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In the early years of the 21st Century

Description: Description: Armenia

CAUTION:  The following links and accompanying text have been culled from the web to illuminate the situation in Armenia in the early years of the 21st Century.  Some of these links may lead to websites that present allegations that are unsubstantiated, misleading or even false.   No attempt has been made to validate their authenticity or to verify their content.



If you are looking for material to use in a term-paper, you are advised to scan the postings on this page and others to see which aspects of poverty are of particular interest to you.  You might be interested in exploring the relationship between distribution of labor and per-capita GDP, for example.  Perhaps your paper could focus on life expectancy or infant mortality.  Other factors of interest might be unemployment, literacy, access to basic services, etc.  On the other hand, you might choose to include some of the possible outgrowths of poverty such as Human Trafficking, Street Children, or even Prostitution.  There is a lot to the subject of Poverty.  Scan other countries as well as this one.  Draw comparisons between activity in adjacent countries and/or regions.  Meanwhile, check out some of the Term-Paper resources that are available on-line.


Check out some of the Resources for Teachers attached to this website.

*** Extreme Weather expected in 2024 ***

According to a report by World Vision International, the consequences of climate change are becoming increasingly apparent in Armenia. Projections indicate rising average temperatures by 2070, leading to heatwaves, droughts, floods, and other extreme weather events.  Microsoft BING Copilot

*** ARCHIVES ***

The World Factbook - Armenia

U.S. Central Intelligence Agency CIA

[accessed 9 November 2020]

World Factbook website has moved to --->

[accessed 5 January 2021]

Armenia joined the World Trade Organization in January 2003. The government has made some improvements in tax and customs administration in recent years, but anti-corruption measures have been largely ineffective. Armenia will need to pursue additional economic reforms and strengthen the rule of law in order to raise its economic growth and improve economic competitiveness and employment opportunities, especially given its economic isolation from Turkey and Azerbaijan.

GDP - per capita (PPP): $9,500 (2017 est.)

Labor force - by occupation:

agriculture: 36.3%

industry: 17%

services: 46.7% (2013 est.)

Unemployment rate: 18.9% (2017 est.)

Population below poverty line: 32% (2013 est.)

Maternal mortality rate: 26 deaths/100,000 live births (2017 est.)

Infant mortality rate: total: 11.5 deaths/1,000 live births

Life expectancy at birth: total population: 75.6 years

Drinking water source: improved: total: 100% of population

Physicians density: 4.4 physicians/1,000 population (2017)

Sanitation facility access: improved: total: 93.6% of population

Electricity access: electrification - total population: 100% (2016)

The Borgen Project - Armenia

[accessed 19 January 2021]

The Borgen Project works with U.S. leaders to utilize the United States’ platform behind efforts toward improving living conditions for the world’s poor.  It is an innovative, national campaign that is working to make poverty a focus of U.S. foreign policy.  It believes that leaders of the most powerful nation on earth should be doing more to address global poverty. From ending segregation to providing women with the right to vote, nearly every wrong ever righted in history was achieved through advocacy. The Borgen Project addresses the big picture, operating at the political level advancing policies and programs that improve living conditions for those living on less than $1 per day.

~ Elderly Poverty In Armenia: The Hidden Issue

~ Poverty In Nagorno-Karabakh

~ 5 Facts About Homelessness In Armenia

~ The Arda: Addressing Homelessness In Armenia

~ 3 Efforts To Improve Water Management In Armenia

~ 10 Facts About Living Conditions In Armenia

~ Top 5 Nonprofits In Armenia

~ Infrastructure Projects In Armenia

~ 4 Facts About The Status Of Aids In Armenia

Child Poverty in Armenia - National Multiple Overlapping Deprivation Analysis – 2016  [PDF]

Lucia Ferrone & Yekaterina Chzhen, The UNICEF Office of Research - INNOCENTI

[accessed 13 February 2021]

Child poverty is about more than just money – it’s multidimensional. When children grow up in poverty they miss out on things most of us take for granted. For children, poverty can also mean being deprived in crucial aspects of their lives, such as nutrition, education, leisure or housing. These deficiencies go beyond monetary aspects, not only affecting the quality of their life at present but also their ability to grow to their full potential in the future.

4. CHILDREN AGED 0-5 YEARS OLD -- The highest deprivation rates among children aged 0 to 5 years-old are in the household dimensions: one in two children are deprived in housing and almost the same proportion are deprived in information and utilities. In the housing dimensions, both housing problems (i.e. dilapidated walls and window) and overcrowding affect about one in three children. Two fifth of children have either wood or no heating at home, and one in two live in houses without access to internet. The indicator for the ECEC dimensions is defined only for children who are 3 to 5 years-old, and are supposed to attend formal care; children aged 0-3 are not considered deprived since they are not expected to attend early education, and cannot therefore experience this deprivation. If we look only at children who are aged 3 to 5, deprivation increases to 53 per cent: more than one half of children aged 3 to 5 in Armenia do not attend any form of early education. This share goes up to 72 per cent in rural areas, while it drops down to 43 per cent, in urban areas.

The World Bank in Armenia

[accessed 15 April 2021]

Armenia’s economy has undergone a profound transformation since independence. Sustained growth, ambitious reforms, as well as inflows of capital and remittances have created a market-oriented environment. However, the global financial crisis has impacted the economy significantly.

Looking back a few years …

Advameg, Inc., Encyclopedia of the Nations

[accessed 13 December 2020]

As part of the Soviet Union, the Armenian economy featured large-scale agro-industrial enterprises and a substantial industrial sector that supplied machine tools, textiles and other manufactured goods to other parts of the USSR in exchange for raw materials.

With independence, as real GDP fell 60% from 1992-93, small-scale agriculture came to dominate in place of the former agro-industrial complexes, with crops of grain, sugar beets, potatoes, and other vegetables, as well as grapes and other fruit.

Growth sectors include telecommunications, assembly of electric and electronic appliances, agriculture and food processing, energy generation and distribution, construction, coal and gold mining, and international air communications.

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