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Poverty & Hunger

Bosnia & Herzegovina


In the early years of the 21st Century

Description: Description: Description: Bosnia-Herzegovinia

CAUTION:  The following links and accompanying text have been culled from the web to illuminate the situation in Bosnia & Herzegovina in the early years of the 21st Century.  Some of these links may lead to websites that present allegations that are unsubstantiated, misleading or even false.   No attempt has been made to validate their authenticity or to verify their content.



If you are looking for material to use in a term-paper, you are advised to scan the postings on this page and others to see which aspects of poverty are of particular interest to you.  You might be interested in exploring the relationship between distribution of labor and per-capita GDP, for example.  Perhaps your paper could focus on life expectancy or infant mortality.  Other factors of interest might be unemployment, literacy, access to basic services, etc.  On the other hand, you might choose to include some of the possible outgrowths of poverty such as Human Trafficking, Street Children, or even Prostitution.  There is a lot to the subject of Poverty.  Scan other countries as well as this one.  Draw comparisons between activity in adjacent countries and/or regions.  Meanwhile, check out some of the Term-Paper resources that are available on-line.


Check out some of the Resources for Teachers attached to this website.

*** Extreme Weather ***

According to a report by the United Nations, Bosnia and Herzegovina is experiencing extreme weather events that are increasingly becoming the norm. These events include severe fluctuations in rainfall and temperature across and within seasons, which are disrupting many areas of economic and social activity. In February 2021, Bosnia and Herzegovina experienced an unseasonably warm month. In July 2021, Sarajevo experienced its hottest ever recorded July day on 28th July.

In July 2023, a powerful storm battered much of the Balkans, including Bosnia, resulting in six deaths and dozens of injuries.  Microsoft BING Copilot

*** ARCHIVES ***

The World Factbook – Bosnia and Herzegovina

U.S. Central Intelligence Agency CIA

[accessed 10 November 2020]

World Factbook website has moved to --->

[accessed 5 January 2021]

Bosnia and Herzegovina's private sector is growing slowly, but foreign investment dropped sharply after 2007 and remains low. High unemployment remains the most serious macroeconomic problem.

GDP - per capita (PPP): $12,800 (2017 est.)

Labor force - by occupation:

agriculture: 18%

industry: 30.4%

services: 51.7% (2017 est.)

Unemployment rate: 20.5% (2017 est.)

Population below poverty line: 16.9% (2017 est.)

Maternal mortality rate: 10 deaths/100,000 live births (2017 est.)

Infant mortality rate: total: 5.2 deaths/1,000 live births

Life expectancy at birth: total population: 77.5 years

Drinking water source: improved: total: 99.9% of population

Physicians density: 2.16 physicians/1,000 population (2017)

Sanitation facility access: improved: total: 95.4% of population

Electricity access: electrification - total population: 100% (2016)

The Borgen Project – Bosnia & Herzegovina

[accessed 21 January 2021]

The Borgen Project works with U.S. leaders to utilize the United States’ platform behind efforts toward improving living conditions for the world’s poor.  It is an innovative, national campaign that is working to make poverty a focus of U.S. foreign policy.  It believes that leaders of the most powerful nation on earth should be doing more to address global poverty. From ending segregation to providing women with the right to vote, nearly every wrong ever righted in history was achieved through advocacy. The Borgen Project addresses the big picture, operating at the political level advancing policies and programs that improve living conditions for those living on less than $1 per day.

~ A Fragile System: Hunger In Bosnia And Herzegovina

~ Girls’ Education In Bosnia And Herzegovina

~ Top 10 Facts About Poverty In Bosnia And Herzegovina

~ Picking Up The Pieces: Addressing Poverty In Bosnia And Herzegovina

~ How The Us Benefits From Foreign Aid To Bosnia And Herzegovina

~ How Credit Access In Bosnia And Herzegovina Impacts The Economy

The World Bank in Bosnia and Herzegovina

[accessed 16 April 2021]

Bosnia and Herzegovina is an upper middle-income country which has accomplished a great deal since the mid-1990s. Today, it is an EU potential candidate country and is now embarking on a new growth model amid a period of slow growth and the global financial crisis.

Looking back a few years …

Advameg, Inc., Encyclopedia of the Nations

[accessed 21 January 2021]

Before the war, Bosnia and Herzegovina ranked next to Macedonia as the poorest republic of the former Yugoslav SFR. Although industry accounted for over 50% of GDP, Bosnia and Herzegovina was primarily agricultural. Farms were small and inefficient, thus necessitating food imports.

In 2002, the government adopted a poverty reduction strategy designed to create more jobs and increase exports.

Some progress was made in this area in 2001 with exports of clothing, furniture, and leather goods.

All material used herein reproduced under the fair use exception of 17 USC § 107 for noncommercial, nonprofit, and educational use.  PLEASE RESPECT COPYRIGHTS OF COMPONENT ARTICLES.  Cite this webpage as: Prof. Martin Patt, "Poverty - Bosnia & Herzegovina ",, [accessed <date>]