremely volatile region and beset by constant political instability and upheaval. Despite a peace and reconciliation agreement signed in February 2019, there are still about 600,000 internally displaced people in the Central African Republic due to armed conflict and insecurity. More than half of the country's 4.9 million population rely on humanitarian assistance. Malnutrition remains a major issue and leading causes of morbidity and mortality for children under five years old.

The World Bank in Central African Republic

[accessed 18 April 2021]

The World Bank supports the Central African Republic's goal to transition from extended instability to long-term economic recovery.

Looking back a few years …

Advameg, Inc., Encyclopedia of the Nations

[accessed 24 January 2021]

The Central African Republic (CAR) has a basically agricultural economy supplemented by the export of diamonds. Agriculture engages about 85% of the workforce and produces about half of GDP. Food crops—manioc (tapioca), corn, millet, bananas, and rice—are grown on low-technology farms for domestic consumption. Coffee, tobacco, timber and cotton are the CAR's principal export crops.

World Bank and IMF programs to support investments in livestock, agriculture, and the transportation sectors have not been successful. As such, the World Bank and IMF as of 2003 were concentrating on poverty reduction programs and reform plans to refuel the economy, including the privatization of state-owned enterprises and corruption-fighting measures.

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